Acinonyx

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Acinonyx
Temporal range: Late Pliocene — Recent
Cheetah Botswana.jpg
Acinonyx jubatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Acinonyx
Brookes, 1828
Species

A. jubatus

Cheetah range - 2.png
range of the one extant species, A. jubatus
Synonyms

Acinomyx de Beaumont, 1964
Cynaelurus Gloger, 1841
Cynailurus Wagner, 1830
Cynofelis Lesson, 1842
Guepar Boitard, 1842
Gueparda Gray, 1843
Guepardus Duvernoy, 1834
Paracinonyx Kretzoi, 1929

Acinonyx is a genus within the cat family.[1] The only living species of this monotypic genus, the cheetah, A. jubatus, occurs in open grasslands of Africa and Asia.[2]

In the Middle Pleistocene Acinonyx also lived in Europe.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Acinonyx was first described by Brookes in 1828. In 1993, it was placed in a monophyletic subfamily, Acinonychinae, and is considered a close sister group of the Puma genus.[1]

Species[edit]

Several Acinonyx species were described:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–533. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Krausman, P. R. and Morales, S. M. (2005). Acinonyx jubatus. Mammalian Species 771: 1–6.
  3. ^ Hemmer, H., Kahlke, R.-D., Keller, T. (2008). Cheetahs in the Middle Pleistocene of Europe: Acinonyx pardinensis (sensu lato) intermedius (Thenius, 1954) from the Mosbach Sands (Wiesbaden, Hessen, Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 249: 345–356.
  4. ^ Schreber, J. C. D. (1777). Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen 1776-1778. Wolfgang Walther, Erlangen
  5. ^ Croizet, J. B. et Jobert, A. C. G. (1862). Recherches sur les ossemens fossiles du département du Puy-de-Dôme. Chez les principaux libraires, Paris
  6. ^ Thenius, E. (1954). Gepardreste aus dem Altquartär von Hundsheim in Niederösterreich. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte: 225–238.
  7. ^ Geraads, D. (1997). Carnivores du Pliocène terminalde Ahl al Oughlam (Casablanca, Maroc). Geobios 30 (1): 127–164.
  8. ^ Christiansen, P.; Mazák, J. H. (2009). "A primitive Late Pliocene cheetah, and evolution of the cheetah lineage". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (2): 512–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.0810435106. PMC 2626734. PMID 19114651. 
  9. ^ Knevitt, Oliver (2011). "5 Greatest Palaeontology Fakes Of All Time #5: The Linxia Cheetah". Science 2.0. Retrieved January 2013. 
  10. ^ Mazák, J. H. (2012). "Retraction for Christiansen and Mazák. A primitive Late Pliocene cheetah, and evolution of the cheetah lineage". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109 (37): 15072. doi:10.1073/pnas.1211510109. PMID 22908293. 

External links[edit]