Accademia delle Arti del Disegno
|Accademia delle Arti del Disegno|
The headquarters of the academy
|Type||Academy of artists|
|Legal status||Statute dated 17 May 1978|
|Purpose/focus||Promotion and diffusion of the arts, protection and conservation of art and cultural heritage worldwide|
|Headquarters||Palazzo dell'Arte dei Beccai|
|Location||via Orsanmichele 4, Florence, Italy|
|Region served||Italy, whole world|
|General secretary||Domenico Viggiano|
|Main organ||Consiglio di Presidenza (presidential council)|
The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, or "Academy of the Arts of Drawing", is an academy of artists in Florence, Italy. It was founded in 1873; its declared purposes are the promotion and diffusion of the arts, and the protection and conservation of cultural heritage worldwide. It organises conferences, concerts, book presentations and exhibitions, and elects noted artists from all over the world to honorary membership.
The Accademia shares the name and some of the history of an earlier Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, founded in 1563 by Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and suppressed in 1784 by Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo.
The first Accademia delle Arti del Disegno
The first Accademia delle Arti del Disegno was founded by Cosimo I de' Medici on 13 January 1563, under the influence of Giorgio Vasari. It was initially named the Accademia e Compagnia delle Arti del Disegno, or "academy and company of the arts of drawing", and was made up of two parts: the Company was a kind of guild for all working artists, while the Academy was for more eminent artistic personalities of Cosimo’s court, and supervised artistic production in Tuscany. It was later called the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno. At first, the Academy met in the cloisters of the Santissima Annunziata.
Artists including Michelangelo Buonarroti, Francesco da Sangallo, Agnolo Bronzino, Benvenuto Cellini, Giorgio Vasari, Bartolomeo Ammannati, and Giambologna were members. Most members of the Accademia were male; Artemisia Gentileschi was the first woman to be admitted.
In 1784 Pietro Leopoldo, Grand Duke of Tuscany, combined all the schools of drawing in Florence into one institution, the new Accademia di Belle Arti, or academy of fine arts. The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno was thus suppressed.
The present Accademia delle Arti del Disegno
In the re-organisation following the Unification of Italy, the present Accademia delle Arti del Disegno was separated from the Regia Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze in 1873. Since 1974 it has occupied Palazzo dell'Arte dei Beccai, in via Orsanmichele. The current statute of the organisation was published by decree of the President of the Republic of Italy, and is dated 17 May 1978.
The institution is divided into five classes: painting, sculpture, architecture, history of art and humanities and sciences. There are four classes of membership: emeritus, ordinary, correspondent and honorary.
Notable members of the Accademia include Leonardo Cremonini, Hans Erni, Lucian Freud, Richard Hamilton, Anselm Kiefer, Neith Nevelson and Piero Guccione in painting; Arnaldo Pomodoro, Giuliano Vangi and Dani Karavan in sculpture; Massimo Carmassi, Marco Dezzi Bardeschi, Adolfo Natalini, Paolo Portoghesi, Aldo Loris Rossi, David Palterer and Franco Purini in architecture; Wolfram Prinz, Erich Steingräber, Detlef Heikamp, Antonio Paolucci, Zygmunt Wazbinski and David Whitehouse in history of art; and Francesco Adorno, Franco Cardini, Umberto Colombo, Tullio Gregory, Salvatore Accardo and Carlo Ginzburg in humanities and sciences.
The Accademia awards the title of Accademico d'Onore, or honorary member, to those it considers notable in culture and the arts. It lists 138 such honorary members (see List of honorary members of the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno of Florence). Among them are Jasper Johns, Alberto Ronchey, Giulio Andreotti, Gina Lollobrigida, Louis A. Waldman, the Nobel Prize winner Rita Levi-Montalcini and the Pritzker Prize winners Philip Johnson, Jørn Utzon, Robert Venturi and Renzo Piano.
The President is Luigi Zangheri.
- Francesco Adorno, Accademie e istituzioni culturali a Firenze, Firenze, Olschki, 1983.
- Zygmunt Wazbinski, L'Accademia medicea del Disegno a Firenze nel Cinquecento, Firenze, Olschki, 1987.
- Francesco Adorno, Accademie e istituzioni culturali a Firenze, Firenze, Olschki, 1983. (in Italian)