Accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to NATO

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

The accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is in the negotiations stage as of 2010. Bosnia and Herzegovina joined the Partnership for Peace in 2006, and signed an agreement on security cooperation in March 2007.[1] The nation began further cooperation with NATO within their Individual Partnership Action Plan in January 2008.[2] Bosnia then started the process of Intensified Dialogue at the 2008 Bucharest summit.[3] The country was invited to join the Adriatic Charter of NATO aspirants on September 25, 2008.[4] Then in November 2008, a joint announcement from the Defence Minister and NATO Mission Office in Sarajevo suggested that Bosnia and Herzegovina could join NATO by 2011 if it continues with the reforms made in the defence-area so far.[5]

In January 2009, Defence Minister Selmo Cikotić again confirmed Bosnia's interest in seeking a Membership Action Plan (MAP) at the 2009 summit, with membership by 2012 at the latest.[6] In February 2009 The Defence Minister of BiH Selmo Cikotic presented some poll numbers on NATO-membership: 70% of the country supports NATO-membership; However while 89% of the Federation Entity supports NATO-membership, only in 35% RS-entity did.[citation needed] While the country did not receive an MAP at the April 2009 summit in Strasbourg–Kehl, Stuart Jones, an official of the US State Department, said on a September 2009 visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina that NATO was going to look at the possibilities for them to receive one in a December 2009 summit, repeating strong US support for the possibility. Then on October 2, 2009, Haris Silajdžić, the Bosniak Member of the Presidency, announced official application for Membership Action Plan. On April 22, 2010, NATO agreed to launch the Membership Action Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina, but with certain conditions attached.[7] Turkey is thought to be the biggest supporter of Bosnian membership, and heavily influenced the decision.[8]

In 2014, prior to its 65th anniversary, NATO announced that it would not be offering any new countries membership into the organization that year. In addition to this development, as off 2014, Bosnia and Herzegovina has yet to fulfil one of the main conditions to enter the alliance: the transfer of 63 military facilities from the local level to the central government.[9]

The 1995 NATO bombing of Bosnia and Herzegovina targeted the Bosnian Serb Army and together with international pressure led to the resolution of the Bosnian War and the signing of the Dayton Agreement in 1995. Since then, NATO has led the Implementation Force and Stabilization Force, and other peacekeeping efforts in the country.

Negotiation progress[edit]

Event Date
Partnership for Peace December 2006
First Individual Partnership Action Plan January 2008[2]
Intensified Dialogue April 2008
Membership Action Plan April 2010[7]
Second Individual Partnership Action Plan February 2011[10]
Invitation to join
Accession protocol
Ratification by:
Albania
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Full membership

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bosnia, NATO sign security deal". B92. 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-22. 
  2. ^ a b "NATO approves BiH's pre-membership action plan". SETimes.com. 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  3. ^ "Bosnia hopes to join NATO by 2015". AFP (Haaba). 2007-12-27. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  4. ^ Avaz, Dnevni (2008-09-26). "BiH, Montenegro invited to join Adriatic Charter of NATO aspirants". Southeast European Times. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
  5. ^ Numanović, S. (2008-11-12). "BiH ulazi u NATO 2011. godine?". Dnevni avaz (in Bosnian). Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  6. ^ Fena (2009-01-01). "Posljednji korak ka punopravnom članstvu". Dnevni avaz (in Bosnian). Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  7. ^ a b "Bosnia gets Nato membership plan". BBC News. 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  8. ^ http://www.danas.org/content/nato_bih/2020960.html
  9. ^ "NATO rules out admitting new members anytime soon". Fox news. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "NATO’s relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina - Evolution of relations". NATO.int. 2011-02-01. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 

External links[edit]