|Comune di Acqui Terme|
La Bollente spring.
|Frazioni||Lussito, Ovrano, Moirano|
|• Mayor||Enrico Bertero (PdL)|
|• Total||33.42 km2 (12.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||156 m (512 ft)|
|Population (30 September 2008)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Guido of Acqui|
|Saint day||June 11|
Acqui Terme (Äich in Piedmontese) is a city and comune of Piedmont, northern Italy, in the province of Alessandria. It is about 35 kilometres (22 mi) south-southwest of Alessandria. It is one of the principle winemaking communes of the Italian DOCG wine Brachetto d'Acqui.
The hot sulphur springs have been famous since this was the Roman town of Aquae Statiellae; the ancient baths are referred to by Paulus Diaconus and the chronicler Liutprand of Cremona. In 1870 Giovanni Ceruti designed a little pavilion, known as La Bollente, for the spot at the centre of the town where the waters bubble up at 75 °C (167 °F).
In the Roman period the place was connected by road with Alba Pompeia and Augusta Taurinorum (Turin). The local Ligurian tribe of the Statielli had joined the Romans at an early period, but were attacked in 173 BCE and some were transferred to the north of the Po. In the neighbourhood of the town, near the river Bormida, are the remains of the aqueduct which supplied it.
In the 6th century it became part of the Lombard kingdom of northern Italy. Acqui was ruled by its bishop from 978, becoming an independent commune in 1135. In 1278 it was annexed to the Marquisate of Montferrat, to which it belonged until the acquisition by the Duchy of Savoy.
It was connected by a railway line to Genoa in 1892.
- The Gothic Acqui Cathedral, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta, was built in the late 10th century and consecrated in 1067 by bishop Guido. It is a Romanesque edifice on the Latin cross plan, with a nave and four (originally two) aisles. The façade has a main portal sculpted by Antonio Pilacorte, a late 15th century rose window and a 17th-century portico. The Gothic bell tower is from 1479. The interior houses a late 15th-century triptych by the Spanish artist Bartolomé Bermejo, and a Baroque altar of Saint Guido.
- The Palaeologi Castle, mentioned for the first time in 1056. It was rebuilt in the 15th century by Marquis William VII of Montferrat.
- Church of San Pietro or Addolorata, of Palaeo-Christian origins. It was almost entirely rebuilt in the 10th-11th centuries in Romanesque style, when it become a Benedictine abbey. It was again largely renovated in the 18th century, being returned to a neo-Romanesque appearance in the 1930s.
- Church of St. Francis. It includes two 15th century cloister of the former Franciscan convent.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Acqui Terme is twinned with:
- Giulietto Chiesa (born 1940), journalist and politician.
- Francesco Perono Cacciafoco, Tracce di pietra. Cenni inerenti all'Acquese tra il Paleolitico e l'età del Bronzo [Stone Traces. Outline About the Acqui's Territory between Paleolithic and Bronze Age], in «Iter. Ricerche fonti e immagini per un territorio», 25 VII, 3 (2011), pp. 3–20, link paper.
- Francesco Perono Cacciafoco, La lunga transizione. L'Acquese nell'età del Ferro [The Long Transition. The Acqui's Territory in the Iron Age], in «Iter. Ricerche fonti e immagini per un territorio», 26, VIII, 1 (2012), pp. 5–16, link paper.
- J. Bastianich & D. Lynch Vino Italiano pg 132, 153, 419, Crown Publishing 2005 ISBN 1-4000-9774-6
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Acqui". Encyclopædia Britannica 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 154.
- About Acqui and its territory between the Paleolithic and the Bronze Age cf. Francesco Perono Cacciafoco, Tracce di pietra. Cenni inerenti all'Acquese tra il Paleolitico e l'età del Bronzo [Stone Traces. Outline About the Acqui's Territory between Paleolithic and Bronze Age], in «Iter. Ricerche fonti e immagini per un territorio», 25 VII, 3 (2011), pp. 3-20, link paper.
- About Acqui and its territory in the Iron Age cf. Francesco Perono Cacciafoco, La lunga transizione. L'Acquese nell'età del Ferro [The Long Transition. The Acqui's Territory in the Iron Age], in «Iter. Ricerche fonti e immagini per un territorio», 26, VIII, 1 (2012), pp. 5-16, link paper.
Media related to Acqui Terme at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- "Acqui". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Acquese Web Portal of tourism, typical products, health and wellness in Italian