Acalymma

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Acalymma
Striped cuke beetle 1119.JPG
Striped cucumber beetle (Acalymma vittatum)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Chrysomelidae
Subfamily: Galerucinae
Tribe: Luperini
Genus: Acalymma
Barber, 1947

Acalymma is a genus of leaf beetles found mainly in the New World. Approximately 72 species have been described in the Western Hemisphere.[1]

Pest Species and Impacts[edit]

In the United States, two species are major pests of cucurbits, the striped cucumber beetle (Acalymma vittatum), which is mainly found east of the Mississippi River, and Acalymma trivittatum which is mostly found west of the Mississippi.[2] Adults feed on young leaves, and larvae can damage roots.[3] A. vittatum vectors bacterial wilt Erwinia tracheiphila Holland (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae) to the plants as it pierces plant stems to suck juices.[4]

Other species include[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cabrera & Durante. "Description of Mouthparts of the Genus Acalymma Barber (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae)". Transactions of the American Entomological Society 127(3):371-379 2001. JSTOR 25078752. 
  2. ^ Steve Diver and Tammy Hinman (2008). "Cucumber Beetles: Organic and Biorational Integrated Pest Management". ATTRA—National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. 
  3. ^ S. Toepfer, T. Haye, M. Erlandson, M. Goettel, J.G. Lundgren, R.G. Kleespies, D.C. Weber, G. Cabrera Walsh, A. Peters, R.-U. Ehlers, H. Strasser, D. Moore, S. Keller, S. Vidal and U. Kuhlmann. "A review of the natural enemies of beetles in the subtribe Diabroticina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): implications for sustainable pest management". Biocontrol Science and Technology, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2009, 1-65. 
  4. ^ Fleischer, S.J., de Mackiewicz, D., Gildow, F.E., and Lukezic, F.L. (1999), Serological Estimates of the Seasonal Dynamics of Erwinia tracheiphila in Acalymma vittata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Environmental Entomology, 28, 470-476.
  5. ^ Arthur J. Gilbert and Shawn M. Clark. "A New Species of Acalymma Barber, 1947 (Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Luperini), from Southeastern Arizona and New Mexico, U.S.A". Pan-Pacific Entomologist 83(4):289-295. 2007.