Accounting machine

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This article is about a class of small business-oriented machines in use from the early 1900s through the 1980s. For other uses, see Tabulating machines.

An accounting machine, or bookkeeping machine or recording-adder, was generally a calculator and printer combination tailored for a specific commercial activity such as billing, payroll, or ledger.[1][2] Accounting machines were widespread from the early 1900s to 1980s,[3] but were rendered obsolete by the availability of low-cost computers such as the IBM PC.

This type of machine is generally distinct from unit record equipment (some unit record machines were also called accounting machines).

List of Vendors/Accounting Machines[edit]

See also[edit]

Unit record equipment

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turck, J.A.V. (1921). Origin of Modern calculating Machines. The Western Society of Engineers. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Cortada, James W (1993). Before the Computer; IBM, NCR, Burroughs & Remmington Rand & The Industry They Created 1865-1956. Princeton University Press. pp. 158–162. ISBN 0-691-04807-X. 
  3. ^ Akera, Atsushi; Nebeker, Frederik (2002). From 0 to 1: An Authoritative History of Modern Computing. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514025-7. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Mecham (ed.), Alan D. (1961). Data Processing Equipment Encyclopedia vol.1: Electromechanical Devices. Gille. 
  5. ^ a b c Mecham (ed.), Alan D. (1961). Data Processing Equipment Encyclopedia vol.2: Electronic Devices. Gille. 
  6. ^ Burroughs E1400
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Weik, Martin H. (1955). A Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems. Ballistic Research Laboratories. 
  8. ^ Fierheller, George A. (2006). Do Not Fold, Spindle or Mutilate: The 'Hole' Story of Punched Cards. Stewart. ISBN 1-894183-86-X. 
  9. ^ Underwood Elecom 50