Acrothoracica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Acrothoracica
Rogerella elliptica Jurassic.JPG
The trace fossil Rogerella elliptica produced by acrothoracican barnacles (Jurassic, Israel).
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Maxillopoda
Infraclass: Cirripedia
Superorder: Acrothoracica
Gruvel, 1905
Orders & families [1]

Apygophora Berndt, 1907

Pygophora Berndt, 1907

The Acrothoracica are a superorder of barnacles.

Acrothoracicans bore into calcareous material such as mollusc shells, coral, crinoids or hardgrounds, producing a slit-like hole in the surface known by the trace fossil name Rogerella. Acrothoracicans are typically smaller than other types of barnacle, being only a few millimetres in length. Being protected by the hard surfaces into which they have bored, they have no solid carapace of plates like other barnacles but have a soft, sac-like body fixed to the surface by a chitinous disc at the front of the head. They have from four to six pairs of feathery limbs, or "cirri", which they project out of their borings to catch drifting detritus for food.[2] The mouthparts consist of mandibles, maxillules and maxillae. One pair of cirri is close to these while the others are at the other end of the body.[3]

Each individual acrothoracican is either male or female. A dwarf male is sometimes found attached to the mantle or wall of a female's burrow. The developing larva may omit the nauplius stage but always has a cyprid stage. This has chitinous teeth which are used after the larva has settled to abrade the surface and commence a burrow.[3]

Three families, 11 genera and 63 species are recognized,[4] and many more species probably remain to be identified.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. W. Martin & G. E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. pp. 1–132. 
  2. ^ Robert D. Barnes (1982). Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 699. ISBN 0-03-056747-5. 
  3. ^ a b c Frederick R. Schram. "Cirripedia". Access Science. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  4. ^ Shane T. Ahyong, James K. Lowry, Miguel Alonso, Roger N. Bamber, Geoffrey A. Boxshall, Peter Castro, Sarah Gerken, Gordan S. Karaman, Joseph W. Goy, Diana S. Jones, Kenneth Meland, D. Christopher Rogers & Jörundur Svavarsson (2011). "Subphylum Crustacea Brünnich, 1772" (PDF). In Z.-Q. Zhang. "Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 165–191.