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For other uses, see Achillea (disambiguation).
Achillea millefolium.jpg
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Achillea
Type species
Achillea tenuifolia Lam.

See text


Millefolium Mill.
Source: ING[1]

Achillea /ækɨˈlə/[2] is a genus of about 85 flowering plants, in the family Asteraceae. The common name "yarrow" is normally applied to Achillea millefolium,[3] but may also be used for other species within the genus. They occur in Europe, temperate areas of Asia, and in North America. These plants typically have frilly, hairy, aromatic leaves.

These plants show large, flat clusters of small flowers at the top of the stem. These flowers can be white, yellow, orange, pink or red.

The genus was named after the Greek mythological character Achilles. According to the Iliad, Achilles' soldiers used yarrow to treat their wounds,[4] hence some of its common names such as allheal and bloodwort.

Achillea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Achillea.


A number of species - notably A. filipendulina, A. millefolium, A. ptarmica, are popular garden plants.

List of species[edit]

  • Achillea abrotanoides
  • Achillea acuminate (Ldb.)Sch.Bip.
  • Achillea ageratifolia : Balkan Yarrow, Greek Yarrow
  • Achillea aegyptiaca: Egyptian Yarrow
  • Achillea ageratum : Sweet Yarrow, Sweet Nancy, English Mace
  • Achillea albicaulis
  • Achillea aleppica
  • Achillea alpina Linnea
  • Achillea ambrosiaca
  • Achillea arabica
  • Achillea armenorum
  • Achillea asiatica Serg.
  • Achillea asplenifolia
  • Achillea atrata : Black Yarrow
  • Achillea aucheri
  • Achillea barbeyana
  • Achillea barrelieri
  • Achillea biebersteinii
  • Achillea brachyphylla
  • Achillea bulgarica
  • Achillea cartilaginea : Silver Spray Yarrow
  • Achillea chrysocoma
  • Achillea clavennae : Silvery Yarrow
  • Achillea clusiana
  • Achillea coarctata
  • Achillea collina
  • Achillea cretica
  • Achillea crithmifolia
  • Achillea cucullata
  • Achillea decolorans = synonym of Achillea ageratum Garden Mace
  • Achillea depressa
  • Achillea distans : Alps Yarrow
  • Achillea erba-rotta : Musk Milfoil
  • Achillea falcata
  • Achillea filipendulina Fernleaf Yarrow
  • Achillea fraasii : Filigree Yarrow
  • Achillea fragantissima
  • Achillea lewisii
  • Achillea goniocephala
  • Achillea grandiflora
  • Achillea griseovirens
  • Achillea gypsicola
  • Achillea holosericea
  • Achillea horanszkyi
  • Achillea huteri
  • Achillea kelleri
  • Achillea kotschyi
  • Achillea lanulosa : White Yarrow
  • Achillea Ledebourii Heimerl
  • Achillea ligustica : Ligurian Yarrow
  • Achillea lingulata
  • Achillea macrophylla : Broad-leaved Yarrow
  • Achillea membranacea
  • Achillea micrantha
  • Achillea millefolium : Milfoil, Yarrow, Allheal, Thousand-leaf, Bloodwort, Carpenter's Grass, Cammock, Green arrow,

Gordoloba, Plumajillo, Sneezeweed, Nosebleed, Green Adder's Mouth, Soldier's Woundwort, Dog Daisy, Old-man's-pepper

  • Achillea monocephala
  • Achillea moschata : Musk Milfoil, Forest Lady's Herb
  • Achillea nana : Dwarf Alpine Yarrow
  • Achillea nobilis : Noble Yarrow, Creamy Yarrow
  • Achillea ochroleuca
  • Achillea odorata
  • Achillea oxyloba
  • Achillea oxyodonta
  • Achillea pannonica
  • Achillea phrygia
  • Achillea ptarmica : Sneezewort, Sneezeweed, Sneezewort Yarrow
  • Achillea ptarmicoides Maxim
  • Achillea pyrenaica
  • Achillea roseo-alba
  • Achillea rupestris
  • Achillea santolina
  • Achillea schischkinii
  • Achillea sedelmeyeriana
  • Achillea setacea
  • Achillea sibirica : Siberian Yarrow
  • Achillea sintenisii
  • Achillea sipikorensis
  • Achillea sulpherea
  • Achillea talagonica
  • Achillea taygetea : see Achillea aegyptiaca
  • Achillea tenuifolia Lam.
    • Achillea santolina L.
  • Achillea tomentosa : Woolly Yarrow
  • Achillea tzsonii
  • Achillea umbellata
  • Achillea vermicularis
  • Achillea vermiculata
  • Achillea virescens
  • Achillea wilhelmsii
  • Achillea wilsoniana : Wilson's Yarrow


  • Achillea filipendulina x A. clypeolata - Coronation Gold
  • Achillea clypeolata x A. taygetea (A. aegyptiaca) - Moonshine Yarrow

Toxicity studies[edit]


  1. ^ "Achillea". Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 2006-02-20. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  4. ^ Jalali, Farnood Shokouhi Sabet; Tajik, Hossein, Hadian, Mojtaba (2010). "Efficacy of topical application of alcoholic extract of yarrow in the healing process of experimental burn wounds in rabbit". Comparative Clinical Pathology. doi:10.1007/s00580-010-1081-7. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Achillea at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Achillea at Wikispecies


Silvery Yarrow (Achillea clavenae)
Sweet Yarrow (Achillea ageratum)
Fernleaf Yarrow (Achillea filipendula)