Academic grading in the Czech Republic

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In the Czech Republic, primary and secondary schools use a 5-point grade system, with 1 as the best and 5 as the worst. They correspond to the following ratings: 1 = výborně (excellent), 2 = chvalitebně (commendable), 3 = dobře (good), 4 = dostatečně (sufficient), and 5 = nedostatečně (insufficient). Only whole numbers appear on report cards, but tests or oral exams are often marked with additional distinctive signs: 3+ is slightly better than 3, 2− is slightly lower than 2, 1-2 or 1/2 means halfway between 1 and 2, and 1* means exceptionally excellent.

Universities used a 4-point grade system in the past, in which 1 is the highest and 4 indicates failing. Some universities also use the textual form of the grades in addition to the numerical form: 1 = výborně (excellent), 2 = velmi dobře (very good), 3 = dobře (good), 4 = neprospěl (fail). Currently in most Czech Universities the ECTS system has been adopted and the grades are A to F. It maps to the previous classification in the following way:

New classification Old classification Orientation percentage
A 1 90 - 100
B 1.5 80 - 89
C 2 70 - 79
D 2.5 60 - 69
E 3 50 - 59
F 4 0 - 49

Private high schools or Gymnasiums may use different academic grading. A 10-point grading scale consisting of 1 (A), 2 (A-), 3 (B+) ... 10 (D) has been used in some private schools in the Czech Republic.