Achyranthes aspera (common name: prickly chaff flower, devil's horsewhip, Sanskrit: अपामार्ग apamarga) is a species of plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It is distributed throughout the tropical world. It can be found in many places growing as an introduced species and a common weed. It is an invasive species in some areas, including many Pacific Islands environments.
It is one of the 21 leaves used in the Ganesh Patra Pooja done regularly on Ganesh Chaturthi day. In Uttar Pradesh the plant is used for a great many medicinal purposes, especially in obstetrics and gynecology, including abortion, induction of labor, and cessation of postpartum bleeding. The Maasai people of Kenya use the plant medicinally to ease the symptoms of malaria.
Achyranthes aspera contains triterpenoid saponins which possess oleanolic acid as the aglycone. Ecdysterone, an insect moulting hormone, and long chain alcohols are also found in Achyranthes aspera.
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The plant shows significant abortifacient activity in mice and rabbits.[medical citation needed] An n-butanol extract has been found to possess contraceptive efficiency in rats which might be assigned to its potent estrogenicity.[medical citation needed]. In Bastar, India, the root is inserted into the vagina for inducing abortion.[medical citation needed]
- Sanskrit : Aghata; Khara-manjari; Apamarga
- Hindi : Chirchira; Latjira, Onga
- Bengali : Apang
- Gujarati : Safed Aghedo, "Anghadi", "Andhedi", "Agado"
- Kannada : Uttaranee
- Malayalam : Kadaladi; Katalati
- Malagasy : Mahabaka;
- Marathi : Aghada; Pandhara-aghada
- Punjabi : Kutri
- Tamil : Nayuruvi; Shiru-kadaladi
- Telugu : Antisha; Apamargamu; Uttaraene (ఉత్తరేణి)
- Sinhala : "Karal heba"; "කරල් හැබ"
- Indonesia : Jarong
In Afrikaans it is called grootklits and langklitskafblom. In French, herbe à Bengalis, herbe sergen, and queue de rat. Spanish common names include cadillo chichoborugo, cadillo de mazorca, and mazotillo.
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- Flowers of India
- USDA Plants Profile
- Flora of North America
- GRIN Species Profile
- Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk
- Khan, A. V. and A. A. Khan. Ethnomedicinal uses of Achyranthes aspera L. (Amaranthaceae) in management of gynaecological disorders in western Uttar Pradesh (India). Ethnoleaflets.
- Bussmann, R. W., et al. (2006). Plant use of the Maasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2 22.
- Indian Herbal Pharmacopia Vol. II, Page-5.
- Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)page-18[full citation needed]
- Dr. K. M. Nadkarni's Indian Materia Medica, Volume 1, Edited by A. K. Nadkarni, Popular Prakashan, Bombay, 1976, pp. 21-2.
- Chirchita or Onga (Achyranthes aspera var. perphyristachya Hook. F.) Purdue Horticulture.