The Achagua people (also Achawa and Axagua) are an indigenous people in Colombia and Venezuela. At the time of the Spanish colonization of the Americas, their territory covered the present-day Venezuelan states of Bolívar, Guárico and Barinas. In the late twentieth century there were several hundred Achaguas remaining.
Achagua people live in large villages. Clans live together in communal houses. Polygamy is commonplace. They farm crops, such as bitter cassava. They traditionally poison their arrows with curare.
There is a small town in Apure called Achaguas.
Achagua people speak the Achagua language, a Maipurean Arawakan language.