Accrington (UK Parliament constituency)

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Accrington
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Lancashire
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Hyndburn
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency

Accrington was a parliamentary constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. The original county constituency of North East Lancashire was replaced by a borough constituency for the 1918 general election. The constituency was based on the town of Accrington.

From the 1983 general election the constituency was abolished. The successor seat was Hyndburn, named after the local government area including the town of Accrington. 85.5% of the new seat came from the former Accrington constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was part of the historic county of Lancashire in North West England.

1885–1918[edit]

The constituency, officially named North East Lancashire, Accrington Division consisted of the Municipal Borough of Accrington, and the parishes of Altham, Church, Clayton-le-Moors, Hapton, Huncoat, Oswaldtwistle, and Rishton.[1]

Neighbouring constituencies were Blackburn to the south west and Burnley to the north east and Darwen to the north. Accrington also had short boundaries with Clitheroe at both its north and east borders and Rossendale to the south and south east.

1918–1983[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised constituencies throughout Great Britain. Constituencies were defined in terms of the districts created by the Local Government Act 1894.

The Parliamentary Borough of Accrington consisted of the Municipal Borough of Accrington and the Urban Districts of Church, Clayton-le-Moors, Oswaldtwistle, and Rishton. The three parishes of Altham, Hapton and Huncoat passed to the Clitheroe constituency.[2]

The Representation of the People Act 1948 replaced the term "parliamentary borough" with "borough constituency". The Accrington Borough Constituency was defined in the same terms as in the 1918 legislation. However there were boundary changes reflecting local government changes in the 1930s: the Huncoats area rejoined the constituency as the parish had been absorbed by the Borough of Accrington, while an enlargement of the county borough of Blackburn took away part of Rishton.[3] These boundaries were first used in the 1950 general election.

Abolition[edit]

In 1974 local government in England and Wales was reorganised. However parliamentary boundaries were not altered until 1983. The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 created new constituencies based on the new districts. A new Hyndburn Borough Constituency was formed. The new seat included the whole of the Accrington constituency with the addition of Altham and Great Harwood.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Frederick William Grafton Liberal
1886 Robert Hodge Conservative
1892 Sir Joseph Francis Leese Liberal
1910 Harold Trevor Baker Liberal
1918 Ernest Gray Coalition Conservative
1922 Charles Roden Buxton Labour
1923 John Hugh Edwards 1 Liberal
1924 Constitutionalist
1924 Liberal
1929 Tom Snowden Labour
1931 Henry Adam Procter Conservative
1945 Walter Scott-Elliot Labour
1950 Henry Hynd Labour
1966 Arthur Davidson Labour
1983 constituency abolished - see Hyndburn

Note:-

  • 1 Edwards contested the 1924 election as a Constitutionalist, with Liberal and Conservative support, but he took the Liberal Whip in the 1924–1929 Parliament.

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 3 May 1979:

Borough constituency of Accrington
Electorate 50,822, Turnout 78.73%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Davidson 19,576 48.93 -0.25
Conservative A Cheetham 16,282 40.69 +6.93
Liberal R Holden 3,646 9.11 -5.03
National Front David Riley 508 1.27 -1.65
Majority 3,294 8.23 -7.19
Turnout 40,012 78.73 -0.64
Labour hold
General Election 10 October 1974:

Borough constituency of Accrington
Electorate 50,820, Turnout 79.37%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Davidson 19,838 49.18 +1.7
Conservative J McLaughlin 13,618 33.76 +1.78
Liberal W I Cooper 5,704 14.14 -2.88
National Front David Riley 1,176 2.92 N/A
Majority 6,220 15.42 +3.51
Turnout 40,336 79.37 -4.48
Labour hold
General Election February 1974:
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Davidson 20,050 47.50 -3.22
Conservative Alan d'Arcy Fearn[5] 15,018 35.54 -13.24
Liberal W I Cooper 7,191 17.02 N/A
Majority 5,032 11.91 +10.46
Turnout 42,259 83.85 +3.63
Labour hold Swing 5.2
General Election 18 June 1970:
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Davidson 20,828 50.72 -2.32
Conservative Dr Reginald C Webster 20,234 49.28 +13.2
Majority 594 1.45 -15.51
Turnout 41,062 80.22
Labour hold

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 31 March 1966:

Borough constituency of Accrington

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Davidson 21,330 53.04 +3.32
Conservative D L Maxwell 14,508 36.08 -0.54
Liberal J H S Gould 4,375 10.88 -2.79
Majority 6,822 16.96 +3.86
Turnout 40,213 83.06 -1.40
Labour hold
General Election 15 October 1964:

Borough constituency of Accrington

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Henry Hynd 20,561 49.72
Conservative Victor Montagu 15,143 36.62
Liberal T A Maher 5,653 13.67
Majority 5,418 13.10
Turnout 41,357 84.46

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 8 October 1959:

Borough constituency of Accrington
Electorate 49,933, Turnout 87.89%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Henry Hynd 22,242 50.68
Conservative M Henry 21,642 49.32
Majority 600 1.37
Turnout
Labour hold
General Election 26 May 1955:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative
Labour
Majority
Turnout
General Election 25 October 1951:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Majority
Turnout
General Election 23 February 1950:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Liberal
Majority
Turnout

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 5 to 19 July 1945:

constituency of Accrington
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 52,089, Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Capt. Walter Scott-Elliot 21,102
Conservative Maj. Henry Adam Procter 16,025
Liberal GV Mortimer 6,247
Majority
Turnout

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 14 November 1935

Electorate 53,358

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Adam Procter 25,273 54.4
Labour FG Burgess 21,203 45.6
Majority 4,070 8.8
Turnout 32,696 67.7
General Election 27 October 1931:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 54,688 Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Adam Procter 30,799
Labour Tom Snowden 18,177
Majority
Turnout

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929:

Parliamentary Borough of Accrington
Composed of the Municipal Borough of Accrington, Urban Districts of Church, Clayton le Moors, Oswaldtwistle and Rishton
Electorate 54,591, Turnout 88.8%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Snowden 25,336 52.3
Liberal John Hugh Edwards 23,110 47.7
Majority 2,226 4.6
Labour gain from Constitutionalist
General Election 29 October 1924

Electorate 42,873

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Constitutionalist John Hugh Edwards 20,391
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 18,148
Majority
Turnout
General Election 6 December 1923

Electorate 42,507

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Hugh Edwards 19,981 54.3
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 13,793
Majority
Turnout 86.5
Charles Roden Buxton
General Election 15 November 1922

Electorate 41,960

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 16,462
Conservative Ernest Gray 11,408
Liberal Rt Hon. Harold Trevor Baker 9,395
Majority 5,054 13.7
Turnout 88.7

Election in the 1910s[edit]

Harold Baker
General Election 14 December 1918:

Accrington
Electorate 42,160, Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Maj Ernest Gray 13,808
Liberal Rt Hon Harold Trevor Baker 8,378
Labour Charles Roden Buxton 6,369
National Democratic William Hammond 738
Majority
Turnout

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seventh Schedule: Counties at Large, Part I: England, Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 (C.23)
  2. ^ Ninth Schedule, Part 1(2): Parliamentary Boroughs, England excluding London and Monmouthshire, Representation of the People Act, 1918 (C.64)
  3. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II: Northern England, London, 1991
  4. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
  5. ^ "Alan Fearn". Daily Telegraph. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945–1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)