In the anterior pituitary, the term "acidophil" is used to describe two different types of cells:
- somatotrophs, which generate somatotropin (also known as growth hormone)
- mammotrophs, which generate prolactin
When using standard staining techniques, they cannot be distinguished from each other (though they can be distinguished from basophils and chromophobes), and are therefore identified simply as "acidophils".
See also