Achim

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Achim
Saint Lawrence Church
Saint Lawrence Church
Coat of arms of Achim
Coat of arms
Achim is located in Germany
Achim
Achim
Coordinates: 53°03′55″N 09°02′03″E / 53.06528°N 9.03417°E / 53.06528; 9.03417Coordinates: 53°03′55″N 09°02′03″E / 53.06528°N 9.03417°E / 53.06528; 9.03417
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Verden
Subdivisions 9 districts
Government
 • Mayor Uwe Kellner
Area
 • Total 65.1 km2 (25.1 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 29,598
 • Density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 28832
Dialling codes 04202
Vehicle registration VER

Achim (German pronunciation: [ˈaxɪm] ( )) is a municipality and the largest town (population 30.059 (December 2006)) in the district of Verden, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Weser, approx. 17 km northwest of Verden, and 16 km southeast of Bremen.

Geography[edit]

Achim lies in a valley of the Weser. The area surrounding Achim is primarily moorland in its natural state. It has an elevation of 15 metres above sea level, and an area of 65.1 km2.

For Baden mountains and Oil Camp, see Baden, Lower Saxony.

History[edit]

The first recorded mention of Achim came in 1091 as Arahem. The controlling heights of the Linden Mountains, south of Bremen, on which the old Arahem leaned, was a cult- and court-location. Achim was a meeting place of old Saxon courts. The court met three times annually.

The Christian missionaries erected a baptismal church in Achim in the 12th century; it was the predecessor of St. Laurentius Church in Achim, built in 1257. Then it belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen.

In the course of the War on Lunenburgian Succession (1370–1388) Achim was set on fire in 1381 because of the fights between Duke Albrecht of Saxe-Wittenberg, Duke-designate of Brunswick and Lunenburg, and the Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Albert II, titular Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg.

From 1626 it was alternatingly controlled by Danes and Swedes. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown and — interrupted by a Danish occupation (1712–1715) — from 1715 on by the House of Hanover. During the Third Silesian or Seven Years' War (precipitated by the Anglo-French and Indian War) it was controlled by France. In 1807 the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the Duchy of Bremen, including Achim, before France annexed it in 1810. Achim became the capital of a homonymous canton within the Département des Bouches-du-Weser. In 1813 the Duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover. In 1814 the Electorate was upgraded to the Kingdom of Hanover at the Congress of Vienna. In 1823 Hanover incorporated the Duchy in a real union and the ducal territory, including Achim, became part of the Stade Region, established in 1823.

A train station has existed in Achim since 1847. Achim lies on the track between Bremen and Hannover.

Industry[edit]

Achim is home to several international companies including Vitakraft and Daybridge International

International relations[edit]

Achim is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]