Aci Castello

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Aci Castello
Jaci Casteḍḍu
Comune
Comune di Aci Castello
The Castello Normanno at Aci Castello
The Castello Normanno at Aci Castello
Coat of arms of Aci Castello
Coat of arms
Aci Castello is located in Italy
Aci Castello
Aci Castello
Location of Aci Castello in Italy
Coordinates: 37°33′N 15°09′E / 37.550°N 15.150°E / 37.550; 15.150Coordinates: 37°33′N 15°09′E / 37.550°N 15.150°E / 37.550; 15.150
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province Catania (CT)
Frazioni Aci Trezza, Ficarazzi, Cannizzaro
Government
 • Mayor Silvestra Raimondo (since May 27, 2004)
Area
 • Total 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (31 March 2005)
 • Total 18,084
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Demonym Castellesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 95021
Dialing code 095
Patron saint San Mauro Abate
Saint day January 15
Website Official website

Aci Castello (Sicilian: Jaci Casteḍḍu) is a comune in the Province of Catania in Sicily, Italy. The city is located 9 km north of Catania on the Mediterranean coast. The primary economic sectors are agriculture and industry (in Catania). The city is neighbored by Aci Catena, Acireale, Catania, San Gregorio di Catania and Valverde.

History[edit]

The town of Aci Castello developed around the castle, which was built in 1076 by the Normans upon the foundations of a 7th-century Byzantine fortification. In 1169, Aci Castello started to expand after an eruption of Mount Etna made the towns in its vicinity uninhabitable. The castle later became the property of the bishops of Catania.

In 1296, Roger of Lauria, admiral of the Aragonese fleet during the War of the Sicilian Vespers, was granted the fief of Aci and its castle as a reward for his faithful service to King Frederick III of Sicily. When relations between the two men soured and di Lauria transferred his loyalties to the Angevins, the castle was besieged and captured by King Frederick and di Lauria stripped of his fiefs. In 1320, the castle and Aci were taken from Roger's descendant, Margaret of Lauria and given to Blasco II de Alagona. Whilst the latter was away defending Palermo from the attacking Angevins, Bertrando di Balzo sacked Aci in his absence.

Main sights[edit]

Panoramic view of the Norman castle of Aci Castello, 1990
  • The Norman Castle, which was built from 1076 to 1081. It now serves as a museum
  • The borough Aci Trezza with a beach

References[edit]

Section of the Norman castle
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.