House cricket

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House cricket
Acheta domestica male.png
Male Acheta domesticus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Family: Gryllidae
Genus: Acheta
Species: Acheta domestica
Binomial name
Acheta domestica
(Linnaeus, 1758[1]

Acheta domesticus, commonly called the house cricket, is a cricket most likely native to Southwestern Asia, but has spread worldwide.[2] They are commercially bred as food for pets such as amphibians, arthropods, birds, and reptiles,[3] but can be kept as pets themselves, as has been the case in China and Japan.[4]

Description[edit]

The house cricket is typically gray or brownish in color, growing to 16–21 millimetres (0.63–0.83 in) in length. Males and females look similar, but females will have an ovipositor emerging from the rear, around 12 millimetres (0.47 in) long. The ovipositor is brown-black, and is surrounded by two appendages. On females, the cerci are also more prominent.[5]

Two individuals feeding on a piece of carrot
Deep-fried house crickets sold as food at a market in Thailand

Life cycle[edit]

House crickets take two to three months to complete their life cycle at 80 to 90°F. They have no special overwintering stage, but can survive cold weather in and around buildings, and in dumps where heat from fermentation may sustain them. Eggs are deposited in whatever damp substrate is available. Juveniles resemble the adults except for being smaller and wingless. [2]

Human consumption[edit]

House crickets are also farmed in Thailand, where they have proven to be more popular than the native cricket species due to their superior taste and texture. They are most commonly eaten as a deep-fried snack.[6]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Acheta domesticus at the Encyclopedia of Life
  2. ^ a b Walker TJ. (2007). "House cricket, Acheta domesticus". Featured Creatures. University of Florida/IFAS. 
  3. ^ Galloway, Vickie (January 1998). "Raising Crickets". Scarabogram (Scarabs: The Bug Society) (213): 2–3. 
  4. ^ Kulzer, Louise (March 1998). "House Crickets". Scarabogram (Scarabs: The Bug Society) (215): 2–4. 
  5. ^ "Breeding Crickets". Herp Center. Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
  6. ^ http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/i3246e/i3246e.pdf

Media related to House cricket at Wikimedia Commons