Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna

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Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna
Accademia di belle arti di Bologna
Established 1802 (1802)
Type academy of art
President Alessandro Fiumi
Director Mauro Mazzali
Students 1450 (2012)
Location Bologna, Italy
Coordinates: 45°28′19.20″N 9°11′16.43″E / 45.4720000°N 9.1878972°E / 45.4720000; 9.1878972
Campus Via Belle Arti 54, 40126 Bologna
Former names
  • Accademia Clementina
  • Accademia Nazionale di Belle Arti di Bologna
  • Reale Accademia di Belle Arti
  • Accademia Pontificia di Belle Arti
  • Regia Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna
Website www.ababo.it

The Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna ("academy of fine arts of Bologna") is a public tertiary academy of fine art in Bologna, in Emilia-Romagna, central Italy.[1] It has a campus in Cesena, Italy.

Giorgio Morandi taught engraving at the Accademia for more than 25 years.[2]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The earliest art academy documented in Bologna was the Accademia dei Desiderosi, later known as the Accademia degli Incamminati, founded in or before 1582 by Ludovico, Agostino and Annibale Carracci, and sometimes known also as the Accademia dei Carracci.[3][4][5]

In 1706 Giampietro Zanotti and other artists met at Palazzo Fava to establish a new academy.[5] The Accademia dei Pittori was inaugurated in the house of Luigi Ferdinando Marsili on 2 January 1710;[6] the statute was approved by pope Clement XI in October 1711, and the academy took the name Accademia Clementina.[2] It became part of the Istituto delle Scienze e Arti Liberali founded with the support of the pope by Marsili on 12 December 1711, which in 1714 changed its name to Accademia delle scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna.[6] The Accademia Clementina occupied one floor of Palazzo Poggi, at that time known as Palazzo Cellesi; the Accademia delle Scienze was on the floor above, and the Specola, or astronomical observatory, above that.[7]

Carlo Cignani and Donato Creti taught at the Accademia Clementina, as did three members of the Galli family of set designers from Bibbiena in the Casentino: Ferdinando, Francesco and Giuseppe. Other artists associated with the academy include Vittorio Bigari, Gaetano Gandolfi, Ercole Lelli, Francesco Rosaspina and Angelo Venturoli.[5]

The Accademia Clementina was suppressed in 1796 after the Napoleonic invasion of Italy.[2]

The Accademia di Belle Arti[edit]

In 1802 the Napoleonic administration founded a new academy, the Accademia Nazionale di Belle Arti di Bologna, in the buildings of the former Jesuit church and convent of Sant'Ignazio, built by Alfonso Torreggiani between 1728 and 1735.[5] The name was changed in 1805 to Reale Accademia di Belle Arti;[8] in 1815, following the fall of Napoleon and the return of papal authority, the academy was again renamed, to Accademia Pontificia di Belle Arti.[5] After the unification of Italy it became the Regia Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna.

In 1882 administration of the Pinacoteca, the art collection of the academy, was separated from that of the school, and handed over to the Direzione delle Antichità e Belle Arti (now the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali). The two institutions continued to share the same building.[8]

With the educational reforms of Giovanni Gentile in 1923, the academy ceased all secondary education and became a tertiary-level institution; architecture courses were transferred to the University of Bologna.[5]

Like other state art academies in Italy, the Accademia of Bologna became an autonomous degree-awarding institution under law no. 508 dated 21 December 1999,[9] and falls under the Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca, the Italian ministry of education and research.[10]

The new Accademia Clementina[edit]

The Accademia Clementina was re-founded as a learned society in 1931.[5] It shares the premises of the Accademia, and has three classes of membership: honorary members; "effective members, who are the teaching staff of the Accademia; and correspondent members.[11] It publishes a journal, the Accademia Clementina. Atti e Memorie.[5]

Alumni[edit]

Alumni of the Accademia include Oreste Carpi, Milton Glaser and Carlo Rambaldi.

Controversy[edit]

In December 2008 students of the academy occupied it for a week; an eighteenth-century plaster cast was broken.[12]

On 18 December 2009 the Regional Administrative Court of Emilia-Romagna has upheld the appeal filed by Cesare Pacitti against the nomination of Mauro Mazzali as director, for violation of the law 132/03, which prohibits the governing bodies of institutions of AFAM to achieve more than two consecutive terms. The ministry has nominated to these reasons the former director of the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence, Giuseppe Andreani, Ministerial Commissioner until 31 October 2010.[citation needed]

On 30 July 2010 Adriano Baccilieri was elected director, due to unexpected age limits in October of the following year, Mauro Mazzali.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Introduction – Accademia Belle Arti Bologna. The Saatchi Gallery (but actually self-published content from the Accademia). Accessed May 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Fabia Farneta ([after 2010]). Storia dell'Accademia di Bologna 1711–2011 (in Italian). Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna. Accessed May 2014.
  3. ^ Claudio Strinati (2001). Annibale Carracci (in Italian). Firenze: Giunti Editore. ISBN 9788809020511. p. 8.
  4. ^ Carracci, Annibale (in Italian). Treccani: Enciclopedie on line. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed May 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Michelangelo L. Giumanini (n.d.). Accademia Clementina (in Italian). Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna. Archived 26 December 2002.
  6. ^ a b Giuseppe Gullino, Cesare Preti (2007). Marsili, Luigi Ferdinando (in Italian). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, volume 70. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed May 2014.
  7. ^ Giorgio Dragoni (1993). "Marsigli, Benedict XIV and the Bolognese Institute of Sciences", in Judith Veronica Field, Frank A J L James (1993). Renaissance and Revolution: Humanists, Scholars, Craftsmen and Natural Philosophers in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521434270. p. 229–238.
  8. ^ a b Fabia Farneta ([c. 2002]). Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna: La Storia (in Italian). Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna. Archived 25 December 2002.
  9. ^ Legge 21 dicembre 1999, n.508: Riforma delle Accademie di belle arti, dell'Accademia nazionale di danza, dell'Accademia nazionale di arte drammatica, degli Istituti superiori per le industrie artistiche, dei Conservatori di musica e degli Istituti musicali pareggiati. (in Italian). Gazzetta Ufficiale, 4 gennaio 2000 n.2. Accessed May 2014.
  10. ^ Accademie di belle arti (in Italian). Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca: AFAM – Alta Formazione Artistica, Musicale e Coreutica. Accessed May 2014.
  11. ^ Accademia Clementina: elenco delle cariche e degli Accademici (in Italian). Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna. Archived 3 January 2003.
  12. ^ Maria Chiara Grandis (13 December 2008). Accademia, rotta statua del '700: l' occupazione finisce malissimo (in Italian). La Repubblica. Accessed May 2014

Further reading[edit]

  • Giampietro Zanotti (1739). Storia dell'Accademia Clementina di Bologna aggregata all'Instituto delle scienze e dell'arti. Bologna: Lelio dalla Volpe. Two volumes: volume 1, books 1 and 2; volume 2, books 3 and 4.
  • Andrea Emiliani, Eugenio Riccòmini (1979). L'arte del Settecento emiliano. La Pittura. L'Accademia Clementina (exhibition catalogue). Bologna: Edizioni Alfa.
  • Andrea Emiliani (1982). Il Politecnico delle arti: un libro bianco per la Pinacoteca nazionale e l'Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna: belle arti, beaux arts, 1789-1989. Bologna: Nuova Alfa.
  • Stefano Benassi (1988). L'Accademia clementina: la funzione pubblica, l'ideologia estetica. Bologna: Nuova Alfa.
  • Fabia Farneti, Vincenza Riccardi Scassellati (1997). L'Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna. Fiesole: Nardini.
  • Michelangelo L. Giumanini (2002). Tra disegno e scienza: gli studenti dell'Accademia di belle arti di Bologna, 1803–1876. Bologna: Minerva.
  • Maria Luigia Pagliani (2003). L'orma del bello: i calchi di statue antiche nell'Accademia di belle arti di Bologna. Argelato (BO): Minerva.
  • Giuseppe Lipparini (2003). L'Accademia di belle arti di Bologna [e l'Accademia Clementina di Bologna]: nel secondo centenario dell'Accademia di belle arti di Bologna: 1803–2003. Bologna: Minerva; previously published as La Regia Accademia di belle arti di Bologna, Firenze: Le Monnier, 1941.