Acer davidii

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Acer davidii
Acer davidii leaves.JPG
A. davidii subsp. davidii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Acer
Binomial name
Acer davidii
Franch.

Acer davidii (Père David's Maple), is a species of maple in the snakebark maple group. It is native to China, from Jiangsu south to Fujian and Guangdong, and west to southeastern Gansu and Yunnan.[1]

The tree was originally discovered by Basque priest Armand David who was in Central China as a missionary. It was re-discovered by Charles Maries during his visit to Jiangsu in 1878.[2]

It is a small deciduous tree growing to 10–15 m tall with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter, though usually smaller and often with multiple trunks, and a spreading crown of long, arching branches. The bark is smooth, olive-green with regular narrow pale vertical stripes on young trees, eventually becoming dull grey-brown at the base of old trees. The leaves are 6–18 cm long and 4–9 cm broad, with a petiole 3–6 cm long; they are dark green above, paler below, ovate, unlobed or weakly three-lobed, with a serrated margin. They turn to bright yellow, orange or red in the autumn. The flowers are small, yellow, with five sepals and petals about 4 mm long; they are produced on arching to pendulous 7–12 cm racemes in late spring, with male and female flowers on different racemes. The samara nutlets are 7–10 mm long and 4–6 mm broad, with a wing 2–3 cm long and 5 mm broad.[1][3][4]

Subspecies and cultivars[edit]

There are two subspecies,[1][4] often treated as a distinct species:[3][5]

  • Acer davidii subsp. davidii. Père David's Maple. Bark greenish-brown with white stripes. Shoots pinkish-green. Leaf petiole pink to red; leaf margin usually single-serrate with variably-sized serrations.
  • Acer davidii subsp. grosseri (Pax) de Jong. Hers's Maple (Acer grosseri Pax; syn. Acer hersii Rehd.).[6] Bark green with white to pale green stripes. Shoots green. Leaf petiole green; leaf margin more often three-lobed and double-serrate.

Along with A. rufinerve, the two subspecies of Père David's Maple are among the most commonly cultivated snakebark maples. Both are relatively hardy and fast-growing.[4]

Among the cultivars of A. davidii are:-

In some cases, these cultivars cannot be assigned to one subspecies or the other but are simply considered cultivars of A. davidii.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Flora of China (draft): Aceraceae
  2. ^ Stefan Drew. "Latin plant names make it abundantly clear". www.stefandrew.com. Retrieved 19 October 2008. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.
  4. ^ a b c d e van Gelderen, C. J. & van Gelderen, D. M. (1999). Maples for Gardens: A Color Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ a b Mitchell, A. F. (1974). A Field Guide to the Trees of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins ISBN 0-00-212035-6
  6. ^ RHS Plant Selector Acer grosseri var. hersii AGM / RHS Gardening
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Acer davidii 'George Forrest'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  8. ^ RHS Plant Selector Acer davidii 'Serpentine' AGM / RHS Gardening