Turkmen Academy of Sciences

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Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan
Established 1951
President Gurbanmyrat Mezilov
Location Ashgabat
Website http://www.science.gov.tm/en/

The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan was founded in 1951. It was closed under president Saparmurat Niyazov, but was opened again with the instruction of his successor, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow.

Structure[edit]

The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has the following functional structure. Three departments [1]

  • Humanitarian and economic sciences department;
  • Physical and mathematical, chemical, geological and engineering sciences department;
  • Medical, biological and agricultural sciences department.
ACADEMY of SCIENCES of TURKMENISTAN from the first established structure till nowadays

The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan is the state body which primary task is to ensure the practical realization of scientific and technical politics.

[En English]: The Academy of Sciences of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic was established in June 1951 on the basis of the Foundation of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union. Initially - Turkestan scientific. Commission (1922), then the Turkmen.
SRI (Scientific - Research Institute) study of history, geography, literature and art (1925), followed by Government.

The Academic Council (The State Academic Council) under the People's Commissariat of Education (1926), then the Cult of the Turkmen * (1928-32).

Since May 1932 the Turkmen Scientific Research Institute. Resolution of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the Turkmen Soviet Union of the Republic of March 31, 1936 May is divided into two Inst.: Institute of History and Language and Literature from directly under the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the Turkmen Soviet Union Republics.
The later merged into the Turkmenistan state Research Institute of Language and Literature Institute of the Republican Committee of Sciences (1937-40).

Since 1940 the Foundation Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union unites of three Institutes: Institute of Language and Literature, Biology and Geology: 1 PhD and 12 candidates of science. [In the context], At the end of 1945 - 238 employees, including 9 doctors and 51 candidates of sciences. Turkmens among researchers was 35, including 11 Candidate and Doctor s of Sciences 4 (2 on the history of philology and 2).

Opened the Institute of Animal, Agriculture As part of the physic - technical institute organizes. Laboratory of Chemistry and Technology of oil, seismological dep. Foundation of the Presidium of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union based on the water sector households, At the Geological Institute of those - the sector of oil and fossil fuels.
Since 1951, the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan Soviet Socialist Republics: 42 PhD. Sciences, incl. 12 Turkmen.

President T. Berdyev, vice-presidents: M. P. Petrov and A. Jumayev. In the 1956 - 12 academic, 18 corresponding members, 13 doctors (including 8 Turkmens), 68 Candidates of Sciences (including 32 Turkmen), has learned in graduate 79 people. In 1956, two Institutions - Agriculture and Livestock moved to the Ministry of Agricultural Turkmenistan Soviet Socialist Republics. In January 1957 Opening of the Institute of Chemistry and Economics on the basis of the department existed at the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan Soviet Socialist Republics. After separation of the Institute of Biology created Institute Botany and Institute of Zoology and Parasitology. In 1957, 9 united Research Institute of Geology, Physics and Geophysics, anti-seismic construction, chemistry, botany, zoology and parasitology, language and literature; History, archaeology and ethnography; Economy as well as the Botanical Garden, three museums (History and Studies in Ashgabat and a memorial to them. 26 Baku commissars - in Turkmenbashi *) number of scientific. stations and bases. In 1986, Academy comprises 15 research institutions, academic staff in 1053, including 17 academicians and 25 corresponding members, 51 doctors and 522 PhD. Sciences. In 1994 – 6210 y., scientific - employees, 260 doctors of sciences, 1540 PhD degree.[ ]

Abolished in 1997 y. Part of the Research Institute came under the control respectively. The center was dissolved in that year with this title. Ministries and departments, the Bureau of Academy Sciences of Turkmenistan in the summer of 1998 y. passed the Higher Council for Science and Technology, became under consider President of Turkmenistan.
Including "The History Research Institute Sh. Batyrov "under the cover" the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan independent "(The Institute history during its operation since 1936 in the field of scientific research institute Turkmen entitled" History Center "was created, in the following periods, the institute adopted a different, "Research on Shaja Batyrov Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan, - until 1997, and the Institute of history under the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan - 12 June 2009 [ ], and until now the Institute of history of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan) took the title" Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan "to" excellent science and technology advisor to the President of Turkmenistan "was renamed.
Three years of the Fund Turkmen Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Union (1941-1944 years). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences Foundation of the Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union, № 1, 1944; The development of science in Soviet Turkmenistan. Ashgabat, "Ylym", 1971.
* Academy of Sciences president.
1. Keller B. A., 1940 (dir.)
2. Nalivkin Dmitry Vasilievich* (prev.), 1946-51
3. Berdyev Tagan Berdyevich*, 1951-56
4. Charyev Geldy Orazovich, 1956-59
5. Batyrs Shadzhe (Shaja) Batyrovich *, 1959-65
6. Azimov Pigam Azimovich *, 1966-75
7. Babaev Agajan Geldyevich *, 1975-86
8. Ovezgeldyev Orazgeldy Ovezgeldyevich, 1986-88
9. Babaev Agajan Geldyevich *, 1989-93
10. Hojamuhammedov Agamamed, 1993-98.
The new structure of Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan:
With the revival of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan in 2009, the structure of Science and Research in Turkmenistan changes and reflects the reforms taking place in the country, which were initiated by the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdymuhamedov. With the new structure of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan, centralization of research activity was generated in the same place.
The national Academy of Sciences has been restored according to the resolution of the President of Turkmenistan №10458 dated June, 12th 2009, titled «About questions of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan», which has headed all activity on development and science organisation in Turkmenistan.
According to the resolution under the authority of the Academy of Sciences 11 institutes and the 3 organisations serving the science sector have been moved: the library, the printing house and the publishing house “Ylym”. The President of Academy, the Professor Dr. Mezilov G. A. heads Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan.
[Russian language]: Central Eurasia: Академия Наук ТССР Создана в июне 1951 на базе ТФАН СССР. Первоначально – Туркестанская науч. комиссия (1922), затем Туркм. НИИ изучения истории, географии, литературы и искусства (1925), далее Гос. Ученый Совет (ГУС) при Наркомате просвещения (1926), затем Туркменкульт* (1928-32). С мая 1932 Туркм. НИИ. Постановлением ЦИК и СНК ТССР от 31 марта 1936 в мае разделён на два ин-та: Ин-т истории и ИЯиЛ с прямым подчинением ЦИК и СНК ТССР. В дальнейшем объединены в Туркм. гос. НИИ ИЯиЛ при Республиканском комитете по делам наук (1937-40). С 1940 ТФАН СССР. Объединял три ин-та: ИЯиЛ, Биологический и Геологии: 1 д. наук и 12 канд. науки. В кон. 1945 - 238 сотруд., в т.ч. 9 д. и 51 канд. науки. Среди исслед. туркмен было 35, в т.ч. 11 канд. и 4 д. науки (2 по истории и 2 по филологии). Были открыты ин-ты Животноводства, Земледелия. В составе Физ.-тех. ин-та организ. лаборатории химии и технологии нефти, сейсмологический отд. При Президиуме ТФАН СССР осн. сектор водного хоз., в Геологическом ин-те – сектор нефти и горючих ископаемых. С 1951 АН ТССР: 42 канд. н., в т.ч. 12 туркмен. Президент Т. Бердыев, вице-президенты: М.П. Петров и О. Джумаев. В 1956 – 12 акад., 18 член-кор., 13 д. н. (в т.ч. 8 туркмен), 68 канд. н. (в т.ч. 32 туркмена), в аспирантуре училось 79 чел. В 1956 два ин-та – Земледелия и Животноводства перешли в систему министерства с.-х. ТССР. В янв. 1957 открыты ин-ты Химии и Экономики на базе отд., существовавших при Президиуме АН ТССР. После разделения ин-та Биологии созданы ин-т Ботаники и ин-т Зоологии и паразитологии. В 1957 объединяла 9 НИИ: Геологии, Физики и геофизики, Антисейсмического строительства, Химии, Ботаники, Зоологии и паразитологии, Языка и литературы; Истории, археологии и этнографии; Экономики, а также Ботанический сад, три музея (истории и краеведения в Ашхабаде и мемориальный им. 26 Бакинских комиссаров – в г.Туркменбаши*) ряд науч. станций и опорных пунктов. В 1986 академия объединяла 15 науч.-исслед. учреждения, 1053 науч. сотруд., в т.ч. 17 акад. и 25 чл.-кор., 51 д. наук и 522 канд. наук. В 1994 – 6210 науч. работников, 260 д. наук, 1540 канд. наук. Упразднена в 1997. Часть НИИ перешла в ведение соответ. министерств и ведомств. Функции Президиума АНТ летом 1998 переданы Высшему совету по науке и технике при Президенте*. Библ.: Байлиев Х.М. Три года работы ТФАН СССР (1941-1944 гг.). Известия АН ТФАН СССР, № 1, 1944; Развитие науки в советском Туркменистане. Ашхабад, «Ылым», 1971. *Академии наук президенты.
АКАДЕМИИ НАУК ПРЕЗИДЕНТЫ
   Келлер Б.А., 1940 (дир.)
   Наливкин Дмитрий Васильевич*, (пред.), 1946-51
   Бердыев Таган Бердыевич*, 1951-56
   Чарыев Гельды Оразович, 1956-59
   Батыров Шаджа Батырович*, 1959-65
   Азимов Пигам Азимович*, 1966-75
   Бабаев Агаджан Гельдыевич*, 1975-86
   Овезгельдыев Оразгельды Овезгельдыевич, 1986-88
   Бабаев Агаджан Гельдыевич*, 1989-93
   Ходжамухаммедов Агамамед, 1993-98.

Dr. O, H.