Acquapendente

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Acquapendente
Comune
Comune di Acquapendente
Acquapendente.jpg
Acquapendente within the Province of Viterbo
Acquapendente within the Province of Viterbo
Acquapendente is located in Italy
Acquapendente
Acquapendente
Location of Acquapendente in Italy
Coordinates: 42°44′38″N 11°51′52″E / 42.74389°N 11.86444°E / 42.74389; 11.86444Coordinates: 42°44′38″N 11°51′52″E / 42.74389°N 11.86444°E / 42.74389; 11.86444
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Torre Alfina, Trevinano
Government
 • Mayor Alberto Bambini
Area
 • Total 120.28 km2 (46.44 sq mi)
Elevation 420 m (1,380 ft)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 5,619
 • Density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demonym Aquesiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01021
Dialing code 0763
Patron saint Saint Hermes
Saint day August 28
Website Official website

Acquapendente is a city and comune in the province of Viterbo, in Lazio (Italy). Acquapendente is a centre for the agricultural production of vegetables and wine, and has a tradition of pottery craftsmanship.

History[edit]

The area of modern Acquapendente was settled by Etruscans in Roman times, as archaeological finds have shown.[2] However, the first historical document of the modern city dates from the 9th century AD, with a town named Farisa or Arisa along the Via Francigena. A document from Emperor Otto I, dated 964, contains the first recorded use of the name Acquapendentem. The name of the city, meaning "Hanging Water", stems from the presence of several small waterfalls forming the Paglia, a stream setting the boundary between Lazio and Tuscany.

Torre Alfina

Acquapendente was the first stop in Italy in the travels of Saint Roch in the early 14th century; the saint supposedly spent several days in the hospital there curing plague victims.[3]

The city was later part of the March of Tuscany and, from the end of the 14th century and beginning of the 15th, it was part of the commune (later Republic) of Siena. In 1449 it became an independent centre within the Papal States.

Geography[edit]

Located in the north of the Lazio, near the borders with Tuscany and Umbria, the municipality of Acquapendente borders with Allerona (TR), Castel Giorgio (TR), Castel Viscardo (TR), Grotte di Castro, Onano, Proceno, San Lorenzo Nuovo, San Casciano dei Bagni (SI) and Sorano (GR).

Main sights[edit]

  • Acquapendente Cathedral (1149).
  • The Watch Tower, a remain of the Imperial Castle.
  • The church of St. Augustine (16th century).
  • The church of St. Francis.
  • The Castle of the frazione Torre Alfina, whose central tower (Cassero) was built by the Lombard king Desiderius. The castle was captured by the Neapolitan condottiero Fabrizio Maramaldo in 1527, during the Siege of Rome, but the defenders gallantly retained the Cassero.
  • The Castle of the frazione Trevinano (known from the 12th century).
  • The Monte Rufeno Natural Reserve, 2 km north to the city, at an altitude of 748 m. It has spectacular woods housing wildlife including among others boars, eagle owls, turtles and beech martens.
  • POW camp from World War II

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat
  2. ^ History at the Acquapendente communal website
  3. ^ Francesco Diedo, Vita Sancti Rochi (1478), translated by Irene Vaslef, in Irene Vaslef, "The Role of St. Roch as a Plague Saint: A Medieval Hagiographic Tradition" (PhD diss., Catholic University, 1984), 198.

External links[edit]

Media related to Acquapendente at Wikimedia Commons