Achaean Doric Greek

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Not to be confused with Achaean Greek, an alternative name for the Mycenaean Greek language and civilization.[1][2]

Achaean Doric Greek may refer to:

Doric of Achaea[edit]

  • The Doric Greek dialect spoken in Achaea in the NW Peloponnese, on the islands of Cephallenia and Zacynthus in the Ionian Sea and in the Achaean colonies of Magna Graecia in Southern Italy (including Sybaris and Crotone). This strict Doric dialect was later subject to the influence of mild Doric spoken in Corinthia. It survived to 350 BC.[3] According to Hesychius Achaeans means the Greeks but foremost those inhabiting part of the Peloponnese, called Achaea[4] and gives these words under the ethnic Achaeans:
    • kairoteron <καιρότερον>· ἐνωρότερον. Ἀχαιοί Greek enôroteron earlier (kairos time, enôros early cf. Horae)
    • kephalides Ἀχαιοί δέ κεφαλίδας for standard Greek korsai κόρσαι sideburns (kephalides was also an alternative for epalxeis 'bastions' in Greek proper)
    • sialis <σιαλίς>· βλέννος. Ἀχαιοί Greek blennos (cf. blennorrhea) slime, mud. (Greek sialon or sielon saliva, modern Greek σάλιο salio)

Achaean Doric Koine[edit]

  • Achaean Doric Koine. The common dialect, used in the decrees of the Achaean League. In Arcadia it can be traced very easily because it differs considerably from the old non-Doric Arcadian (see Arcadocypriot Greek). In Achaea itself it helds its ground until the 1st century BC. The Achaean Doric Koine did not develop the extreme features that are typical of the Aegean Doric and North-West Doric Koine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A companion to Homer by Alan John Bayard Wace, Frank H. Stubbings (1962), p. 317. ISBN 978-0-02-622200-6.
  2. ^ The dynamic society: exploring the sources of global change by Graeme Donald Snooks (1996), p. 353. ISBN 0-415-13731-4.
  3. ^ Classification of the West Greek dialects at the time about 350 B.C. by Antonín Bartoněk,Amsterdam, Adolf M. Hakkert, 1972, p. 186.
  4. ^ <Ἀχαιοί>· οἱ Ἕλληνες S κυρίως δὲ <Ἀχαιοὶ> οἱ κατοικοῦντες μέρος τι τῆς Πελοποννήσου, τὴν καλουμένην Ἀχαΐαν (Α 22).

Sources[edit]

  • Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaften: ein Internationales Handbuch by Sylvain Auroux (2001), p. 442.
  • A history of ancient Greek: from the beginnings to late antiquity by Anastasios-Phoivos Christidēs, Maria Arapopoulou (2007), p. 484. ISBN 978-0-521-83307-3.