Acokanthera oppositifolia

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Acokanthera oppositifolia
Acokanthera oppositifolia, vrugte, Ou Fort, Durban.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Acokanthera
Species: A. oppositifolia
Binomial name
Acokanthera oppositifolia
(Lam.) Codd

Toxicophlaea thunbergii Harv. Acokanthera venenata (Burm.f.) G.Don

Acokanthera oppositifolia02.jpg

Acokanthera oppositifolia (syn. Toxicophlaea thunbergii Harv.) is a shrub used as the source of an arrow poison and to coat caltrops made from the sharp fruits of the puncture vine (Tribulus terrestris). All three plants of the genus Acokanthera contain toxic cardiac glycosides strong enough to cause death. This plant and other species of the genus are found in South Africa and Ethiopia.

Acokanthera schimperi is employed for the same purpose.