Acetobacterium

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Acetobacterium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Clostridia
Order: Clostridiales
Family: Eubacteriaceae
Genus: Acetobacterium
Balch et al.[1]
Species

Acetobacterium bakii
Acetobacterium carbinolicum
Acetobacterium fimetarium
Acetobacterium malicum
Acetobacterium paludpsum
Acetobacterium tundrae
Acetobacterium wieringae
Acetobacterium woodii

Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. The name has originated from the fact that they are acetogens, predominantly making acetic acid as a by-product of anaerobic metabolism. Most of the species reported in this genus are homoacetogens, i.e. solely producing acetic acid as their metabolic by-product. They should not be confused with acetic acid bacteria which are aerobic, gram-negative alphaproteobacteria and widely used to produce vinegar.

The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Balch, W. E.; Schoberth, S.; Tanner, R. S.; Wolfe, R. S. (1977). "Acetobacterium, a New Genus of Hydrogen-Oxidizing, Carbon Dioxide-Reducing, Anaerobic Bacteria". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27 (4): 355. doi:10.1099/00207713-27-4-355.