Accademia delle Arti del Disegno

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Accademia delle Arti del Disegno
Palazzo dell'arte dei beccai 01.JPG
The headquarters of the academy
Type Academy of artists
Legal status
Statute dated 17 May 1978
Purpose Promotion and diffusion of the arts, protection and conservation of art and cultural heritage worldwide
Headquarters Palazzo dell'Arte dei Beccai
Location via Orsanmichele 4, Florence, Italy
Coordinates 43°46′16″N 11°15′17″E / 43.77098°N 11.25485°E / 43.77098; 11.25485Coordinates: 43°46′16″N 11°15′17″E / 43.77098°N 11.25485°E / 43.77098; 11.25485
Region served
Italy, whole world
President
Luigi Zangheri
General secretary
Domenico Viggiano
Main organ
Consiglio di Presidenza (presidential council)
Website www.aadfi.it

The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, or "Academy of the Arts of Drawing", is an academy of artists in Florence, Italy. It was founded in 1873; its declared purposes are the promotion and diffusion of the arts, and the protection and conservation of cultural heritage worldwide. It organises conferences, concerts, book presentations and exhibitions, and elects noted artists from all over the world to honorary membership. The president is Luigi Zangheri.

The Accademia shares the name and some of the history of an earlier Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, founded in 1563 by Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and suppressed in 1784 by Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo.

History[edit]

The first Accademia delle Arti del Disegno[edit]

The first Accademia delle Arti del Disegno was founded by Cosimo I de' Medici on 13 January 1563,[citation needed] under the influence of Giorgio Vasari. It was initially named the Accademia e Compagnia delle Arti del Disegno, or "academy and company of the arts of drawing", and was made up of two parts: the Company was a kind of guild for all working artists, while the Academy was for more eminent artistic personalities of Cosimo’s court, and supervised artistic production in Tuscany. It was later called the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno. At first, the Academy met in the cloisters of the Santissima Annunziata.[1]

Artists including Michelangelo Buonarroti, Francesco da Sangallo, Agnolo Bronzino, Benvenuto Cellini, Giorgio Vasari, Bartolomeo Ammannati, and Giambologna were members. Most members of the Accademia were male; Artemisia Gentileschi was the first woman to be admitted.

In 1784 Pietro Leopoldo, Grand Duke of Tuscany, combined all the schools of drawing in Florence into one institution, the new Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze, or academy of fine arts. The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno was thus suppressed.

The present Accademia delle Arti del Disegno[edit]

In the re-organisation following the Unification of Italy, the present Accademia delle Arti del Disegno was separated from the Regia Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze in 1873. Since 1974 it has occupied Palazzo dell'Arte dei Beccai, in via Orsanmichele. The current statute of the organisation was published by decree of the President of the Republic of Italy, and is dated 17 May 1978.

Organisation and membership[edit]

The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno is divided into five classes: painting, sculpture, architecture, history of art and humanities and sciences. There are four classes of membership: emeritus, ordinary, correspondent and honorary.

Notable members of the Accademia include Sandro Chia, Hans Erni and Anselm Kiefer in painting;[2] Arnaldo Pomodoro, Giuliano Vangi and Dani Karavan in sculpture;[3] Massimo Carmassi and Paolo Portoghesi in architecture;[4] David Whitehouse in history of art;[5] and Salvatore Accardo and Carlo Ginzburg in humanities and sciences.[6]

Honorary membership[edit]

The Accademia awards the title of Accademico d'Onore, or honorary member, to those it considers notable in culture and the arts. It lists 138 such honorary members. Among them are Andrea Branzi, Daniel Buren, Fernando Caruncho, Herman Hertzberger, Michael Hirst, Jasper Johns, Gina Lollobrigida, Pierre Rosenberg, Edoardo Vesentini, Alessandro Vezzosi, Louis Waldman, the Nobel Prize winner Rita Levi-Montalcini and the Pritzker Prize winners Robert Venturi and Renzo Piano.[7]

Past Accademici d'Onore include Giulio Andreotti, Alberto Ronchey and Jørn Utzon.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francesco Adorno (1983). Accademie e istituzioni culturali a Firenze (in Italian). Florence: Olschki.
  2. ^ Classe di pittura (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Accessed June 2013.
  3. ^ Classe di scultura (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Accessed June 2013.
  4. ^ Classe di archittetura (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Accessed June 2013.
  5. ^ Classe di storia dell'arte (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Accessed June 2013.
  6. ^ Classe di discipline umanistiche e scienze (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Accessed June 2013.
  7. ^ Accademici d'Onore (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Accessed June 2013.
  8. ^ Accademici d'Onore (in Italian). Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Florence. Archived 20 February 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Zygmunt Wazbinski (1987). L'Accademia medicea del Disegno a Firenze nel Cinquecento (in Italian). Firenze: Olschki.