Aceratherium

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Aceratherium
Temporal range: Oligocene–Pliocene
Aceratherium incisivum 2 skull.JPG
A. incisivum skull
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Subfamily: Aceratheriinae
Genus: Aceratherium
Kaup (1832)
Species
  • A. acutum
  • A. incisivum
  • A. porpani[1] Deng, Hanta & Jintasakul, 2013

Aceratherium was a genus of rhinoceros of the tribe Aceratheriinae endemic to Africa and Asia from the Oligocene to Pliocene, living 33.9—3.4 mya, existing for approximately 30.5 million years.[2] It reached 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) in length, a height of about 120 cm (47 in) and a weight of nearly 1 ton.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Restoration by Heinrich Harder

Aceratherium was named by Kaup (1832). It was assigned to Rhinocerotidae by Carroll (1988); and to Aceratherini by Kaya and Heissig (2001).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tao Deng, Rattanaphorn Hanta and Pratueng Jintasakul (2013). "A new species of Aceratherium (Rhinocerotidae, Perissodactyla) from the late Miocene of Nakhon Ratchasima, northeastern Thailand". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33 (4): 977–975. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.748058. 
  2. ^ Aceratherium in the Paleobiology Database. Retrieved May 2013.
  3. ^ Esperanza Cerdeño and Begoña Sánchez: Intraspecific variation and evolutionary trends of Alicornops simorrense (Rhinocerotidae) in Spain. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters Zoologica Scripta 29 (4. October), 2000, p. 275–305
  4. ^ T. Kaya and K. Heissig. 2001. Late Miocene rhinocerotids (Mammalia) from Yulafli (Corlu-Thrace/Turkey). Geobios 34(4):457-467