Accessory meningeal artery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Accessory meningeal artery
Plan of branches of maxillary artery (accessory meningeal visible top left)
Assessory meningeal artery.png
Plan of branches of maxillary artery
Latin Ramus accessorius arteriae meningeae mediae
Maxillary artery
Supplies Meninges
Gray's p.561
TA A12.2.05.062
FMA 49715
Anatomical terminology

The accessory meningeal artery (also accessory branch of middle meningeal artery, pterygomeningeal artery, small meningeal or parvidural branch) is a branch of the maxillary artery, sometimes derived from the middle meningeal artery.


It enters the skull through the foramen ovale, and supplies the semilunar ganglion and dura mater.


Only about 10% of the blood flowing through this artery reaches intracranial structures.[1] The remaining blood flow is dispersed to extracranial structures around the infratemporal fossa.

Reflecting this fact, Terminologia Anatomica lists entries for both "accessory branch of middle meningeal artery" and "pterygomeningeal artery".[2]


  1. ^ Vitek J (1989). "Accessory meningeal artery: an anatomic misnomer.". AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 10 (3): 569–73. PMID 2501989. 
  2. ^ Federative Committee on Anatomical Termi (1998). Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

External links[edit]

  • Dilenge D, Géraud G (1976). "Accessory meningeal artery.". Acta Radiol Suppl 347: 63–9. PMID 207149. 
  • lesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (infratempfossaart)