Achillea filipendulina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Achillea filipendulina
Achillea filipendula capítulos.jpg
flower heads
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Achillea
Species: A. filipendulina
Binomial name
Achillea filipendulina
Lam.
Synonyms[1]
  • Achillea eupatorium M.Bieb.
  • Achillea filicifolia M.Bieb.
  • Tanacetum angulatum Willd.

Achillea filipendulina (common names yarrow, fernleaf yarrow, milfoil, nosebleed)[2] is an Asian species of flowering herbaceous perennial plants in the sunflower family, native to central and southwestern Asia (Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Caucasus).[3] It is also naturalized in parts of Europe and North America.[4][5]

Description[edit]

It grows 4 ft (120 cm) high, with fern-like foliage. The leaves are linear, pinnate, lobed and serrated, hairy and rough. The flowers are arranged in corymbs, or panicles, of a complex character; they are very large, often 5 in (13 cm) across. The smaller corymbs are arched or convex, causing the cluster or compound corymb to present an uneven surface. In the species the small flowers are of rich 'old gold' yellow colour, and are very rigid, almost hard. The flowering period is mid to late summer.[3]

Cultivation[edit]

Achillea filipendulina is cultivated in temperate regions as a flowering ornamental plant. Ordinary garden loam and other soils support its growth. It is best grown in full sun, and is drought tolerant when established. Propagation is by seed or root division in spring.[6]

The species has generally been superseded by numerous improved cultivars, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Cloth of Gold' (gold)[7]
  • 'Coronation Gold' (golden yellow)[8]
  • 'Credo' (pale yellow)[9]
  • 'Gold Plate' (gold)[10]
  • 'Heidi' (rose pink)[11]
  • 'Helios' (golden yellow)[12]
  • 'Hella Glashof' (yellow)[13]
  • A. × lewisii 'King Edward' (pale yellow)[14]
  • 'Lachsschönheit' (pink & white)[15]
  • 'Lucky Break' (pale yellow)[16]
  • 'Martina' (yellow)[17]
  • 'Mondpagode' (white)[18]
  • 'Moonshine' (yellow)[19]
  • 'Parker's Variety' (yellow)[20]
  • 'Summerwine' (crimson)[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List, Achillea filipendulina Lam.
  2. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 0199206872. 
  3. ^ a b Flora of Pakistan, V. 207 Page 41 Achillea filipendulina Lam.
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Millefoglio a foglie di filipendula, praktröllika, Achillea filipendulina Lam.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  6. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea filipendulina 'Cloth of Gold'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Coronation Gold'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Credo'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea filipendulina 'Gold Plate'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Heidi'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Helios'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Hella Glashof'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea × lewisii 'King Edward'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Lachsschönheit' (Galaxy series)". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Lucky Break'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Martina'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Mondpagode'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Moonshine'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea filipendulina 'Parker's Variety'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Summerwine'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 

External links[edit]