Accelerated Christian Education
|Accelerated Christian Education|
|Motto||Reaching the world for Christ, one child at a time|
|Official languages||English, Spanish|
Accelerated Christian Education is an American educational products company which produces the Accelerated Christian Education (ACE) school curriculum. The home office is in Nashville, Tennessee, with a customer service and distribution center in Lewisville, Texas. According to a study, by 1980 there were over 3,000 Christian Schools in the United States associated with ACE. A European representative states that the ACE program is “being used in thousands of schools and many thousands of home schools in over 100 different countries worldwide.” ACE currently[when?] serves over 7,000 schools, one government contract.
- 1 History
- 2 Curriculum approach
- 3 Criticized content in A.C.E curriculum
- 4 Distribution and promotion
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Accelerated Christian Education was founded in 1970 by Dr. Donald Howard and his first wife Esther. They set about developing a biblically literalist educational curriculum that was adopted by a number of private Christian schools. He traveled extensively to promote ACE schools, viewing the establishment of ACE schools around the world as a new form of missions — he called it educational missions. According to information on the Accelerated Christian Education website, the Howards opened the first school to use the ACE program in Garland, Texas. They started with 45 students. By 1971, they had added six new schools.
According to the curriculum section on its website, the ACE “program is individualized and nongraded” and “designed to allow students to work at their own level of achievement”. ACE states that its “core curriculum is an individualized, Biblically-based, character-building curriculum package”. The material for the classes has an emphasis reflecting the Christian ideas and principles of the company.
The program allows students to advance through high school. The Accelerated Christian Education curriculum is based on a series of workbooks called PACEs (Packets of Accelerated Christian Education). Each subject has 12 PACEs per grade level. The basic subjects of ACE are mathematics, English, science, social studies and word building (spelling and word usage). Test keys are published for corresponding PACEs.
A new student starting the ACE system is given a placement test, which assesses ability in the five areas with corresponding subjects. The test results then place the student at appropriate levels by subject. Students are required to set daily goals for work completion and are generally expected to finish a given PACE within three weeks. Students are given reviews at certain points in a PACE and a test at its culmination. The passing score for the test is 80% correct. Students who fail must retake the PACE until they pass.
Use of rote recall
The curriculum's emphasis on rote recall has been criticized by educational researchers. A study by Speck and Prideaux (1993) notes the wide use of association and recall activities in the ACE curriculum, as well as other workbook-based curricula. Citing a 1987 study, they state "The work consists of low-level cognitive tasks that emphasize simple association and recall activities, as is typical of instruction from workbooks. Despite the reviling of B. F. Skinner by the Christian Right, the materials make heavy use of behavioral objectives, programmed learning, and rewards."
D. Flemming and T Hunt in a 1987 article in the education journal Phi Delta Kappa analyzed the ACE curriculum, concluding that "If parents want their children to obtain a very limited and sometimes inaccurate view of the world — one that ignores thinking above the level of rote recall — then the ACE materials do the job very well. The world of the ACE materials is quite a different one from that of scholarship and critical thinking."
Criticized content in A.C.E curriculum
Race and apartheid
The ACE curriculum includes controversial content in relation to race, including the depiction of racially segregated schools. Some content on this topic has been changed. The 1990 edition of "Social Studies PACE 1086," stated
"Although apartheid appears to allow the unfair treatment of blacks, the system has worked well in South Africa .... Although white businessmen and developers are guilty of some unfair treatment of blacks, they turned South Africa into a modern industrialized nation, which the poor, uneducated blacks couldn't have accomplished in several more decades. If more blacks were suddenly given control of the nation, its economy and business, as Mandela wished, they could have destroyed what they have waited and worked so hard for."
This was replaced in the 1998 edition.
Creationism and the Loch Ness monster
The ACE curriculum (in "Biology 1099") asserts the existence of the Loch Ness monster as fact, declaring it a plesiosaur, and uses this "fact" to disprove the theory of evolution. In July 2013, this reference was removed from new textbooks published in Europe.
Solar fusion a myth
Of the United States, the curriculum says "Because of the faith of the early citizens of the United States and because of the Biblical foundation of its government and laws, God blessed the United States; and it became the strongest and most prosperous nation on Earth."
In teaching English, the curriculum (in "English 1066") uses examples such as "God will bless obedience and humility."; "I shall obey Thy statutes and judgments."; "Humility pleases the Lord Jesus Christ." Students are required to underline the verbs. An English test ("English 1108") includes the multiple-choice question "Responsible citizens will vote for political candidates who..." with "promise to cut back on both government services and spending and cut taxes" specified as the "correct" one.
Distribution and promotion
ACE provides annual one-day training sessions for administrators. These are provided in locations around the United States.[clarification needed] The sessions focus on understanding and properly implementing the ACE program. For Learning Center Supervisors a four-day workshop is provided annually. The workshop is organized like an ACE classroom, allowing the supervisor to experience the ACE system as a student and learn how to implement the system.
The program is used by homeschooling families and private schools. The company provides instruction and structure for operating a "Christian school". Schools are not required to use the entire ACE curriculum and may augment it with other resources.
ACE student conventions
Schools that use the ACE curriculum may participate in the student conventions. Since 1976, regional conventions have been held throughout the world and the top-placed participants are able to proceed to the International Convention. The International Convention is usually held at a university campus, such as Indiana University in Bloomington (1990), North Texas University in Denton (1991), Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff (1993), Purdue University in Indiana (1994). One of the national conventions is the All Africa Student Convention that takes place in South Africa once a year at the end of November or the beginning of December. The All Africa Student Convention is hosted at the University of the Freestate in Bloemfontein.
ACE holds an annual International Student Convention, for high school students, designed to develop leadership and project building skills and increase their creativity level through a healthy competitive spirit. The conventions augment the curriculum by requiring students to prepare to compete in dramatic, artistic and athletic events. The conventions also offer "Events of the Heart" which allows students with mental and physical disabilities to participate. When the conventions first started, a parade in the hosting city would accompany it. In 1981, over 3,000 students and sponsors marched in New York City to celebrate the opening of the convention at Rutgers University. Student conventions offer speakers. Past speakers have been David Gibbs from the Christian Law Association, Ben Jordan and William Murray (Madalyn Murray O'Hair's son).
- Totara College of Accelerated Learning
- Cavite Bible Baptist Academy
- Shekinah Christian Training Center
- L.I.G.H.T. Christian Academy
- "contact info". Accelerated Christian Education. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- Stoker, W. M. Fred; Splawn, Robert (1980–06–00). A Study of Accelerated Christian Education Schools in Northwest Texas. p. 28
- "Curriculum". Christian Education Europe. Archived from the original on 18 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- "Statement Of Faith". about us. Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
- "What Matters Most Still Matters" (PDF). TimeLine. Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. 2006-02-14. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
- "Core Curriculum". Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Retrieved 2007-12-05.[dead link]
- "Testing Materials". Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Retrieved 2007-12-05.[dead link]
- "Why ACE". Accelerated Christian Education. Archived from the original on 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
- David C. Berliner. "Educational Psychology Meets the Christian Right: Differing Views of Children, Schooling, Teaching, and Learning". Arizona State University. Archived from the original on 6 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
- Hunter, 1987, "Accelerated Christian Education Inc.: Marching to a different drummer.", cited in Speck and Prideaux (1993), "Fundamentalist Education and Creation Science", Australian Journal of Education, November 1993 vol. 37 no. 3 279-295
- Fleming, D.; Hunt, T. (1987). "The World as Seen by Students in Accelerated Christian Education". Phi Delta Kappan (68): 518–523.
- David Dent, "A Mixed Message in Black Schools," New York Times Education Supplement, p. 28, April 4, 1993.
- Loxton, Rachel (28 July 2013). "Nessie cut from creationism". The Herald. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- "Training". Administrators' Training. Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-08.[dead link]
- :: Accelerated Christian Education :: About Us
- Microsoft Word - ISC Guidelines Section I Final 2007
- :: Accelerated Christian Education :: Conventions
- "Thousands of Youngesters in Parade for Christianity", The New York Times, June 12, 1981
- Accelerated Christian Education
- American Home School and Tutoring Centers A.C.E. Correspondence and Tutoring
- Christian Education Europe A.C.E. Europe Representative
- Educational Psychology Meets the Christian Right: Differing Views of Children, Schooling, Teaching, and Learning by David C. Berliner