Accidents and incidents involving the Airbus A320 family

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The Airbus A320 family accidents and incidents are counting 59 aviation occurrences, including 24 hull-loss accidents with a total of 789 fatalities as of April 2012.[1][2][3][4][5] There have been 50 incidents of glass cockpit blackout.[6][7][8]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

A319[edit]

  • On 12 August 2010 Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 75, using an Airbus A319-111 and registered as 4K-AZ04, suffered a collapse of the undercarriage when the aircraft departed the runway on landing at Atatürk International Airport, Istanbul, Turkey. The aircraft was substantially damaged but all 127 passengers and crew escaped unharmed.[9]
  • On 24 September 2010 Wind Jet Flight 243, using an Airbus A319-132 and registered as EI-EDM, landed short of the runway and broke an undercarriage when the aircraft attempted landing at Palermo Airport, Italy. Preliminary reports name windshear as one possible cause for the accident. The aircraft was seriously damaged but stopped in the grass out of the runway. About 20 passengers were injured.[10]
  • On 24 May 2013 British Airways Flight 762, using an Airbus A319-131 and registered as G-EUOE, returned to London Heathrow Airport after fan cowl doors detached from both engines shortly after take off. During the approach a fire broke out in the right engine and persisted after the engine was shut down. The aircraft landed safely with no injuries to the 80 people on board. A preliminary accident report revealed that the cowlings had been left unlatched following overnight maintenance. The separation of the doors caused airframe damage and the right hand engine fire resulted from a ruptured fuel pipe.[11]

A320[edit]

  • On 26 June 1988 Air France Flight 296, using an Airbus A320-111, crashed into the tops of trees beyond the runway on a demonstration flight at Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport, France. Three passengers were killed.
  • On 14 February 1990 Indian Airlines Flight 605, using an Airbus A320-231, carrying 146 people, crashed on its final approach to the HAL Airport, Bangalore. 88 passengers and four crew members were killed.[12]
  • On 20 January 1992 Air Inter Flight 148, using an Airbus A320-111, crashed into a high ridge near Mount Sainte-Odile in the Vosges mountains while on final approach to Strasbourg at the end of a scheduled flight from Lyon. This accident resulted in the deaths of 87 of the aircraft's occupants (six crew members, 90 passengers).
  • On 14 September 1993 Lufthansa Flight 2904, using an Airbus A320-211, coming from Frankfurt am Main with 70 people, crashed into an earth wall at the end of the runway at Warsaw. A fire started in the left wing area and penetrated into the passenger cabin. The training captain and a passenger died.
  • On 22 March 1998 Philippine Airlines Flight 137, using an Airbus A320-214, crashed and overran the runway of Bacolod City Domestic Airport, RPVB, in Bacolod, Philippines, plowing through homes near it. None of the passengers or crew died, but many were injured and three on the ground were killed.
  • On 23 August 2000 Gulf Air Flight 072, using an Airbus A320-212, crashed into the Persian Gulf on a go-around during a night visual approach to Bahrain Airport. All 143 passengers and crew on board lost their lives.
  • On 7 February 2001 Iberia Flight 1456, using an Airbus A320-214, carrying 143 people, crashed on landing at Bilbao Airport in heavy low level turbulence and gusts. All occupants survived; aircraft had to be scrapped.[13]
  • On 21 September 2005 JetBlue Airways Flight 292, using an Airbus A320-232, executed an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) after the nose wheels jammed in an abnormal position. No one was injured.
  • On 3 May 2006 Armavia Flight 967, using an Airbus A320-211, crashed into the Black Sea while attempting to conduct a go-around following its first approach to Sochi Airport, Russia. All 113 passengers and crew on board lost their lives. The accident was a Pilot error / Controlled flight into terrain accident.[14]
  • On 17 July 2007 TAM Airlines Flight 3054, using an Airbus A320-233, was not able to stop while landing at Congonhas International Airport in São Paulo, Brazil. One engine thrust reverser had been deactivated. As of 2009, the accident was caused by pilot error (by positioning the left throttle into reverse with the right engine throttle being in the climb power setting) and by bad weather( this was possibly exaggerated by the lack of effective drainage grooving on the runway). All 187 passengers and crew died with 12 fatalities on the ground, the ground fatalities mainly from the TAM headquarters and the petrol station at the end of the runway, totalling 199 people.[15]
  • On 30 May 2008 TACA Flight 390, using an Airbus A320-233, from San Salvador, overran the runway after landing at Toncontín International Airport in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, in bad weather conditions. There were five fatalities plus two on the ground.[16]
  • On 27 November 2008 XL Airways Germany A320 Flight 888T, a test flight of an A320-232 stalled in a low speed test and control could not be regained, causing the aircraft to crash into the sea off the southern French coast. The aircraft was on lease by XL Airways and scheduled to be returned to Air New Zealand. All seven people aboard died.[17][18][19]
US Airways Flight 1549, ditched in the Hudson River in 2009 with all passengers surviving
  • On 15 January 2009 US Airways Flight 1549, using an Airbus A320-214, en route from New York City LaGuardia Airport to Charlotte, North Carolina, ditched into the Hudson River seven minutes after takeoff. All 150 passengers and five crew survived, with only five serious injuries. The accident was due to a collision with a flock of Canada geese, which disabled both engines.[20] The entire airframe including the wings, has been preserved at the Carolinas Aviation Museum and is now on display. This was also the first ditching of an A320.
  • On 29 August 2011 Gulf Air Flight GF 270, using an Airbus A320, from Bahrain to Cochin carrying 143 people, skidded off the runway on landing.[21] The weather was poor with heavy rain and strong winds. The aircraft was badly damaged and seven passengers were injured. Some people were reported to have jumped from an emergency exit when the evacuation slide failed to deploy.[22][23]
  • On 20 September 2012 Syrian Air Flight RB-501, using an Airbus A320-212, collided in mid-air with a military helicopter. The A320 lost half its vertical stabilizer but landed safely; the helicopter crashed, killing three of its occupants.[citation needed]
  • On 2 June 2013 Cebu Pacific Flight 971, using an Airbus A320-214 and registered as RP-C3266 carrying 165 passengers inbound from Manila, overshot the runway at Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City during a heavy rain. There were no fatalities and injuries, however the plane was heavily damaged and written-off.[24]

A321[edit]

  • On 21 March 2003 TransAsia Airways Flight 543, using an Airbus A321 and registered as B-22603 on a flight from Taipei Songshan Airport, landed at Tainan Airport and collided with a truck on the runway. The truck went on the runway without noticing the incoming plane. The 175 passengers and crew were uninjured but the two people in the truck were injured. The aircraft was severely damaged in the accident and was written off.[25]
  • On 28 July 2010 Airblue Flight 202, an Airbus A321 flying from Karachi to Islamabad, crashed in Margalla Hills in Islamabad, Pakistan. The weather was poor with low visibility. During a non-standard self-created approach procedure below Minimum Descent Altitude the aircraft collided with terrain after the captain ignored a total of 21 cockpit warnings to pull-up. 146 passengers and six crew were on board the aircraft. There were no survivors.[26] The commander, Pervez Iqbal Chaudry, was one of Airblue's most senior pilots with more than 35 years' experience. The accident was a Pilot error / Controlled flight into terrain accident.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airbus A320 occurrences. Aviation Safety, 2 April 2012.
  2. ^ Airbus A320 hull-loss occurrences. Aviation Safety, 2 April 2012.
  3. ^ Airbus A320 statistics. Aviation Safety, 2 April 2012.
  4. ^ "JACDEC's Airliner Safety Statistics: Aircraft". JACDEC. 17 May 2007. 
  5. ^ NTSB Accident Database search on A320. NTSB. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  6. ^ Katz, Peter."Glass-Cockpit Blackout". Plane & Pilot Magazine, 21 October 2008. Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
  7. ^ NTSB Safety Recommendation A-08-53 through −55. NTSB, 22 July 2008. Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
  8. ^ Air Accidents Investigation: 2/2008 G-EUOB. Aaib.gov.uk, 22 October 2005. Retrieved on 12 January 2011.
  9. ^ "4K-AZ04 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 19 August 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  10. ^ "EI-EDM Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2 October 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "AAIB special bulletin S3/2013". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  12. ^ Smith, Derek J. (2 May 2001). "Transportation Disasters – Aerospace". [dead link]
  13. ^ "Accident description Iberia EC-HKJ". Aviation Safety Network. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Final Accident Report" (PDF). Russian Interstate Aviation Committee. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2007. 
  15. ^ "Accident description PR-MBK". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  16. ^ "Four Dead After Airliner Overshoots Honduras runway". CNN. 30 May 2008. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2008. 
  17. ^ "Official: Airbus A320 crashes into sea off France". CNN. 27 November 2008. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2008. 
  18. ^ Field, Michael (28 November 2008). "Five New Zealanders in Air NZ plane crash". Fairfax New Zealand. Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2008. 
  19. ^ "Airbus jet crashes in test flight". BBC News. 27 November 2008. Archived from the original on 28 November 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2008. 
  20. ^ Augstums, Ieva; Mitch Weiss (15 January 2009). "Charlotte final destination for most on down plane". FoxNews.com. Associated Press. 
  21. ^ "Gulf Air skids in Cochin". NDTV, 29 August 2011.
  22. ^ "Gulf Air A320 Skids off Runway in Kochi". Aviation Week. 29 August 2011. 
  23. ^ "Gulf Air plane skids off runway in Indi". BBC News. 29 August 2011. 
  24. ^ Manlupig, Karlos (2 June 2013). "Cebu Pacific plane overshoots Davao airport runway". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Accident Transasia Airlines Flight 543 A321 B-22603 | Airfleets aviation". Airfleets.net. 22 March 2003. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  26. ^ "Crash: AirBlue A321 near Islamabad on Jul 28th 2010, impacted mountaineous terrain near the airport". Avherald.com. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  27. ^ "Accident description Airblue AP-BJB". Aviation Safety Network. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013.