Academic ranks (Australia and New Zealand)
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Teaching and research positions
Academic positions in Australia and New Zealand can be either continuing (permanent) or fixed-term (contract) appointments. Continuing appointments at the lecturer level and above are similar to the permanent academic posts found in the United Kingdom, and generally involve a 3-5 year probationary period.
- Professor - level E appointments, equivalent to chair professor in most Asian countries and North American universities and to a professor of a discipline in British universities. In Australia and NZ, the number of professors is approximately 10 percent of the total number of academic staff in any given university. This rank is only given to those who have demonstrated outstanding competence and academic leadership in research, teaching, and service as well as achieving international recognition of their scholarship.
- Associate professor and/or reader - level D appointments, equivalent to professor in most Asian countries and in North American universities. Equivalent to reader in Britain. The reader designation in Australia is only given to those demonstrating excellence in research. The associate professor rank is given to academics that are developing a very strong international profile and have demonstrated sustained high competence in both teaching and research. Associate professors are approximately 10 to 15 percent of the total number of academic staff in any given university.
- Senior lecturer - level C appointments, equivalent to associate professor in North American universities. Normally, academic staff demonstrating sustained competence in research and teaching are promoted to this rank after 4 to 6 years of service at the rank of lecturer. In most universities, this group is approximately 40 to 45 percent of total number of academic staff.
- Lecturer - level B appointments, equivalent to instructor in North American universities. Most universities now require applicants for lecturer positions to have a PhD degree in hand.
- Associate or assistant lecturer, senior tutor, tutor, research officer - level A appointments. This is the entry-level academic rank.
Research only positions
- Professor - senior principal research fellow (level E)
- Associate professor - principal research fellow (level D)
- Senior research fellow (level C)
- Research fellow (level B)
- Research Associate (level A)
Please note that the Australian public services or government organisations also employ a large number of academics or researchers. Different organisations have their own established title systems (e.g., principal scientist, senior officer etc.). However, it is the level rather than the title that determines the equivalent academic rank. With Commonwealth Scientific & Industry Research Organisation (CSIRO) and most state governments,
- Level 4, equivalent to postdoctoral fellow or associate lecturer;
- Level 5, equivalent to lecturer or research scientist;
- Level 6, equivalent to senior lecturer or senior scientist;
- Level 7, equivalent to associate professor;
- Level 8, equivalent to professor;
- Level 9, chief.
- SC-level 1, equivalent to postdoctoral fellow or associate lecturer;
- SC-level 2, equivalent to lecturer or research scientist;
- SC-level 3, equivalent to senior lecturer or senior scientist;
- SC-level 4, equivalent to associate professor;
- SC-level 5, equivalent to professor;
- SC-level 6, chief.
- Visitor (titular)
- Chancellor (titular)
- Deputy chancellor / pro-chancellor (titular)
- Deputy vice-chancellor
- Pro-vice-chancellor (could be the faculty dean)
- Registrar (education) (there is not necessarily such a position)
- Faculty dean (normally professor)
- Faculty deputy dean; associate dean (normally professor, associate professor or reader)
- Head of school and Head of Department (normally professor, associate professor, or reader)
- Program director (normally senior lecturer or above)
- Course coordinator (lecturer and above)