Academy Award for Best Actress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Academy Award for Best Actress
Awarded for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Currently held by Cate Blanchett,
Blue Jasmine (2013)
Official website oscars.org

Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. Prior to the 49th Academy Awards ceremony (1976), this award was known as the Academy Award of Merit for Performance by an Actress. Since its inception, however, the award has commonly been referred to as the Oscar for Best Actress. While actresses are nominated for this award by Academy members who are actors and actresses themselves, winners are selected by the Academy membership as a whole.

History[edit]

Throughout the past 86 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, AMPAS has presented a total of 87 Best Actress awards to 72 different actresses. Winners of this Academy Award of Merit receive the familiar Oscar statuette, depicting a gold-plated knight holding a crusader's sword and standing on a reel of film. The first recipient was Janet Gaynor, who was honored at the 1st Academy Awards ceremony (1929) for her performances in Seventh Heaven, Street Angel, and Sunrise. The most recent recipient was Cate Blanchett, who was honored at the 86th Academy Awards ceremony (2013) for her performance in Blue Jasmine.

In the first three years of the Academy Awards, individuals such as actors and directors were nominated as the best in their categories. Then all of their work during the qualifying period (as many as three films, in some cases) was listed after the award. However, during the 3rd Academy Awards ceremony (1930), only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award, even though each of the acting winners had had two films following their names on the ballots. For the 4th Academy Awards ceremony (1931), this unwieldy and confusing system was replaced by the current system in which an actress is nominated for a specific performance in a single film. Such nominations are limited to five per year. Until the 8th Academy Awards ceremony (1936), nominations for the Best Actress award were intended to include all actresses, whether the performance was in either a leading or supporting role. At the 9th Academy Awards ceremony (1937), however, the Best Supporting Actress category was specifically introduced as a distinct award following complaints that the single Best Actress category necessarily favored leading performers with the most screen time. Currently, Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role, and Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role constitute the four Academy Awards of Merit for acting annually presented by AMPAS.

Other awards for acting[edit]

Actors have also received special awards, or Academy Honorary Awards, for acting in specific films (such as in the case of James Baskett, who received a special honorary award for Disney's Song of the South). Child actors have also been awarded the Academy Juvenile Award.

Winners and nominees[edit]

Following the Academy's practice, the films below are listed by year of their Los Angeles qualifying run, which is usually (but not always) the film's year of release. For example, the Oscar for Best Actress of 1999 was announced during the award ceremony held in 2000.

For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. For example, the 2nd Academy Awards presented on April 3, 1930, recognized films that were released between August 1, 1928 and July 31, 1929. Starting with the 7th Academy Awards, held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.

Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.

1920s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1927/28
1st Academy Awards
Janet Gaynor Seventh Heaven / Street Angel / Sunrise Diane / Angela / The Wife - Indre
Louise Dresser A Ship Comes In Mrs. Pleznik
Gloria Swanson Sadie Thompson Sadie Thompson
1928/29
2nd Academy Awards
Mary Pickford Coquette Norma Besant
Ruth Chatterton Madame X Jacqueline Floriot
Betty Compson The Barker Carrie
Jeanne Eagels (posthumous nomination) The Letter Leslie Crosbie
Corinne Griffith The Divine Lady Emma, Lady Hamilton
Bessie Love The Broadway Melody Hank Mahoney

1930s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1929/30
3rd Academy Awards
Norma Shearer The Divorcee Jerry Bernard Martin
Nancy Carroll The Devil's Holiday Hallie Hobart
Ruth Chatterton Sarah and Son Sarah Storm
Greta Garbo Anna Christie / Romance Anna Christie / Madame Rita Cavallini
Norma Shearer Their Own Desire Lucia 'Lally' Marlett
Gloria Swanson The Trespasser Marion Donnell
1930/31
4th Academy Awards
Marie Dressler Min and Bill Min Divot
Marlene Dietrich Morocco Mademoiselle Amy Jolly
Irene Dunne Cimarron Sabra Cravat
Ann Harding Holiday Linda Seton
Norma Shearer A Free Soul Jan Ashe
1931/32
5th Academy Awards
Helen Hayes The Sin of Madelon Claudet Madelon Claudet
Marie Dressler Emma Emma Thatcher Smith
Lynn Fontanne The Guardsman The Actress
1932/33
6th Academy Awards
Katharine Hepburn Morning Glory Eva Lovelace
May Robson (2nd) Lady for a Day Apple Annie
Diana Wynyard (3rd) Cavalcade Jane Marryot
1934
7th Academy Awards
Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night Ellie Andrews
Grace Moore One Night of Love Mary Barrett
Norma Shearer (2nd) The Barretts of Wimpole Street Elizabeth Barrett
Bette Davis (write-in) (3rd) Of Human Bondage Mildred Rogers
1935
8th Academy Awards
Bette Davis Dangerous Joyce Heath
Elisabeth Bergner (3rd) Escape Me Never Gemma Jones
Claudette Colbert Private Worlds Jane Everest
Katharine Hepburn (2nd) Alice Adams Alice Adams
Miriam Hopkins Becky Sharp Becky Sharp
Merle Oberon The Dark Angel Kitty Vane
1936
9th Academy Awards
Luise Rainer The Great Ziegfeld Anna Held
Irene Dunne Theodora Goes Wild Theodora Lynn
Gladys George Valiant Is the Word for Carrie Carrie Snyder
Carole Lombard My Man Godfrey Irene Bullock
Norma Shearer Romeo and Juliet Juliet, Daughter to Capulet
1937
10th Academy Awards
Luise Rainer The Good Earth O-Lan
Irene Dunne The Awful Truth Lucy Warriner
Greta Garbo Camille Marguerite Gautier
Janet Gaynor A Star Is Born Esther Victoria Blodgett, aka Vicki Lester
Barbara Stanwyck Stella Dallas Stella Martin Dallas
1938
11th Academy Awards
Bette Davis Jezebel Julie Marsden
Fay Bainter White Banners Hannah Parmalee
Wendy Hiller Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle
Norma Shearer Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette
Margaret Sullavan Three Comrades Patricia 'Pat' Hollmann
1939
12th Academy Awards
Vivien Leigh Gone with the Wind Scarlett O'Hara
Bette Davis Dark Victory Judith Traherne
Irene Dunne Love Affair Terry McKay
Greta Garbo Ninotchka Nina Yakushova 'Ninotchka' Ivanoff
Greer Garson Goodbye, Mr. Chips Katherine

1940s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1940
13th Academy Awards
Ginger Rogers Kitty Foyle Kitty Foyle
Bette Davis The Letter Leslie Crosbie
Joan Fontaine Rebecca The Second Mrs. de Winter
Katharine Hepburn The Philadelphia Story Tracy Lord
Martha Scott Our Town Emily Webb
1941
14th Academy Awards
Joan Fontaine Suspicion Lina McLaidlaw Aysgarth
Bette Davis The Little Foxes Regina Giddens
Olivia de Havilland Hold Back the Dawn Emmy Brown
Greer Garson Blossoms in the Dust Edna Gladney
Barbara Stanwyck Ball of Fire Katherine 'Sugarpuss' O'Shea
1942
15th Academy Awards
Greer Garson Mrs. Miniver Kay Miniver
Bette Davis Now, Voyager Charlotte Vale
Katharine Hepburn Woman of the Year Tess Harding
Rosalind Russell My Sister Eileen Ruth Sherwood
Teresa Wright The Pride of the Yankees Eleanor Twitchell Gehrig
1943
16th Academy Awards
Jennifer Jones The Song of Bernadette Bernadette Soubirous
Jean Arthur The More the Merrier Constance "Connie" Milligan
Ingrid Bergman For Whom the Bell Tolls María
Joan Fontaine The Constant Nymph Tessa Sanger
Greer Garson Madame Curie Marie Curie
1944
17th Academy Awards
Ingrid Bergman Gaslight Paula Alquist Anton
Claudette Colbert Since You Went Away Anne Hilton
Bette Davis Mr. Skeffington Fanny Trellis
Greer Garson Mrs. Parkington Susie 'Sparrow' Parkington
Barbara Stanwyck Double Indemnity Phyllis Dietrichson
1945
18th Academy Awards
Joan Crawford Mildred Pierce Mildred Pierce Beragon
Ingrid Bergman The Bells of St. Mary's Sister Mary Benedict
Greer Garson The Valley of Decision Mary Rafferty
Jennifer Jones Love Letters Singleton
Gene Tierney Leave Her to Heaven Ellen Berent Harland
1946
19th Academy Awards
Olivia de Havilland To Each His Own Josephine 'Jody' Norris
Celia Johnson Brief Encounter Laura Jesson
Jennifer Jones Duel in the Sun Pearl Chavez
Rosalind Russell Sister Kenny Elizabeth Kenny
Jane Wyman The Yearling Orry Baxter
1947
20th Academy Awards
Loretta Young The Farmer's Daughter Katie Holstrom
Joan Crawford Possessed Louise Howell
Susan Hayward Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman Angelica Evans Conway
Dorothy McGuire Gentleman's Agreement Kathy Lacy
Rosalind Russell Mourning Becomes Electra Lavinia Mannon
1948
21st Academy Awards
Jane Wyman Johnny Belinda Belinda McDonald
Ingrid Bergman Joan of Arc Joan of Arc
Olivia de Havilland The Snake Pit Virginia Stuart Cunningham
Irene Dunne I Remember Mama Martha Hanson
Barbara Stanwyck Sorry, Wrong Number Leona Stevenson
1949
22nd Academy Awards
Olivia de Havilland The Heiress Catherine Sloper
Jeanne Crain Pinky Patricia 'Pinky' Johnson
Susan Hayward My Foolish Heart Eloise Winters
Deborah Kerr Edward, My Son Evelyn Boult
Loretta Young Come to the Stable Sister Margaret

1950s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1950
23rd Academy Awards
Judy Holliday Born Yesterday Emma 'Billie' Dawn
Anne Baxter All About Eve Eve Harrington
Bette Davis All About Eve Margo Channing
Eleanor Parker Caged Marie Allen
Gloria Swanson Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond
1951
24th Academy Awards
Vivien Leigh A Streetcar Named Desire Blanche DuBois
Katharine Hepburn The African Queen Rose Sayer
Eleanor Parker Detective Story Mary McLeod
Shelley Winters A Place in the Sun Alice Tripp
Jane Wyman The Blue Veil Louise Mason
1952
25th Academy Awards
Shirley Booth Come Back, Little Sheba Lola Delaney
Joan Crawford Sudden Fear Myra Hudson
Bette Davis The Star Margaret Elliot
Julie Harris The Member of the Wedding Frances 'Frankie' Addams
Susan Hayward With a Song in My Heart Jane Froman
1953
26th Academy Awards
Audrey Hepburn Roman Holiday Princess Ann
Leslie Caron Lili Lili Daurier
Ava Gardner Mogambo Eloise "Honey Bear" Kelly
Deborah Kerr From Here to Eternity Karen Holmes
Maggie McNamara The Moon Is Blue Patty O'Neill
1954
27th Academy Awards
Grace Kelly The Country Girl Georgie Elgin
Dorothy Dandridge Carmen Jones Carmen Jones
Judy Garland A Star is Born Vicki Lester / Esther Blodgett
Audrey Hepburn Sabrina Sabrina Fairchild
Jane Wyman Magnificent Obsession Helen Phillips
1955
28th Academy Awards
Anna Magnani The Rose Tattoo Serafina Delle Rose
Susan Hayward I'll Cry Tomorrow Lillian Roth
Katharine Hepburn Summertime Jane Hudson
Jennifer Jones Love is a Many-Splendored Thing Han Suyin
Eleanor Parker Interrupted Melody Marjorie 'Margie' Lawrence
1956
29th Academy Awards
Ingrid Bergman Anastasia Anna Koreff / Anastasia
Carroll Baker Baby Doll Baby Doll Meighan
Katharine Hepburn The Rainmaker Lizzie Curry
Nancy Kelly The Bad Seed Christine Penmark
Deborah Kerr The King and I Anna Leonowens
1957
30th Academy Awards
Joanne Woodward The Three Faces of Eve Eve White / Eve Black / Jane
Deborah Kerr Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison Sister Angela
Anna Magnani Wild Is the Wind Gioia
Elizabeth Taylor Raintree County Susanna Drake
Lana Turner Peyton Place Constance MacKenzie
1958
31st Academy Awards
Susan Hayward I Want to Live! Barbara Graham
Deborah Kerr Separate Tables Sibyl Railton-Bell
Shirley MacLaine Some Came Running Ginnie Moorehead
Rosalind Russell Auntie Mame Mame Dennis
Elizabeth Taylor Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Margaret 'Maggie the Cat' Pollitt
1959
32nd Academy Awards
Simone Signoret Room at the Top Alice Aisgill
Doris Day Pillow Talk Jan Morrow
Audrey Hepburn The Nun's Story Sister Luke (Gabrielle van der Mal)
Katharine Hepburn Suddenly, Last Summer Violet Venable
Elizabeth Taylor Suddenly, Last Summer Catherine Holly

1960s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1960
33rd Academy Awards
Elizabeth Taylor BUtterfield 8 Gloria Wandrous
Greer Garson Sunrise at Campobello Eleanor Roosevelt
Deborah Kerr The Sundowners Ida Carmody
Shirley MacLaine The Apartment Fran Kubelik
Melina Mercouri Never on Sunday Ilya
1961
34th Academy Awards
Sophia Loren Two Women Cesira
Audrey Hepburn Breakfast at Tiffany's Holly Golightly
Piper Laurie The Hustler Sarah Packard
Geraldine Page Summer and Smoke Alma Winemiller
Natalie Wood Splendor in the Grass Wilma Dean 'Deanie' Loomis
1962
35th Academy Awards
Anne Bancroft The Miracle Worker Annie Sullivan
Bette Davis What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? Baby Jane Hudson
Katharine Hepburn Long Day's Journey Into Night Mary Tyrone
Geraldine Page Sweet Bird of Youth Alexandra Del Lago
Lee Remick Days of Wine and Roses Kirsten Arnesen Clay
1963
36th Academy Awards
Patricia Neal Hud Alma Brown
Leslie Caron The L-Shaped Room Jane Fossett
Shirley MacLaine Irma la Douce Irma La Douce
Rachel Roberts This Sporting Life Margaret Hammond
Natalie Wood Love with the Proper Stranger Angie Rossini
1964
37th Academy Awards
Julie Andrews Mary Poppins Mary Poppins
Anne Bancroft The Pumpkin Eater Jo Armitage
Sophia Loren Marriage Italian-Style Filumena Marturano
Debbie Reynolds The Unsinkable Molly Brown Molly Brown
Kim Stanley Séance on a Wet Afternoon Myra Savage
1965
38th Academy Awards
Julie Christie Darling Diana Scott
Julie Andrews The Sound of Music Maria von Trapp
Samantha Eggar The Collector Miranda Grey
Elizabeth Hartman A Patch of Blue Selina D'Arcy
Simone Signoret Ship of Fools La Contessa
1966
39th Academy Awards
Elizabeth Taylor Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Martha
Anouk Aimée A Man and a Woman Anne Gauthier
Ida Kaminska The Shop on Main Street Rozalie Lautmann
Lynn Redgrave Georgy Girl Georgina 'Georgy' Parkin
Vanessa Redgrave Morgan! Leonie Delt
1967
40th Academy Awards
Katharine Hepburn Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Christina Drayton
Anne Bancroft The Graduate Mrs. Robinson
Faye Dunaway Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie Parker
Edith Evans The Whisperers Maggie Ross
Audrey Hepburn Wait Until Dark Susy Hendrix
1968
41st Academy Awards
Katharine Hepburn (tie) The Lion in Winter Eleanor of Aquitaine
Barbra Streisand (tie) Funny Girl Fanny Brice
Patricia Neal The Subject was Roses Nettie Cleary
Vanessa Redgrave Isadora Isadora Duncan
Joanne Woodward Rachel, Rachel Rachel Cameron
1969
42nd Academy Awards
Maggie Smith The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie Jean Brodie
Geneviève Bujold Anne of the Thousand Days Anne Boleyn
Jane Fonda They Shoot Horses, Don't They? Gloria Beatty
Liza Minnelli The Sterile Cuckoo Mary Ann 'Pookie' Adams
Jean Simmons The Happy Ending Mary Wilson

1970s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1970
43rd Academy Awards
Glenda Jackson Women in Love Gudrun Brangwen
Jane Alexander The Great White Hope Eleanor Backman
Ali MacGraw Love Story Jennifer Cavalleri
Sarah Miles Ryan's Daughter Rosy Ryan
Carrie Snodgress Diary of a Mad Housewife Bettina "Tina" Balser
1971
44th Academy Awards
Jane Fonda Klute Bree Daniels
Julie Christie McCabe & Mrs. Miller Constance Miller
Glenda Jackson Sunday Bloody Sunday Alex Greville
Vanessa Redgrave Mary, Queen of Scots Mary, Queen of Scots
Janet Suzman Nicholas and Alexandra Empress Alexandra of Russia
1972
45th Academy Awards
Liza Minnelli Cabaret Sally Bowles
Diana Ross Lady Sings the Blues Billie Holiday
Maggie Smith Travels with My Aunt Augusta Bertram
Cicely Tyson Sounder Rebecca Morgan
Liv Ullmann The Emigrants Kristina
1973
46th Academy Awards
Glenda Jackson A Touch of Class Vicki Allessio
Ellen Burstyn The Exorcist Chris MacNeil
Marsha Mason Cinderella Liberty Maggie Paul
Barbra Streisand The Way We Were Katie Morosky
Joanne Woodward Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams Rita Walden
1974
47th Academy Awards
Ellen Burstyn Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Alice Hyatt
Diahann Carroll Claudine Claudine Price
Faye Dunaway Chinatown Evelyn Cross Mulwray
Valerie Perrine Lenny Honey Bruce
Gena Rowlands A Woman Under the Influence Mabel Longhetti
1975
48th Academy Awards
Louise Fletcher One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Nurse Mildred Ratched
Isabelle Adjani The Story of Adele H. Adèle Hugo / Adèle Lewry
Ann-Margret Tommy Nora Walker
Glenda Jackson Hedda Hedda Gabler
Carol Kane Hester Street Gitl
1976
49th Academy Awards
Faye Dunaway Network Diana Christensen
Marie-Christine Barrault Cousin Cousine Marthe
Talia Shire Rocky Adrian Pennino
Sissy Spacek Carrie Carrie White
Liv Ullmann Face to Face Dr. Jenny Isaksson
1977
50th Academy Awards
Diane Keaton Annie Hall Annie Hall
Anne Bancroft The Turning Point Emma Jacklin
Jane Fonda Julia Lillian Hellman
Shirley MacLaine The Turning Point Deedee Rodgers
Marsha Mason The Goodbye Girl Paula McFadden
1978
51st Academy Awards
Jane Fonda Coming Home Sally Hyde
Ingrid Bergman Autumn Sonata Charlotte Andergast
Ellen Burstyn Same Time, Next Year Doris
Jill Clayburgh An Unmarried Woman Erica Benton
Geraldine Page Interiors Eve
1979
52nd Academy Awards
Sally Field Norma Rae Norma Rae Webster
Jill Clayburgh Starting Over Marilyn Holmberg
Jane Fonda The China Syndrome Kimberly Wells
Marsha Mason Chapter Two Jennie MacLaine
Bette Midler The Rose Mary Rose Foster

1980s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1980
53rd Academy Awards
Sissy Spacek Coal Miner's Daughter Loretta Lynn
Ellen Burstyn Resurrection Edna Mae McCauley
Goldie Hawn Private Benjamin Pvt. Judy Benjamin
Mary Tyler Moore Ordinary People Beth Jarrett
Gena Rowlands Gloria Gloria Swenson
1981
54th Academy Awards
Katharine Hepburn On Golden Pond Ethel Thayer
Diane Keaton Reds Louise Bryant
Marsha Mason Only When I Laugh Georgia Hines
Susan Sarandon Atlantic City Sally Matthews
Meryl Streep The French Lieutenant's Woman Anna / Sara Woodruff
1982
55th Academy Awards
Meryl Streep Sophie's Choice Sophie Zawistowska
Julie Andrews Victor Victoria Victoria Grant
Jessica Lange Frances Frances Farmer
Sissy Spacek Missing Beth Horman
Debra Winger An Officer and a Gentleman Paula Pokrifki
1983
56th Academy Awards
Shirley MacLaine Terms of Endearment Aurora Greenway
Jane Alexander Testament Carol Wetherly
Meryl Streep Silkwood Karen Silkwood
Julie Walters Educating Rita Rita
Debra Winger Terms of Endearment Emma Greenway Horton
1984
57th Academy Awards
Sally Field Places in the Heart Edna Spalding
Judy Davis A Passage to India Adela Quested
Jessica Lange Country Jewell Ivy
Vanessa Redgrave The Bostonians Olive Chancellor
Sissy Spacek The River Mae Garvey
1985
58th Academy Awards
Geraldine Page The Trip to Bountiful Carrie Watts
Anne Bancroft Agnes of God Mother Miriam Ruth
Whoopi Goldberg The Color Purple Celie Harris Johnson
Jessica Lange Sweet Dreams Patsy Cline
Meryl Streep Out of Africa Karen Blixen
1986
59th Academy Awards
Marlee Matlin Children of a Lesser God Sarah Norman
Jane Fonda The Morning After Alex Sternbergen
Sissy Spacek Crimes of the Heart Babe Magrath
Kathleen Turner Peggy Sue Got Married Peggy Sue Bodell
Sigourney Weaver Aliens Ellen Ripley
1987
60th Academy Awards
Cher Moonstruck Loretta Castorini
Glenn Close Fatal Attraction Alex Forrest
Holly Hunter Broadcast News Jane Craig
Sally Kirkland Anna Anna
Meryl Streep Ironweed Helen Archer
1988
61st Academy Awards
Jodie Foster The Accused Sarah Tobias
Glenn Close Dangerous Liaisons Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil
Melanie Griffith Working Girl Tess McGill
Meryl Streep A Cry in the Dark Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton
Sigourney Weaver Gorillas in the Mist Dian Fossey
1989
62nd Academy Awards
Jessica Tandy Driving Miss Daisy Daisy Werthan
Isabelle Adjani Camille Claudel Camille Claudel
Pauline Collins Shirley Valentine Shirley Valentine-Bradshaw
Jessica Lange Music Box Ann Talbot
Michelle Pfeiffer The Fabulous Baker Boys Susie Diamond

1990s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
1990
63rd Academy Awards
Kathy Bates Misery Annie Wilkes
Anjelica Huston The Grifters Lilly Dillon
Julia Roberts Pretty Woman Vivian Ward
Meryl Streep Postcards from the Edge Suzanne Vale
Joanne Woodward Mr. & Mrs. Bridge India Bridge
1991
64th Academy Awards
Jodie Foster The Silence of the Lambs Clarice Starling
Geena Davis Thelma & Louise Thelma Dickinson
Laura Dern Rambling Rose Rose
Bette Midler For the Boys Dixie Leonard
Susan Sarandon Thelma & Louise Louise Sawyer
1992
65th Academy Awards
Emma Thompson Howards End Margaret Schlegel
Catherine Deneuve Indochine Eliane Devries
Mary McDonnell Passion Fish May-Alice Culhane
Michelle Pfeiffer Love Field Lurene Hallett
Susan Sarandon Lorenzo's Oil Michaela Odone
1993
66th Academy Awards
Holly Hunter The Piano Ada McGrath
Angela Bassett What's Love Got to Do with It Tina Turner
Stockard Channing Six Degrees of Separation Ouisa Kittredge
Emma Thompson The Remains of the Day Sarah "Sally" Kenton
Debra Winger Shadowlands Joy Gresham
1994
67th Academy Awards
Jessica Lange Blue Sky Carly Marshall
Jodie Foster Nell Nell Kellty
Miranda Richardson Tom & Viv Vivienne Haigh-Wood
Winona Ryder Little Women Jo March
Susan Sarandon The Client Reggie Love
1995
68th Academy Awards
Susan Sarandon Dead Man Walking Sister Helen Prejean
Elisabeth Shue Leaving Las Vegas Sera
Sharon Stone Casino Ginger McKenna
Meryl Streep The Bridges of Madison County Francesca Johnson
Emma Thompson Sense and Sensibility Elinor Dashwood
1996
69th Academy Awards
Frances McDormand Fargo Marge Gunderson
Brenda Blethyn Secrets & Lies Cynthia Rose Purley
Diane Keaton Marvin's Room Bessie
Kristin Scott Thomas The English Patient Katharine Clifton
Emily Watson Breaking the Waves Bess McNeill
1997
70th Academy Awards
Helen Hunt As Good as It Gets Carol Connelly
Helena Bonham Carter The Wings of the Dove Kate Croy
Julie Christie Afterglow Phyllis Mann
Judi Dench Mrs. Brown Queen Victoria
Kate Winslet Titanic Rose DeWitt Bukater
1998
71st Academy Awards
Gwyneth Paltrow Shakespeare in Love Viola De Lesseps
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth Queen Elizabeth I of England
Fernanda Montenegro Central Station Dora
Meryl Streep One True Thing Kate Gulden
Emily Watson Hilary and Jackie Jacqueline du Pré
1999
72nd Academy Awards
Hilary Swank Boys Don't Cry Brandon Teena
Annette Bening American Beauty Carolyn Burnham
Janet McTeer Tumbleweeds Mary Jo Walker
Julianne Moore The End of the Affair Sarah Miles
Meryl Streep Music of the Heart Roberta Guaspari

2000s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
2000
73rd Academy Awards
Julia Roberts Erin Brockovich Erin Brockovich
Joan Allen The Contender Laine Hanson
Juliette Binoche Chocolat Vianne Rocher
Ellen Burstyn Requiem for a Dream Sara Goldfarb
Laura Linney You Can Count on Me Sammy Prescott
2001
74th Academy Awards
Halle Berry Monster's Ball Leticia Musgrove
Judi Dench Iris Iris Murdoch
Nicole Kidman Moulin Rouge! Satine
Sissy Spacek In the Bedroom Ruth Fowler
Renée Zellweger Bridget Jones's Diary Bridget Jones
2002
75th Academy Awards
Nicole Kidman The Hours Virginia Woolf
Salma Hayek Frida Frida Kahlo
Diane Lane Unfaithful Constance 'Connie' Sumner
Julianne Moore Far from Heaven Cathy Whitaker
Renée Zellweger Chicago Roxie Hart
2003
76th Academy Awards
Charlize Theron Monster Aileen Wuornos
Keisha Castle-Hughes Whale Rider Paikea Apirana
Diane Keaton Something's Gotta Give Erika Berry
Samantha Morton In America Sarah Sullivan
Naomi Watts 21 Grams Cristina "Cris" (Williams) Peck
2004
77th Academy Awards
Hilary Swank Million Dollar Baby Maggie Fitzgerald
Annette Bening Being Julia Julia Lambert
Catalina Sandino Moreno Maria Full of Grace María Álvarez
Imelda Staunton Vera Drake Vera Rose Drake
Kate Winslet Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Clementine Kruczynski
2005
78th Academy Awards
Reese Witherspoon Walk the Line June Carter
Judi Dench Mrs Henderson Presents Laura Henderson
Felicity Huffman Transamerica Sabrina "Bree" Osbourne
Keira Knightley Pride & Prejudice Elizabeth Bennet
Charlize Theron North Country Josey Aimes
2006
79th Academy Awards
Helen Mirren The Queen Queen Elizabeth II
Penélope Cruz Volver Raimunda
Judi Dench Notes on a Scandal Barbara Covett
Meryl Streep The Devil Wears Prada Miranda Priestly
Kate Winslet Little Children Sarah Pierce
2007
80th Academy Awards
Marion Cotillard La Vie en Rose Édith Piaf
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth: The Golden Age Queen Elizabeth I of England
Julie Christie Away from Her Fiona Anderson
Laura Linney The Savages Wendy Savage
Ellen Page Juno Juno MacGuff
2008
81st Academy Awards
Kate Winslet The Reader Hanna Schmitz
Anne Hathaway Rachel Getting Married Kym Buchman
Angelina Jolie Changeling Christine Collins
Melissa Leo Frozen River Ray Eddy
Meryl Streep Doubt Aloysius Beauvier
2009
82nd Academy Awards
Sandra Bullock The Blind Side Leigh Anne Tuohy
Helen Mirren The Last Station Sophia Tolstaya
Carey Mulligan An Education Jenny Mellor
Gabourey Sidibe Precious Claireece "Precious" Jones
Meryl Streep Julie & Julia Julia Child

2010s[edit]

Year Actress Film Character
2010
83rd Academy Awards
Natalie Portman Black Swan Nina Sayers
Annette Bening The Kids Are All Right Nic
Nicole Kidman Rabbit Hole Becca Corbett
Jennifer Lawrence Winter's Bone Ree Dolly
Michelle Williams Blue Valentine Cynthia "Cindy" Heller
2011
84th Academy Awards
Meryl Streep The Iron Lady Margaret Thatcher
Glenn Close Albert Nobbs Albert Nobbs
Viola Davis The Help Aibileen Clark
Rooney Mara The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Lisbeth Salander
Michelle Williams My Week with Marilyn Marilyn Monroe
2012
85th Academy Awards
Jennifer Lawrence Silver Linings Playbook Tiffany Maxwell
Jessica Chastain Zero Dark Thirty Maya
Emmanuelle Riva Amour Anne Laurent
Quvenzhané Wallis Beasts of the Southern Wild Hushpuppy
Naomi Watts The Impossible Maria Bennett
2013
86th Academy Awards
Cate Blanchett Blue Jasmine Jeanette "Jasmine" Francis
Amy Adams American Hustle Sydney Prosser / Edith Greensly
Sandra Bullock Gravity Ryan Stone
Judi Dench Philomena Philomena Lee
Meryl Streep August: Osage County Violet Weston

Life expectancy of winners[edit]

In 2001 Donald A. Redelmeier and Sheldon M. Singh published a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine in which they found that

"Winning an Academy Award was associated with a large gain in life expectancy for actors and actresses... Winning an Academy Award can increase a performer’s stature and may add to their longevity. The absolute difference in life expectancy is about equal to the societal consequence of curing all cancers in all people for all time (22, 23). Moreover, movie stars who have won multiple Academy Awards have a survival advantage of 6.0 years (CI, 0.7 to 11.3 years) over performers with multiple films but no victories. Formal education is not the only way to improve health, and strict poverty is not the only way to worsen health. The main implication is that higher status may be linked to lower mortality rates even at very impressive levels of achievement."[1]

The authors did an update to 29 March 2006 in which they found 122 more individuals and 144 more deaths since their first publication. Their unadjusted analysis showed a smaller survival advantage of 3.6 years for winners compared to their fellow nominees and costars in the films in which their performance garnered them their award.[2] However, in a 2006 published study by Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, MSc, Ella Huszti, MSc, and James A. Hanley, PhD, the authors found:

"The statistical method used to derive this statistically significant difference gave winners an unfair advantage because it credited an Oscar winner's years of life before winning toward survival subsequent to winning. When the authors of the current article reanalyzed the data using methods that avoided this "immortal time" bias, the survival advantage was closer to 1 year and was not statistically significant. The bias in Redelmeier and Singh's study is not limited to longevity comparisons of persons who reach different ranks within their profession."[3]

International presence[edit]

As the Academy Awards are based in the United States and are centered on the Hollywood film industry, the majority of Academy Award winners have been Americans. Nonetheless, there is significant international presence at the awards, as evidenced by the following list of winners for the Academy Award for Best Actress.

There have been two years in which all four of the top acting Academy Awards were presented to non-Americans.

Multiple awards for Best Actress[edit]

Four awards

Katharine Hepburn

Two awards
  • Ingrid Bergman
  • Bette Davis
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Sally Field
  • Jane Fonda
  • Jodie Foster
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Luise Rainer
  • Meryl Streep
  • Hilary Swank
  • Elizabeth Taylor

Multiple nominations for Best Actress[edit]

Fifteen nominations
Twelve nominations
Ten nominations
Seven nominations
Six nominations
Five nominations
Four nominations
Three nominations
Two nominations[4]
Notes
  • Bette Davis has ten nominations. Her performance in Of Human Bondage was not nominated for an Oscar. Several influential people at the time campaigned to have her name included on the list, so for that year (and the following year also) the Academy relaxed its rules and allowed a write-in vote. Technically this meant that any performance was eligible, however, the Academy does not officially recognize this as a nomination for Davis.
  • Rules at the time of the 3rd Academy Awards allowed for a performer to earn a single nomination which could honor their work in more than one film. For this reason, the Academy credits Norma Shearer with a total of 5 nominations, with her two mentions at the 3rd Oscar ceremony counting as one nomination.[5] No official reason was ever given as to why Shearer was named Best Actress that year for only one of the two films for which she was listed.[6] Greta Garbo's two mentions at the same ceremony also count as a single nomination.

Multiple nominations for Best Actress without winning[edit]

6 nominations
  • Deborah Kerr
5 nominations
  • Irene Dunne
  • Judi Dench
4 nominations
  • Marsha Mason
  • Vanessa Redgrave
  • Rosalind Russell
  • Barbara Stanwyck
3 nominations
  • Annette Bening
  • Glenn Close
  • Greta Garbo
  • Eleanor Parker
  • Gloria Swanson
  • Debra Winger
2 nominations
  • Isabelle Adjani
  • Jane Alexander
  • Leslie Caron
  • Ruth Chatterton
  • Jill Clayburgh
  • Laura Linney
  • Bette Midler
  • Julianne Moore
  • Michelle Pfeiffer
  • Gena Rowlands
  • Liv Ullmann
  • Emily Watson
  • Naomi Watts
  • Sigourney Weaver
  • Michelle Williams
  • Natalie Wood
  • Renée Zellweger

Notes:

  • Judi Dench, Vanessa Redgrave and Renée Zellweger have all won the Best Supporting Actress Oscar.
  • Greta Garbo, Deborah Kerr and Barbara Stanwyck all received an Honorary Oscar, while Rosalind Russell received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.

Multiple awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress combined[edit]

4 awards[4]
  • Katharine Hepburn
3 awards
  • Ingrid Bergman
  • Meryl Streep
2 awards
  • Cate Blanchett
  • Bette Davis
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Sally Field
  • Jane Fonda
  • Jodie Foster
  • Helen Hayes
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Jessica Lange
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Luise Rainer
  • Maggie Smith
  • Hilary Swank
  • Elizabeth Taylor
  • Dianne Wiest
  • Shelley Winters

Note: Ingrid Bergman, Cate Blanchett, Helen Hayes, Jessica Lange, Maggie Smith and Meryl Streep have won Oscars in both the Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress categories, while Dianne Wiest and Shelley Winters have both won two Best Supporting Actress Oscars.

Multiple nominations for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress combined[edit]

18 nominations[4]

Meryl Streep

12 nominations

Katharine Hepburn

10 nominations

Bette Davis

8 nominations

Geraldine Page

7 nominations
  • Ingrid Bergman
  • Judi Dench
  • Jane Fonda
  • Greer Garson
6 nominations
  • Cate Blanchett
  • Ellen Burstyn
  • Glenn Close
  • Deborah Kerr
  • Jessica Lange
  • Vanessa Redgrave
  • Thelma Ritter
  • Sissy Spacek
  • Maggie Smith
  • Kate Winslet
5 nominations
  • Amy Adams
  • Anne Bancroft
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Irene Dunne
  • Susan Hayward
  • Audrey Hepburn
  • Jennifer Jones
  • Shirley MacLaine
  • Susan Sarandon
  • Norma Shearer
  • Elizabeth Taylor
4 nominations
  • Jane Alexander
  • Ethel Barrymore
  • Annette Bening
  • Julie Christie
  • Jodie Foster
  • Lee Grant
  • Holly Hunter
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Diane Keaton
  • Marsha Mason
  • Frances McDormand
  • Helen Mirren
  • Julianne Moore
  • Agnes Moorehead
  • Julia Roberts
  • Rosalind Russell
  • Barbara Stanwyck
  • Maureen Stapleton
  • Emma Thompson
  • Shelley Winters
  • Joanne Woodward
  • Jane Wyman
3 nominations
  • Joan Allen
  • Julie Andrews
  • Fay Bainter
  • Kathy Bates
  • Claudette Colbert
  • Gladys Cooper
  • Joan Crawford
  • Penélope Cruz
  • Faye Dunaway
  • Edith Evans
  • Sally Field
  • Joan Fontaine
  • Greta Garbo
  • Wendy Hiller
  • Celeste Holm
  • Anjelica Huston
  • Nicole Kidman
  • Diane Ladd
  • Angela Lansbury
  • Piper Laurie
  • Jennifer Lawrence
  • Laura Linney
  • Eleanor Parker
  • Michelle Pfeiffer
  • Anne Revere
  • Gloria Swanson
  • Marisa Tomei
  • Claire Trever
  • Sigourney Weaver
  • Dianne Wiest
  • Michelle Williams
  • Debra Winger
  • Natalie Wood
  • Teresa Wright
  • Renée Zellweger
2 nominations
  • Isabelle Adjani
  • Ann-Margret
  • Anne Baxter
  • Juliette Binoche
  • Brenda Blethyn
  • Beulah Bondi
  • Helena Bonham-Carter
  • Alice Brady
  • Sandra Bullock
  • Dyan Cannon
  • Leslie Caron
  • Jessica Chastain
  • Ruth Chatterton
  • Cher
  • Jill Clayburgh
  • Joan Cusack
  • Geena Davis
  • Judy Davis
  • Viola Davis
  • Marlene Dietrich
  • Melinda Dillon
  • Mildred Dunnock
  • Judy Garland
  • Janet Gaynor
  • Whoopi Goldberg
  • Ruth Gordon
  • Gloria Grahame
  • Marcia Gay Harden
  • Anne Hathaway
  • Goldie Hawn
  • Eileen Heckart
  • Helen Hunt
  • Angelina Jolie
  • Madeline Kahn
  • Catherine Keener
  • Grace Kelly
  • Shirley Knight
  • Elsa Lanchester
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Melissa Leo
  • Sophia Loren
  • Anna Magnani
  • Mercedes McCambridge
  • Mary McDonnell
  • Janet McTeer
  • Bette Midler
  • Sylvia Miles
  • Liza Minnelli
  • Samantha Morton
  • Maria Ouspenskaya
  • Estelle Parsons
  • Natalie Portman
  • Marjorie Rambeau
  • Lynn Redgrave
  • Joyce Redman
  • Miranda Richardson
  • Gena Rowlands
  • Winona Ryder
  • Talia Shire
  • Simone Signoret
  • Jean Simmons
  • Gale Sondergaard
  • Kim Stanley
  • Barbra Streisand
  • Hilary Swank
  • Jessica Tandy
  • Charlize Theron
  • Liv Ullmann
  • Julie Walters
  • Naomi Watts
  • Jacki Weaver
  • May Whitty
  • Loretta Young

Notes:

Twenty three of the two-time nominees received both nominations for Best Supporting Actress. All three nominations received by Cooper, Holm, Ladd, Lansbury, Revere, Tomei, Trevor and Wiest, as well as all four received by Barrymore, Grant, and Moorehead and all six received by Ritter, were also all in the Supporting Actress category.

Including non-acting categories Barbra Streisand has a total of five Oscar nominations, winning two, Best Actress (1968) & Best Original Song (1976). Emma Thompson has also received a total of five nominations, winning two, Best Actress (1992) & Best Adapted Screenplay (1995). Dyan Cannon and Shirley MacLaine have both received one additional nomination in a non-acting category, while Ruth Gordon has received three.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redelmeier, Donald A. & Singh, Sheldon M. (15 May 2001), "Survival in Academy Award–Winning Actors and Actresses", Annals of Internal Medicine: 961, retrieved 14 Jan 2009 
  2. ^ Redelmeier, Donald A. & Singh, Sheldon M. (5 Sep 2006), "Reanalysis of Survival of Oscar Winners", Annals of Internal Medicine: 392, retrieved 14 Jan 2009 
  3. ^ Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre, Huszti, Ella & Hanley, James A. (5 Sep 2006), "Do Oscar Winners Live Longer than Less Successful Peers? A Reanalysis of the Evidence", Annals of Internal Medicine: 361, retrieved 14 Jan 2009 
  4. ^ a b c Session Timeout - Academy Awards
  5. ^ http://www.awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/help/helpMain.jsp?helpContentURL=statistics/indexStats.html
  6. ^ http://www.awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp.?curTime=1373941459834

External links[edit]