In secondary schools, high schools, and universities, a 10-point scale is used, 5 being the minimum grade for passing.
high level of command of all aspects – no or only a few minor weaknesses
high level of command of most aspects – only minor weaknesses
major level of command – small weaknesses
fair level of command – some weaknesses
fair level of command – significant weaknesses
the minimum requirements for acceptance
almost sufficient, not acceptable
rudimentary knowledge of the subject
very poor performance
no knowledge of the subject
awarded for academic dishonesty (cheating) and given as a starting point
Specifications such as + and −, half grades, and grades like 6/7 are sometimes used. Note that the grades used in primary school are derived from this scale, with Insufficient meaning "4 or less", and the other grades standing for 5-6, 7-8 and 9-10 respectively. A 10 is not an uncommon grade, especially in low-interest subjects. A 9 is usually considered an excellent grade. The average grade ranges between 7 and 8. A very poor performance is usually awarded a 3 or 4, while a 1 is often reserved for cases of academic dishonesty or some other unacceptable behavior. Grades with 2 decimal digits can also be awarded, e.g. 7.38 means "'very' satisfactory", although in the register (catalog, where grades are written) the grade will be rounded. Grades with 2 decimal digits can also be awarded in certificates of final examinations in secondary schools, but in that case, they are not rounded.