Acourtia wrightii

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Acourtia wrightii
Acourtia wrightii dormant.jpg
dormant phase
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Acourtia
Species: A. wrightii
Binomial name
Acourtia wrightii
(A. Gray) Reveal & King
Synonyms
  • Perezia arizonica A.Gray
  • Perezia schaffneri A.Gray
  • Perezia wrightii A.Gray

Acourtia wrightii, common name brownfoot, is a North American species of plants in the sunflower family. It is native to the southwestern United States (Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, southern Utah, southern Nevada) and northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Zacatecas).[1][2]

It is used by the Kayenta Navajo for difficult labor and as a postpartum medicine.[3] The Hualapai also use it medicinally; in that they apply a poultice of the woolly "cotton" from the plant to open, bleeding wounds,[4] and the Pima use it as a styptic.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flora of North America Vol. 19, 20 and 21 Page 74 Brownfoot, Acourtia wrightii (A. Gray) Reveal & R. M. King, Phytologia. 27: 232. 1973.
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  3. ^ Wyman, Leland C. and Stuart K. Harris 1951 The Ethnobotany of the Kayenta Navaho. Albuquerque. The University of New Mexico Press (p. 49)
  4. ^ Watahomigie, Lucille J. 1982 Hualapai Ethnobotany. Peach Springs, AZ. Hualapai Bilingual Program, Peach Springs School District #8 (p. 49)
  5. ^ Russell, Frank 1908 The Pima Indians. SI-BAE Annual Report #26:1-390 (p. 80)