Acres Homes, Houston
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)|
Acres Homes is a designated Super Neighborhood located in the northwest section of the city of Houston, Texas. The 9-square mile area is loosely bounded by the city limits and West Gulf Bank Road to the north; Pinemont Drive to the south; North Shepherd Drive to the east; and Antoine Drive to the west.
- 1 History
- 2 Cityscape
- 3 Culture
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Media
- 7 Education
- 8 Notable residents
- 9 Gallery
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008)|
Acres Homes was established during World War I, when Houston landowners began selling homesites in the area that were large enough to contain small gardens and raise chickens or farm animals. These large areas were often divided by the acre and not by the plot, hence the name "Acres Homes". The farm capabilities of the home sites attracted many rural settlers, who dug their own wells, and built small, sanitary houses. Kristen Mack of the Houston Chronicle said that Acres Homes was originally marketed as "a bit of genteel country with quick and easy access to the city." The community was also touted as a place where African Americans could own houses and land instead of being in more dense urban areas. At one time it was the largest unincorporated African-American community in the Southeastern United States.
As time went on, the conditions began declining due to several decades of neglect. As the rural settlers moved out of their dilapidated homes, realtors began marketing the area, largely to African Americans, as a suburban area which was not far from the city. In reality, it was a heavily wooded, sparsely settled slum without adequate transportation or educational facilities. The City of Houston annexed about 725 acres (293 ha) of land in the Acres Homes area in 1967. In 1974 the city annexed another 1,469 acres (594 ha) of Acres Homes territory. Mack said that the appeal of Acres Homes ended around the 1970s.
Before it was annexed by the city of Houston, Acres Homes was considered to be the largest unincorporated African American community in the Southern United States. The area's location close to Garden Oaks - a primarily working-class white neighborhood in the 1960s and 1970s- birthed racial tensions in north Houston during the racial equality movement of the time. The community now includes a combination of large areas of pine forests with a scattering of homes: small tract homes built in standard suburban subdivisions, and large comfortable homes on well-maintained wooded lots. There is little commercial or industrial development. It covers 5,733 acres (23.20 km2).
On August 30, 2007, the Houston Chronicle published an article about a syphilis outbreak in Houston. Marlene McNeese-Ward, the Houston Health Department chief of HIV/STD and Viral Hepatitis Prevention, stated "We're really looking at Acres Homes especially, and Sunnyside, but there's not too many ZIP codes... where we're not seeing any (cases)." The area is a well known high crime area, with about 13 homicides reported in 2008.
The community has 9 square miles (23 km2) of land. Acres Homes had 8,548 housing units in 2002; 31% were rental units. Rafael Longoria and Susan Rogers of the Rice Design Alliance said that the layout of Acres Homes could be described as "rurban," a word coined in 1918 which describes an area with a mix of urban and rural characteristics. Undeveloped land permeates Acres Homes in a checkerboard-like pattern.
In 2002 Kristen Mack of the Houston Chronicle said "Fairly or not, Acres Homes has become synonymous with "urban blight" in Houston" and that Acres Homes "can best be described as a bit schizophrenic." As of 2002 the community had many shotgun houses; many residents rent them from absentee landlords. Many acres of land in the community are empty. Most areas of the community have small wood frame houses described by Mack as "ramshackle," while some areas have large houses described by Mack as "comfortable." In 2002, many of the formerly large properties had been sectioned off, and horses were commonplace in the neighborhood. Most areas in Acres Homes had no curbs, no sidewalks, and no storm drains. Deep ditches lined many of the streets. The area does not have a lot of commercial or industrial development. As of 2008 Acres Homes has the largest concentration of closed landfills in Houston, including permitted and unpermitted ones.
According to Sammie Mae Ford, a resident of Acres Homes quoted in the Houston Chronicle, in the 1920s most of the residents had gardens in their yards and raised chickens and hogs. Ford described Acres Homes as "like it was the country" and "a place where people had to help each other."
Government and infrastructure
The city operates the Acres Homes Multi-Service Center at 6719 West Montgomery Road. The city multi-service centers provide several services such as child care, programs for elderly residents, and rental space.
After the city annexed portions of Acres Homes beginning in 1971, it began installing sewer and water lines. Some sparsely developed areas and some surrounding areas remained without city services; private companies install services in the surrounding areas.
In February 2000 the Acres Homes Super Neighborhood was officially recognized. The boundaries of the Acres Homes Super Neighborhood are Texas State Highway 249, Pinemont, North Shepherd, and the White Oak Bayou. Because the Acres Homes Citizens Council already existed, much of the groundwork for the Acres Homes Super Neighborhood had already been established before its formation. In 2000 Michael Thibodeaux, the president of the super neighborhood, said that the citizens council "is pretty much almost the super neighborhood."
Beulah Shephard, described by Kristen Mack of the Houston Chronicle as the "matriarch" of Acres Homes, said in 2002 that the Harris County, which provided services to residents before the Houston annexation, provided better services than the city.
As of 2002 Acres Homes has 16 civic associations that serve portions of the community.
According to the 2000 census, the current population of Acres Homes Super Neighborhood #6 is 23,512.
|Race and Hispanic origin||Acres Homes Data||% of Area Pop.||Houston City Data|
|American Indian (non-Hispanic)||14||-%||3,234|
|Hispanic (of any race)||2,432||10.3%||730,865|
|Native Hawaiian (non-Hispanic)||-||-%||680|
|Two or More (non-Hispanic)||146||0.6%||23,830|
|Age Group||Acres Homes Data||% of Area Pop.||Houston City Data|
|Under 5 Years||1,794||7.6%||160,797|
|5 - 17 Years||5,337||22.7%||375,861|
|18 - 65 Years||13,318||56.6%||1,252,908|
|65 and Over||3,023||12.8%||164,065|
In 1997 37% of the residents had an average annual household income below $15,000.
The Houston Chronicle is the citywide newspaper.
Primary and secondary schools
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
Houston Independent School District
The eastern part of the community is located in the Houston Independent School District (HISD). The HISD portion is divided by Highland Heights, Wesley, and Osborne Elementary schools. All HISD Acres Homes residents are zoned to Williams Middle School in Acres Homes. All HISD area residents are served by Booker T. Washington High School in the Independence Heights community. Prior to Houston ISD's 2005 reorganization, the Acres homes Administrative Division, headquartered in Wesley Elementary School, helped manage the area elementary and middle schools.
In February 2010 HISD opened the High School Ahead Academy (HSAA) in Acres Homes. It is a school which allows over-age middle school students to rapidly accelerate through school so they can catch up. It is located in the former Hohl Elementary School campus.
Aldine Independent School District
The western part of Acres Homes is in the Aldine Independent School District.
In 1977 the Federal Government of the United States placed on Aldine ISD, asking it to desegregate several majority Black schools. Enacted in 1978, the plan required Aldine ISD to redraw the attendance boundaries of its schools so that no more than 30% of the students of each school were African-American. As a result, three schools in Acres Homes became 5-6 grade schools. Carver High School was no longer a zoned school and became a magnet school.
Klein Independent School District
The Houston Community College serves the portions in Houston ISD.
Lone Star College System (formerly the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) serves the Aldine ISD portion. In 1972 residents of Aldine ISD and two other K-12 school districts voted to create the North Harris County College. The community college district began operations in the northern hemisphere fall of 1973.
The Victory Center of Lone Star College–North Harris is located in Acres Homes.
- Mack, Kristen. "Living in Neglect / Decades of Disappointment / ORIGINALLY MARKETED AS A BIT OF GENTEEL COUNTRY WITH QUICK AND EASY ACCESS TO THE CITY, ACRES HOMES IS AS IMPOVERISHED TODAY AS IT WAS 10 YEARS AGO, RESIDENTS SAY." Houston Chronicle. Sunday November 17, 2002. A20. Retrieved on February 19, 2010.
- Longoria, Rafael and Susan Rogers. "The Rurban Horseshoe." Cite 73. The Rice Design Alliance, (Northern Hemisphere) Winter 2008. Page 19. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
- Lee, Renée C. "Annexed Kingwood split on effects." Houston Chronicle. Sunday October 8, 2006. A21. Retrieved on July 6, 2011. Print version exclusively has the information cited; the information is not included in the online edition.
- Grant, Alexis. "Houston targets syphilis increase," Houston Chronicle, August 29, 2007. B1 MetFront.
- Longoria, Rafael and Susan Rogers. "The Rurban Horseshoe." Cite 73. The Rice Design Alliance, (Northern Hemisphere) Winter 2008. Pages 18-19. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
- Longoria, Rafael and Susan Rogers. "The Rurban Horseshoe." Cite 73. The Rice Design Alliance, (Northern Hemisphere) Winter 2008. Pages 21. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
- Longoria, Rafael and Susan Rogers. "The Rurban Horseshoe." Cite 73. The Rice Design Alliance, (Northern Hemisphere) Winter 2008. Page 20. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
- Lomax, John Nova. "On Da Lingo, Part II." Houston Press. November 17, 2005. 1. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
- City of Houston, Council District Maps, District B." City of Houston. Retrieved on November 5, 2011.
- "Fire Stations." City of Houston. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
- "Fire Station 67." City of Houston. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
- "Acres Homes Multi-Service Center." City of Houston. Accessed October 27, 2008.
- "Multi-Service Centers." City of Houston. Accessed October 27, 2008.
- Sendejas, Jesse. "Planning for the future / Super neighborhood councils try to boost community services." Houston Chronicle. Wednesday September 27, 2000. ThisWeek 1. Retrieved on February 20, 2010.
- "Acres Home Health Center." Harris County Hospital District. Retrieved on March 6, 2010.
- "Eligibility Centers." Harris County Hospital District. Retrieved on March 6, 2010.
- "A Proud History of Caring for More Than 45 Years." Harris County Hospital District. Retrieved on February 9, 2012.
- Super Neighborhood #6 Demographics." City of Houston. Retrieved on February 20, 2010.
- "AANI Media Kit" (Archive). African-American News and Issues. p. 2/7. Retrieved on March 17, 2014.
- "Acres Homes Coalition Schools." Houston Independent School District. October 30, 2001. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- "Washington High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- Home page. Houston Independent School District. July 2, 2005. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- "High School Ahead Academy Now Accepting Applications." Houston Independent School District. July 13, 2010. Retrieved on June 7, 2011.
- "School Histories: the Stories Behind the Names." (Archive) Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on June 30, 2011.
- "High Schools." Aldine Independent School District. March 2009. Retrieved on November 10, 2009.
- "Schools seek end of desegregation order." Associated Press at the Victoria Advocate. September 22, 2002. Retrieved on January 20, 2011.
- Texas Education Code, Section 130.191, "North Harris Montgomery Community College System District Service Area".
- "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "Acres Homes Neighborhood Library." Houston Public Library. Retrieved on March 21, 2009.
- Acres Homes Community
- Acres Homes Community Development Corporation
- Acres Homes, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online