Accelerated Christian Education

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Accelerated Christian Education
Accelerated Christian Education.jpg
Motto Reaching the world for Christ, one child at a time
Formation 1970
Type Christian education
Headquarters Hendersonville, Tennessee
Membership Worldwide
Official language English, Spanish
Website aceministries.com

Accelerated Christian Education is an American educational products company founded in 1970 which produces the Accelerated Christian Education (ACE) school curriculum. As of September 2013 ACE serves over 6,000 schools in 145 countries. The company is based in Hendersonville, Tennessee (suburban Nashville), with their distribution center located in Lewisville, Texas (in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex).[1] It lists its principles in a "statement of faith" which declares the belief that the Bible is literally true.[2]

History[edit]

Accelerated Christian Education was founded in 1970 by Dr. Donald Howard and his first wife Esther.[3] They set about developing a biblically literalist educational curriculum that was adopted by a number of private Christian schools. He traveled extensively to promote ACE schools, viewing the establishment of ACE schools around the world as a new form of missions — he called it educational missions. According to information on the Accelerated Christian Education website, the Howards opened the first school to use the ACE program in Garland, Texas.[3] They started with 45 students. By 1971, they had added six new schools.[3] By 1980 there were over 3,000 Christian Schools in the United States associated with ACE,[4] reaching a peak of 8,000 during the 1980s.[5]

Curriculum approach[edit]

According to the curriculum section on its website, the ACE “program is individualized and nongraded.” ACE states that its “core curriculum is an individualized, Biblically-based, character-building curriculum package”.[6] The material for the classes has an emphasis reflecting the Christian ideas and principles of the company, including memorising Bible passages and learning creationism.[7]

The program allows students to advance through high school.[6] The Accelerated Christian Education curriculum is based on a series of workbooks called PACEs (Packets of Accelerated Christian Education).[8] Each subject has 12 PACEs per grade level.[6] The basic subjects of ACE are mathematics, English, science, social studies and word building (spelling and word usage).[6] Test keys are published for corresponding PACEs.[9]

A new student starting the ACE system is given a placement test, which assesses ability in the five areas with corresponding subjects. The test results then place the student at appropriate levels by subject.[10] Students are required to set daily goals for work completion and are generally expected to finish a given PACE within three weeks. Students are given reviews at certain points in a PACE and a test at its culmination. The passing score for the test is 80% correct. Students who fail must retake the PACE until they pass.[10]

Use of rote recall[edit]

The curriculum's emphasis on rote recall has been criticized by educational researchers. David Berliner described the teaching methods as "low-level cognitive tasks that emphasize simple association and recall activities, as is typical of instruction from workbooks... the materials make heavy use of behavioral objectives, programmed learning, and rewards."[11][12] D. Flemming and T Hunt in a 1987 article in the education journal Phi Delta Kappa analyzed the ACE curriculum, concluding that "If parents want their children to obtain a very limited and sometimes inaccurate view of the world — one that ignores thinking above the level of rote recall — then the ACE materials do the job very well. The world of the ACE materials is quite a different one from that of scholarship and critical thinking."[13]

Educational outcomes[edit]

Having researched comparative performance on the American College Test between public school students from one school and ACE students from another, private school in the same geographic area, one college student wrote in her thesis in 2005 that "a significant difference was found between the public school graduates' scores and the ACE graduates' scores in all areas of the ACT (English, Math, Reading, and Composite Score), except the area of Science Reasoning. Overall, the ACT scores of the ACE graduates were consistently lower than those of the public school students."[14]

This same college student also noted that "the current study did not account for variables such as socioeconomic status, ethnicity, gender, or parent's level of education. These variables may impact ACT scores and therefore need to be considered in future research." Also, demographic information of the public school used for comparison in the study was not collected. [15]

Criticized content in A.C.E curriculum[edit]

Race and apartheid[edit]

The ACE curriculum includes controversial content in relation to race, including the depiction of racially segregated schools.[16] Some content on this topic has been changed. A particular PACE stated,

"Although apartheid appears to allow the unfair treatment of blacks, the system has worked well in South Africa .... Although white businessmen and developers are guilty of some unfair treatment of blacks, they turned South Africa into a modern industrialized nation, which the poor, uneducated blacks couldn't have accomplished in several more decades. If more blacks were suddenly given control of the nation, its economy and business, as Mandela wished, they could have destroyed what they have waited and worked so hard for."[17]

Creationism and the Loch Ness monster[edit]

The ACE curriculum (in "Biology 1099") asserts the existence of the Loch Ness monster as fact, declaring it a plesiosaur, and uses this "fact" to disprove the theory of evolution.[18] In July 2013, this reference was removed from new textbooks published in Europe.[19]

Family, sexuality and gender roles[edit]

Textbooks state that abortion is wrong, evolution is a lie and homosexuals choose to be gay. They teach that "God wants wives to submit to their husbands" and tells kids they can avoid AIDS by following the Bible.[20]

Solar fusion a myth[edit]

The ACE curriculum (in "Science 1096") asserts that solar fusion is a myth, describing it as "an invention of evolution scientists."[21]

History[edit]

Of the United States, the curriculum says "Because of the faith of the early citizens of the United States and because of the Biblical foundation of its government and laws, God blessed the United States; and it became the strongest and most prosperous nation on Earth."[21]

Of the Six Day War, the ACE curriculum says "The fantastic victory of Israel in the Six-Day War proved [its critics] wrong. Can we doubt that God had His hand in the outcome of this war?"[21]

English[edit]

In teaching English, the curriculum (in "English 1066") uses examples such as "God will bless obedience and humility."; "I shall obey Thy statutes and judgments."; "Humility pleases the Lord Jesus Christ." Students are required to underline the verbs. An English test ("English 1108") includes the multiple-choice question "Responsible citizens will vote for political candidates who..." with "promise to cut back on both government services and spending and cut taxes" specified as the "correct" one.[21]

Distribution and promotion[edit]

ACE provides annual one-day training sessions for administrators. These are provided in locations around the United States.[clarification needed] The sessions focus on understanding and properly implementing the ACE program.[22] For Learning Center Supervisors a four-day workshop is provided annually.[22] The workshop is organized like an ACE classroom, allowing the supervisor to experience the ACE system as a student and learn how to implement the system.[6]

The program is used by homeschooling families and private schools. The company provides instruction and structure for operating a "Christian school". Schools are not required to use the entire ACE curriculum and may augment it with other resources.[23]

ACE student conventions[edit]

Schools that use the ACE curriculum may participate in the student conventions. Since 1976, regional conventions have been held throughout the world[citation needed] and the top-placed participants are able to proceed to the International Convention. The International Convention is usually held at a university campus, such as Indiana University in Bloomington (1990), North Texas University in Denton (1991), Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff (1993), Purdue University in Indiana (1994). One of the national conventions is the All Africa Student Convention that takes place in South Africa once a year at the end of November or the beginning of December at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, South Africa. The All Africa Student Convention not organized or hosted by ACE United States but by Accelerated Christian Education South Africa which is a separate organization providing the ACE curriculum to schools in Africa.

ACE holds an annual International Student Convention, for high school students, designed to develop leadership and project building skills and increase their creativity level through a healthy competitive spirit. The conventions augment the curriculum by requiring students to prepare to compete in dramatic, artistic and athletic events.[24][25] The conventions also offer "Events of the Heart" which allows students with mental and physical disabilities to participate. When the conventions first started, a parade in the hosting city would accompany it. In 1981, over 3,000 students and sponsors marched in New York City to celebrate the opening of the convention at Rutgers University.[26] Student conventions offer speakers. Past speakers have been David Gibbs from the Christian Law Association, Ben Jordan and William Murray (Madalyn Murray O'Hair's son).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "contact info". Accelerated Christian Education. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  2. ^ "Statement Of Faith". about us. Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  3. ^ a b c "What Matters Most Still Matters" (PDF). TimeLine. Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. 2006-02-14. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  4. ^ Stoker, W. M. Fred; Splawn, Robert (1980-06-00). A Study of Accelerated Christian Education Schools in Northwest Texas. p. 28. 
  5. ^ Adam Laats (January 2010). "Forging a Fundamentalist ‘‘One Best System’’: Struggles Over Curriculum and Educational Philosophy for Christian Day Schools, 1970–1989". History of Education Quarterly 49. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Core Curriculum". Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Retrieved 2007-12-05. [dead link]
  7. ^ Tim Johns and Emma Hallett (12 June 2014). "Life in a Christian 'fundamentalist' school". BBC. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Curriculum". Christian Education Europe. Archived from the original on 18 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  9. ^ "Testing Materials". Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Retrieved 2007-12-05. [dead link]
  10. ^ a b "Why ACE". Accelerated Christian Education. Archived from the original on 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  11. ^ David C. Berliner. "Educational Psychology Meets the Christian Right: Differing Views of Children, Schooling, Teaching, and Learning". Arizona State University. Archived from the original on 6 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-07. 
  12. ^ Hunter, 1987, "Accelerated Christian Education Inc.: Marching to a different drummer.", cited in Speck and Prideaux (1993), "Fundamentalist Education and Creation Science", Australian Journal of Education, November 1993 vol. 37 no. 3 279-295
  13. ^ Fleming, D.; Hunt, T. (1987). "The World as Seen by Students in Accelerated Christian Education". Phi Delta Kappan (68): 518–523. 
  14. ^ An Analysis of Accelerated Christian Education and College Preparedness Based on ACT Scores, Lisa J.L. Kelley
  15. ^ http://mds.marshall.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1093&context=etd
  16. ^ Shaw, Michael (31 July 2009). "Fundamentalist exams on a par with A-levels". Times Educational Supplement. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  17. ^ David Dent (April 14, 1993). "A Mixed Message in Black Schools". The Day. p. p. B6. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  18. ^ Loxton, Rachel (24 June 2012). "How American fundamentalist schools are using Nessie to disprove evolution". The Herald Scotland. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  19. ^ Loxton, Rachel (28 July 2013). "Nessie cut from creationism". The Herald. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  20. ^ Wheatstone, Richard (19 June 2014). "'Wives should submit to their husbands', say textbooks used in three Manchester schools". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c d Scaramanga, Jonny (1 February 2013). "Nessie as evidence against evolution … and five odder things kids are taught". The Guardian - Comment is free. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Training". Administrators' Training. Accelerated Christian Education, Inc. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-08. [dead link]
  23. ^ :: Accelerated Christian Education :: About Us
  24. ^ Microsoft Word - ISC Guidelines Section I Final 2007
  25. ^ :: Accelerated Christian Education :: Conventions
  26. ^ "Thousands of Youngesters in Parade for Christianity", The New York Times, June 12, 1981

External links[edit]