Accokeek, Maryland

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Accokeek, Maryland
Census-designated place
Location of Accokeek, Maryland
Location of Accokeek, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°40′20″N 077°01′05″W / 38.67222°N 77.01806°W / 38.67222; -77.01806Coordinates: 38°40′20″N 077°01′05″W / 38.67222°N 77.01806°W / 38.67222; -77.01806
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Prince George's
Area
 • Total 28.8 sq mi (74.6 km2)
 • Land 27.4 sq mi (71.0 km2)
 • Water 1.4 sq mi (3.5 km2)
Elevation 190 ft (58 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,573
 • Density 370/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20607
Area code 301
FIPS code 24-00250
GNIS feature ID 596993

Accokeek is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, located about 12 miles (19 km) south of Washington, D.C.[1] The population was 10,573 at the 2010 census.[2] It is home to Piscataway Park.

Geography[edit]

Accokeek is located at 38°40′20″N 77°1′5″W / 38.67222°N 77.01806°W / 38.67222; -77.01806 (38.672216, -77.018072).[3] Accokeek is located directly across the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, the home of President George Washington.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 28.8 square miles (74.6 km2), of which 27.4 square miles (71.0 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.5 km2), or 4.75%, is water.[4]

History[edit]

Captain John Smith was the first European to see the Accokeek area when he sailed up the Potomac River.[5] Father Andrew White, an English Jesuit missionary, later visited the Indian village and chief in nearby Piscataway. English farmers and planters settled the area in the late 17th century, and Christ Church (later Christ Episcopal Church) was established as a "Chapel of Ease" mission of St. John's Broad Creek in 1698.[citation needed] Marshall Hall was an outstanding colonial home southwest of Accokeek, in the river bottomlands near Bryans Road.

Henry and Alice Ferguson settled in Accokeek when they purchased "Hard Bargain Farm" overlooking the Potomac River in 1922, as a vacation retreat.[6] Henry Ferguson (1882–1966), an Ivy League-educated man (Harvard and Yale), worked for the Geological Survey starting in 1911.[7][8][9] Alice Leczinska Lowe Ferguson (1880–1951), wife of Henry Gardiner Ferguson, trained as a painter at the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C, and had interests in archeology as well.[10][11] Supposing it to be the site of the Moyaone (or Moyoane) Indian Village in Accokeek visited by Captain John Smith,[12] during his early explorations of North America, in the 1930s Alice Ferguson initiated archeological excavations. She wrote papers on the Piscataway Indians. A recent source states that while the site is probably not the one described by Captain John Smith, it is nonetheless still important.[13] In 1966, the Accokeek Creek Site was made a National Historic Landmark.[10]

After World War II, Maryland Route 210, a new two-lane highway to Washington, D.C., opened rural Accokeek to settlement by commuters. It attracted a limited number of settlers, especially U.S. Naval scientists and other intellectuals who built contemporary-style homes in an ecologically protected restricted area of west Accokeek called the "Moyaone Reserve". It retains a rural scenic character to this day.[14] Some of these homes were designed individually by architect Charles Wagner, an early Moyaone resident whose family are still active in the community. Dorothy Odell, The Home of Architect Charles Wagner.

Not until about 1990 did large-scale housing developments come closer to Accokeek than Fort Washington. That was shortly followed by a supermarket, public library, and improved bus transit. Plans to build a Wal-Mart were defeated by local activists.[citation needed]

The federally run National Colonial Farm, and the adjacent but separate Hard Bargain (Ferguson Foundation) Farm, are educational facilities enjoyed by families and school groups throughout the year. They offer numerous living history festivals, a fishing pier, avant-garde theater play performances, a colorful Oktoberfest, and environmental education through overnight camps.

In the 1990s, Maryland Route 228 was linked with Route 210, offering Accokeek residents faster access to shopping in the fast-growing city of Waldorf. The intersection of Route 210 and Route 228, is one of only a handful of continuous-flow intersections in the United States.

Italian arms company Beretta opened a factory in Accokeek in the 1970s.[15] It won a federal contract to produce pistols for the military in 1985.[16]

On April 4, 2013, the company reported it would move its facilities out of Maryland to a state with a more business friendly environment for its products. It employs 400 people and pays $31 mil. to Maryland yearly.[17]

National Register of Historic Places sites[edit]

The following sites located at Accokeek are included on the National Register of Historic Places:

Landmark name Image Date listed Location
1 Accokeek Creek Site 1966-10-15 Address Restricted
2 Bellevue 1986-08-21 200 Manning Rd. E
3 Piscataway Park Piscataway park.jpg 1966-10-15 E of Potomac River, south of Piscataway Creek, in Prince George's and Charles Counties

Street racing[edit]

The long, straight, open stretches of the Indian Head Highway made it the site of informal street races. In the early morning hours of February 16, 2008, eight spectators of a drag race died, and at least four were injured, when a vehicle that was involved in a second, separate race ran through a crowd standing in the middle of Indian Head Highway (MD-210) in Accokeek.[18][19]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 3,894
1990 4,477 15.0%
2000 7,349 64.2%
2010 10,573 43.9%

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 7,349 people, 2,423 households, and 1,952 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 327.9 people per square mile (126.6/km²). There were 2,562 housing units at an average density of 114.3/sq mi (44.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 43.16% White, 47.60% African American, 0.52% Native American, 5.20% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 2.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.34% of the population.

There were 2,423 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $79,419, and the median income for a family was $82,314. Males had a median income of $48,545 versus $39,016 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,519. About 2.3% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Accokeek, Maryland". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Accokeek CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 14, 2011. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Accokeek CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ Robert S. Grumet (September 2000). "Bay, Plain and Piedmont" (PDF). Chesapeake Bay Heritage Context Project. p. 43. 
  6. ^ "Alice Ferguson Foundation – The Ferguson Era". Archived from the original on August 6, 2008. 
  7. ^ "History and Tradition". Henry G. Ferguson Elementary School. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  8. ^ "A Guide to Early African Collections in the Smithsonian Institution" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution. 1994. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  9. ^ Catalogue — Students in the School 1910-1911. Yale University Graduate School. 1906. p. 155. 
  10. ^ a b "Alice and Our Beginnings". Alice Ferguson Foundation. Retrieved 2007-10-12. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Alice Lowe Leczinska Ferguson". Ask ART. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  12. ^ Captain John Smith, diary and book, Chesapeake Voyages, 1607-1609, an account of exploration of the Chesapeake Bay region including stop at Moyoane Indian village on the Potomac River.
  13. ^ Richard J. Dent, Jr. (1995). Chesapeake prehistory old traditions, new directions. Springer. pp. 45–46. ISBN 0-306-45028-3. 
  14. ^ Ann Cameron Siegal (2005-07-23). "Quietly Tucked In Near the Potomac". The Washington Post. pp. G01. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 
  15. ^ "Beretta Celebrates 475 Years of Gunmaking". Gallery of Guns. 2002-11-22. Retrieved 2007-12-25. [dead link] According to this source, the factory opened in 1977.
  16. ^ Clede, Bill (December 1989). "SI Profile: Beretta U.S.A - firearm manufacturer - company profile". Shooting Industry. Retrieved 2007-12-25.  According to this source, the factory size was doubled in 1985 after Beretta was awarded a contract to produce the U.S. Armed Forces new standard issue 9mm sidearms, under the XM-9 contract.
  17. ^ "Beretta Leaves Maryland Tax loss of $31 mil.". Drudge.com. April 4, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Street-race crash kills 7 in crowd". CNN. 2008-02-16. Archived from the original on 2008-02-17. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  19. ^ Castaneda, Ruben (August 5, 2008). "Men Charged in Race Lied, Prosecutors Say". The Washington Post (Washington, D.C.). Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]