Acclaim Entertainment

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Acclaim Entertainment, Inc.
Former type Public
Traded as NASDAQ: AKLM
Industry Interactive entertainment
Fate Bankruptcy
Successor(s) Acclaim Games
Founded 1987 (1987)
Founder(s) Greg Fischbach
Defunct September 1, 2004 (2004-09-01)
Headquarters Glen Cove, New York, U.S.
Area served Worldwide
Key people Greg Fischbach, CEO
Products Video games, comic books
Employees ≈800 (2001)[1]
Subsidiaries Iguana Entertainment, Probe Entertainment, Sculptured Software, Valiant Comics
Website Acclaim.com

Acclaim Entertainment was an American video game developer and publisher. It developed, published, marketed and distributed interactive entertainment software for a variety of hardware platforms, including Mega Drive/Genesis, Saturn, Dreamcast, and Game Gear, NES, SNES, Nintendo 64, GameCube, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance, PlayStation and PlayStation 2, Xbox, personal computer systems and arcade games. It also released video games for the Sega Master System in Europe.

After Acclaim Entertainment's 2004 demise, the Acclaim brand and logotype were purchased by the unrelated company Acclaim Games (defunct from August 26, 2010). Canadian video game publisher Throwback Entertainment acquired more than 150 titles from Acclaim's video game library. In July 2010, We Go Interactive Co., Ltd., based in Seoul, Korea, purchased all IP related with Re-Volt, RC Revenge Pro, RC De GO from Throwback Entertainment.[2]

History[edit]

Founded in 1987 as a Delaware corporation, Acclaim maintained operations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, Australia, and Japan.[3] In its initial years, Acclaim was exclusively a video game publisher, either farming out the creation of its video games to external developers or localizing existing video games from overseas. But as it grew, it purchased some independent studios, including Iguana Entertainment of Austin, Texas; Probe Entertainment of London, England; and Sculptured Software of Salt Lake City, Utah.[4][5]

The name of the company was picked because it had to be alphabetically above the co-founder's former place of employment, Activision, and also had to be alphabetically above Accolade (another company formed by ex-Activision employees). This was a common formula for picking names of new companies that were founded by ex-Activision employees (the founders of Activision used this formula when they left Atari).[citation needed]

Many of Acclaim's products were licensed titles: games based on comics, television series and movies. They were also responsible for the ports of many of Midway's arcade games in the early to mid-1990s, including the Mortal Kombat series. They also published some games from other companies that at the time of publication didn't have an American branch, such as Technōs Japan's Double Dragon II: The Revenge and Taito's Bust-a-Move series.

In the 1990s, Sunsoft joined forces with Acclaim Entertainment to handle ad sales rights to Sunsoft's video games for game consoles.

The waning of the arcade game industry, coupled with some poor sales and public enthusiasm from several key titles led to the eventual loss of many of their licenses. One result of this was their late refactoring of the Dave Mirra's Freestyle BMX series.

In June 1994, the company switched from video gaming to a media conglomerate.

In 1995, the company acquired Sculptured Software, Iguana Entertainment and Probe Entertainment and the companies switched to the first-party development studio, known as Acclaim Studios from 1999 to 2004.[5]

A less significant aspect of Acclaim's business was the development and publication of strategy guides relating to their software products and the issuance of "special edition" comic magazines, via Acclaim Comics, to support the more lucrative brand names. Lastly, they created the ASF/AMC motion capture format which is still in use in the industry today.[6]

Acclaim enjoyed a long relationship with the World Wrestling Federation dating back to 1988's WWF WrestleMania. However, after failing to match the success of World Championship Wrestling's THQ/AKI games amidst the Monday Night Wars, the WWF unexpectedly defected to THQ in 1999. Acclaim then picked up the license to Extreme Championship Wrestling and released two games for the company. ECW declared bankruptcy in 2001 while still owing Acclaim money. The game publisher would release three wrestling titles under the Legends of Wrestling banner in the throes of its final years.[7]

In 2001, Probe Entertainment became Acclaim Cheltenham.[citation needed]

In May, 2002 Acclaim bought most of the assets of the Software Creations studio and established a new development company, known as Acclaim Studios Manchester.[8] In December 2002, Acclaim closed its Salt Lake City studio (formerly veteran developer Sculptured Software).[9]

Acclaim suffered multiple lawsuits, a portion of them with former partners. Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen sued over unpaid royalties.[10]

Acclaim suffered financial problems in 2004, the result of poor sales of their video and video game titles. This resulted in the closure of Acclaim Studios Cheltenham and Acclaim Studios Manchester in England and other places and their filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, leaving many employees unpaid. Amongst the titles under development at the UK studios were Emergency Mayhem, Kung Faux and Made Man.

On September 1, 2004, Acclaim filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court of New York, which would virtually annihilate their company in liquidating all possible assets to pay off their debt which reportedly tops USD$100 million.[citation needed]

An attempt to reopen the Cheltenham and Manchester studios in October 2004 (under the new name Exclaim) failed due to legal wrangling over IP, with both the US and UK administrators claiming rights.

In August 2005, former Activision executive Howard Marks purchased the name "Acclaim" for a reported $100,000. In the beginning of 2006, Marks formed a new company called Acclaim Games. According to a job listing for the company, Acclaim Games was aimed at the US and UK preteen multiplayer markets. However the second iteration of Acclaim did not go well due to connectivity and payment issues for their online games, along with a lack of action against dishonest players, earning that iteration of the company an "F" grade from the Los Angeles/Southern California Better Business Bureau.[11]

In 2006, Throwback Entertainment, a video game company that had once considered acquiring Acclaim Entertainment, announced that it had purchased more than 50 of Acclaim's games, and vowed to bring such titles as Re-Volt, Extreme-G, Gladiator: Sword of Vengeance, Vexx, Fur Fighters and many other franchises into the next generation and beyond.[12]

In July 2010, We Go Interactive Co.,Ltd, based in Seoul, Korea, acquired all IP related with Re-Volt, RC Revenge Pro, RC De Go from Throwback Entertainment.[2]

Controversies[edit]

During Acclaim's decline towards bankruptcy, an executive Steve Perry, made several controversial business and marketing decisions. One example was a promise that a USD $10,000 (£5000) prize would be awarded to UK parents who would name their baby "Turok", to promote the release of Turok: Evolution.[13] Another was an attempt to buy advertising space on actual tombstones for a Shadowman game.[13]

In the last iteration of the BMX series, BMX XXX, semi-nude, nude and pornographic content (e.g., full motion video of strippers and nude female riders) was added in hopes of boosting sales.[14] However, like most of its other contemporary titles, BMX XXX sold poorly and was derided for its content and poor gameplay.[citation needed] Dave Mirra himself publicly disowned the game, stating that he was not involved in the decision to include nudity, and he sued Acclaim for fear of being associated with BMX XXX.[15] Another was from Acclaim's own investors, claiming that Acclaim management had published misleading financial reports.[14]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Studios[edit]

Labels[edit]

  • Arena Entertainment, founded as Mirrorsoft, acquired in 1992, discontinued in 1994.
  • Acclaim Max Sports
  • Acclaim Sports
  • AKA Acclaim (Athletes Kick Ass)
  • Club Acclaim
  • Flying Edge in Glen Cove, New York, started in 1991, discontinued in 1994.
  • LJN, founded in 1970, acquired in 1988, closed in 1994. Brand briefly revived in 2000.

Games[edit]

Name Release date Platform(s) Ref(s)
18 Wheeler: American Pro Trucker 2002 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
2001 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
AFL Live 2003 2002 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
AFL Live 2004 2003 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
AFL Live Premiership Edition 2004 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Alias 2004 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Mobile [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Alien 3 1992 Amiga [citation needed]
1992 Commodore 64 [citation needed]
1993 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
1994 Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
1993 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
1992 Sega Master System [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball '97 1997 PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball '99 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball 2000 1999 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Game Boy Color [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball 2001 2000 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Game Boy Color [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball 2002 2001 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball 2003 2002 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball 2004 2003 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
All-Star Baseball 2005 2004 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
ATV Quad Power Racing 2 2003 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Armorines: Project S.W.A.R.M. 1999 Game Boy Color [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Aggressive Inline 2002 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Batman & Robin 1998 PlayStation [citation needed]
Batman Forever 1995 DOS [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Master System [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Blast Lacrosse 2001 PlayStation [citation needed]
BMX XXX 2002 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Bubble Bobble/Rainbow Islands 1995 PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Burnout 2002 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
2001 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
2002 Xbox [citation needed]
Burnout 2: Point of Impact 2003 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
2002 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
2003 Xbox [citation needed]
Bust-a-Move 2 1996 Game Boy [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Bust a Move 99 1999 Game Boy [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
College Slam 1996 DOS [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Constructor 1997 PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Crazy Taxi 2001 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
D 1995 3DO [citation needed]
DOS [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Dave Mirra Freestyle BMX 2000 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Game Boy Color [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Dave Mirra Freestyle BMX 2 2001 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Dave Mirra Freestyle BMX 3 2002 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
Dragonheart: Fire & Steel 1996 DOS [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
ECW Anarchy Rulz 2000 Dreamcast [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
ECW Hardcore Revolution 2000 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Game Boy Color [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Extreme-G 1997 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Extreme-G 2 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Fantastic Four 1997 PlayStation [citation needed]
Forsaken 2003 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Fur Fighters 2000 Dreamcast [citation needed]
2001 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
2000 Windows [citation needed]
Gladiator: Sword of Vengeance 2003 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Iggy's Reckin' Balls 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Itchy & Scratchy in Miniature Golf Madness 1994 Game Boy [citation needed]
Jupiter Strike 1995 PlayStation [citation needed]
Justice League Task Force 1995 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Krusty's Fun House 1992 Amiga [citation needed]
DOS [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Master System [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Kevin Sheedy AFL Coach 2002 2001 Windows [citation needed]
Legends of Wrestling 2002 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
2001 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
2002 Xbox [citation needed]
Legends of Wrestling II 2002 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Machines 1999 Windows [citation needed]
Mark Davis' The Fishing Master 1995 Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Mary-Kate and Ashley: Get A Clue 1999 Game Boy [citation needed]
Mary-Kate and Ashley: Get A Clue 2 2000 Game Boy Color [citation needed]
Mary-Kate and Ashley: Magical Mystery Mall 1999 PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Mortal Kombat 1992 DOS [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega 32X [citation needed]
Sega CD [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Mortal Kombat II 1993 DOS [citation needed]
Sega 32X [citation needed]
Sega Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
NBA Jam Extreme 1996 Arcade [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
1997 Windows [citation needed]
NBA Jam 99 1998 Game Boy [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
NBA Jam 2000 1999 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
NBA Jam 2001 2000 Game Boy [citation needed]
NBA Jam 2002 2002 Game Boy Advance [citation needed]
NBA Jam 2003 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 1993 Game Boy [citation needed]
1995 Sega 32X [citation needed]
1994 Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 96 December 1995 DOS [citation needed]
Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 97 1996 DOS [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 98 1997 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 99 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 2000 1999 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 2001NFL QB Club 2001 2000 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
NFL Quarterback Club 2002NFL QB Club 2002 2001 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
NHL Breakaway 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
1997 PlayStation [citation needed]
NHL Breakaway '99 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Othello 1988 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Paris-Dakar Rally 2001 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Paris-Dakar 2: The World's Ultimate Rally 2003 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Predator 2 1992 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Rambo 1987 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Re-Volt 1999 Arcade [citation needed]
Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
RC Revenge 2000 PlayStation [citation needed]
RC Revenge Pro 2000 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Revolution X 1995 PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Shadow Man 1999 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Shadow Man: 2econd Coming 2002 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Showdown: Legends of Wrestling 2004 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Smash TV 1991 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
South Park 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
South Park Rally 2000 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
South Park: Chef's Luv Shack 1999 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Space Jam 1996 PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six 1992 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
1993 Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
1992 Sega Master System [citation needed]
Spider-Man/X-Men: Arcade's Revenge 1993 Game Boy [citation needed]
1992 Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
1993 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
1992 Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Spider-Man and Venom: Maximum Carnage 1994 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Spider-Man: The Animated Series 1995 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Stargate 1995 Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Summer Heat Beach Volleyball 2001 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
The Addams Family 1992 Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Master System [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
The Itchy & Scratchy Game 1995 Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
The Simpsons: Bart & the Beanstalk 1994 Game Boy [citation needed]
The Simpsons: Bartman Meets Radioactive Man 1992 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
The Simpsons: Bart vs. the Space Mutants 1991 Amiga [citation needed]
Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
Sega Master System [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
The Simpsons: Bart vs. the World 1991 Amiga [citation needed]
Atari ST [citation needed]
Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Sega Master System [citation needed]
Sega Game Gear [citation needed]
The Simpsons: Bart vs. The Juggernauts 1992 Game Boy [citation needed]
The Simpsons: Bart's Nightmare 1992 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
TrickStyle 1992 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Trog! 1991 DOS [citation needed]
Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Turok: Dinosaur Hunter 1997 Game Boy [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Turok 2: Seeds of Evil 1998 Game Boy Color [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Turok 3: Shadow of Oblivion 1998 Game Boy Color [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Turok: Rage Wars 1999 Game Boy Color [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
Turok: Evolution 2002 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Windows [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Venom/Spider-Man: Separation Anxiety 1995 DOS [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
Vexx 2003 Nintendo GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]
Virtua Tennis 2 2002 PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Virtual Bart 1994 Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
WWF in Your House 1996 DOS [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
WWF WrestleMania 1988 Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
WWF WrestleMania: The Arcade Game 1996 DOS [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
WWF War Zone 1998 Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
WWF Attitude 1999 Dreamcast [citation needed]
Nintendo 64 [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
WWF Raw 1995 Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega 32x [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
WWF Royal Rumble 1994 Game Boy [citation needed]
Sega Mega Drive/Genesis [citation needed]
Super Nintendo Entertainment System [citation needed]
X-Men: Children of the Atom 1997 DOS [citation needed]
PlayStation [citation needed]
Sega Saturn [citation needed]
XG3: Extreme G Racing 2001 GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
XGRA: Extreme-G Racing Association 2003 GameCube [citation needed]
PlayStation 2 [citation needed]
Xbox [citation needed]

Headquarters[edit]

Acclaim had its headquarters in One Acclaim Plaza,[16] located in Glen Cove, New York. Acclaim bought the 3 story, 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2), Class A office building in 1994 for $4 million.[17] Acclaim was originally located in the hamlet of Oyster Bay in the Town of Oyster Bay.[18] It originally occupied a one-room office in Oyster Bay. At a later time it occupied a brick structure with two stories.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "L.I. @ WORK; Acclaim Entertainment: Back in the Groove". New York Times. 2003-03-31. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  2. ^ a b "Throwback Press Release: Re-Volt Sale". Throwback Entertainment. 2011-02-23. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  3. ^ "Acclaim Entertainment- History Re-Volt Sale". Acclaim Entertainment. 2003. Archived from the original on 2003-08-01. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  4. ^ "Acclaim to Buy Iguana". New York Times. 1994-12-21. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Acclaim to acquire world's largest independent entertainment software developers; company to purchase both Probe and Sculptured Software in stock swaps. - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 1995-10-10. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  6. ^ "Acclaim ASF/AMC". Cs.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  7. ^ McLaughlin, Rus IGN Presents the History of Wrestling Games IGN (November 12, 2008). Retrieved on 2-03-11.
  8. ^ "Software Creations Ltd". MobyGames. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  9. ^ Varanini, Giancarlo. "Acclaim closes Salt Lake City studio". GameSpot. 
  10. ^ "Olsen Twins Sue Acclaim Over Royalties". Los Angeles Times. 2004-04-27. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  11. ^ "Acclaim Games Incorporated Business Review in Beverly Hills, CA". La.bbb.org. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  12. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (2006-07-10). "Q&A: Throwback CEO Thomas Maduri". GameSpot. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  13. ^ a b "'Turok' maker plays the name game". CNET. 2002-08-27. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  14. ^ a b "L.I.@WORK". New York Times. 2003-03-23. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  15. ^ "L.I.@WORK". New York Times. 2003-11-03. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  16. ^ "Headquarters." Acclaim Entertainment. June 23, 2000. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Acclaim buys Glen Cove site." Real Estate Weekly. July 20, 1994. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  18. ^ Standard and Poor's Register of Corporations, Directors and Executives, Volume 1. Standard & Poor's, 1995. Page listing Acclaim. Retrieved from Google Books on July 8, 2010. "ACCLAIM ENTERTAINMENT INC. (See Corporate Information Section) 71 Audrey Ave., Oyster Bay, NY 11771"
  19. ^ Pederson, James P. International Directory of Company Histories, Volume 24. St. James Press, 1998. Approx. Pages 3-7-ish. Retrieved from Google Books on July 8, 2010. ISBN 1-55862-365-5, ISBN 978-1-55862-365-1 "Acclaim went from a shoestring budget and one-room office in Oyster Bay, to a two-story brick structure,"

External links[edit]