Accidental damage of art
Accidental damage of art refers to damage or destruction of an artwork as a result of various types of accidents, such as natural disasters, fire, plane crash, a fall and others. Most notable damage accidents occurred during a public exhibit or transportation.
A large body of work by the German renaissance master Mathis Nithart Gothart, called Grünewald, was captured by the Swedes during the Thirty Years' War, but lost when the ships transporting war booty were sunk in the Baltic by Imperial forces.
On 2 September 1998, Swissair Flight 111 crashed near Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, killing 225 people. Pablo Picasso's 1963 work Le Peintre (The Painter) was part of the flight's cargo and was destroyed in the crash.
In October 2006, Steve Wynn agreed to sell the 1932 painting Le Rêve by Picasso. The painting was the centerpiece of Wynn’s art collection and was displayed at his Las Vegas casino. The pre-arranged price of $139 million would make Le Rêve the most expensive art sell of the time. The day after the price deal, while showing the painting to reporters, Wynn accidentally elbowed it, creating a significant tear. After a $90,000 repair, the painting was evaluated to be worth $85 million. Wynn claimed the price difference from his Lloyd's of London insurers, and the case was eventually settled out of court in March 2007. However, in March 2013, Wynn sold the repaired painting to the original buyer Steven A. Cohen for $155 million, a price $16 million higher than the value of the painting before the accident.
In 2006, a man fell after stepping on his loose shoelace at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, England and shattered three Chinese vases of the Qing dynasty (17th century). The man was not injured and not charged with damage, but was banned from visiting the museum. The museum managed to restore the vases, which are one of its most valuable exhibits; they are back on display, but in a protective case.
On 22 January 2010, a woman accidentally fell into The Actor (L'acteur), a 1904 painting by Pablo Picasso on exhibit at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. The fall created a rip of about 15 centimeters (5.9 in) in height in the lower right corner of a 196 cm × 115 cm (77.25 in × 45.38 in) painting. The painting is considered one of Picasso's most important works and has an estimated value of $130 million. The damage was restored in April 2010 after three months of work. For six weeks, the painting lay flat, loaded with small silk sand bags in order to realign the mechanical stress caused by the fall. After that, a Mylar patch was placed on the back of the canvas and the front was carefully retouched. Mylar was chosen because of its transparency – the canvas contains another painting on its back. The painting was placed behind Plexiglas after the accident.
Several artworks of contemporary artist Tracey Emin were damaged by accident. Her Self Portrait: Bath — a neon light was tangled in barbed wire while exhibited in the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art. It sustained almost $2,000 worth of damage when a visitor's clothes got caught in the wire. In the same gallery, another visitor backed into her work Feeling Pregnant III. My Uncle Colin was accidentally damaged by the staff of the National Gallery of Scotland, but later repaired. In May 2004, a warehouse fire destroyed several of her works, including the embroidered tent Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–95.
Negligence and diligence
In 2000, porters at Sotheby's auction house in London disposed of a box using a crushing machine. They were apparently unaware that the box was not empty but contained a painting by Lucian Freud worth about $157,000.
Some contemporary exhibits were damaged as a result of diligence of museum staff who tried to clean up the museum area of what they perceived as a foreign or unclean object:
- In 1980s, a work by Joseph Beuys was altered when a janitor neatly cleaned up what he saw as a dirty bathtub in a German art gallery.
- In 2001, staff of the London's Eyestorm Gallery trashed an exhibit by Damien Hirst which appeared as a pile of beer bottles, ashtrays and coffee cups.
- In 2004, an employee of Tate Britain disposed of what appeared as a plastic bag of trash sitting next to an artwork; the bag was part of an exhibition "Recreation of First Public Demonstration of Auto-Destructive Art" by Gustav Metzger.
- In 2012, an employee of Glenn Beck scrubbed clean a fish bowl that had been painted and signed by Orson Welles in 1940. The bowl had arrived from an auction that day and was left on Beck's desk in his locked office. 
- Joachim von Sandrart. "Teutsche Academie, TA 1675, II, Buch 3 (niederl. u. dt. Künstler), S. 231". Sandrart.net. Retrieved 2012-11-28
- "Picasso Painting Lost In Crash". CBS News (Halifax, Nova Scotia). 14 September 1998. Retrieved 16 March 2008.
- Nora Ephron. My Weekend in Vegas, The Huffington Post, 16 October 2006.
- Nick Paumgarten. The $40-million elbow, The New Yorker, 23 October 2006
- Complaint of Wynn against Lloyd's, The Smoking Gun
- Marc Spiegler (17 January 2007). Vom Traum zum Alptraum, Artnet.de.
- David Glovin. Wynn Settles Insurance Suit With Lloyd's Over a Torn Picasso, Bloomberg, 23 March 2007
- Eyder Peralta. Years After The Elbow Incident, Steve Wynn Sells Picasso's 'Le Rêve' For $155 Million, NPR, 26 March 2013
- Top 10 Art Accidents, Tripping and Falling ... into Chinese Vases Time, 26 January 2010
- Vase Breaker Banned From Museum CBS News, 6 Feb 2006
- Top 10 Art Accidents, Museum Patron Rips a Picasso Time, 26 January 2010
- After Repairs, a Picasso Returns, New York Times, 20 April 2010
- Top 10 Art Accidents, The Unlucky Artist Time, 26 January 2010
- Kate Watson-Smyth (28 April 2000) £100,000 Freud painting put in crusher by Sotheby's man The Independent.
- Top 10 Art Accidents, An Accident? Really? Time, 26 January 2010
- Top 10 Art Accidents, Don't Throw That Away Time, 26 January 2010
- Glenn’s staff ruins irreplaceable fishbowl hand painted and autographed by Orson Welles Glenn Beck Radio
- Art world reels as losses mount, 28 May 2004