Isotopes of actinium

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Actinium (Ac) has no stable isotopes, thus a standard atomic mass cannot be given. There are 31 known isotopes, from 206Ac to 236Ac, and 2 isomers. Two isotopes are found in nature, 227Ac and 228Ac, as intermediate decay products of, respectively, 235U and 232Th. 228Ac is extremely rare, and almost all natural actinium is 227Ac.

The most stable isotopes are 227Ac with a half-life of 21.772 years, 225Ac with a half-life of 10.0 days, and 226Ac with a half-life of 29.37 hours. All other isotopes have half-lives under 10 hours, and most under a minute. The shortest-lived known isotope is 217Ac with a half-life of 69 ns. Actinium also has two meta states.

Purified 227Ac comes into equilibrium with its decay products (227Th and 223Fr) after 185 days.[1]

Table[edit]

nuclide
symbol
historic
name
Z(p) N(n)  
isotopic mass (u)
 
half-life decay
mode(s)[2][n 1]
daughter
isotope(s)[n 2]
nuclear
spin
representative
isotopic
composition
(mole fraction)
range of natural
variation
(mole fraction)
excitation energy
205Ac[3] 89 116 20(+97-9) ms α 201Fr
206Ac 89 117 206.01450(8) 25(7) ms (3+)
206m1Ac 80(50) keV 15(6) ms
206m2Ac 290(110)# keV 41(16) ms (10-)
207Ac 89 118 207.01195(6) 31(8) ms
[27(+11-6) ms]
α 203Fr 9/2-#
208Ac 89 119 208.01155(6) 97(16) ms
[95(+24-16) ms]
α (99%) 204Fr (3+)
β+ (1%) 208Ra
208mAc 506(26) keV 28(7) ms
[25(+9-5) ms]
α (89%) 204Fr (10-)
IT (10%) 208Ac
β+ (1%) 208Ra
209Ac 89 120 209.00949(5) 92(11) ms α (99%) 205Fr (9/2-)
β+ (1%) 209Ra
210Ac 89 121 210.00944(6) 350(40) ms α (96%) 206Fr 7+#
β+ (4%) 210Ra
211Ac 89 122 211.00773(8) 213(25) ms α (99.8%) 207Fr 9/2-#
β+ (.2%) 211Ra
212Ac 89 123 212.00781(7) 920(50) ms α (97%) 208Fr 6+#
β+ (3%) 212Ra
213Ac 89 124 213.00661(6) 731(17) ms α 209Fr (9/2-)#
β+ (rare) 213Ra
214Ac 89 125 214.006902(24) 8.2(2) s α (89%) 210Fr (5+)#
β+ (11%) 214Ra
215Ac 89 126 215.006454(23) 0.17(1) s α (99.91%) 211Fr 9/2-
β+ (.09%) 215Ra
216Ac 89 127 216.008720(29) 0.440(16) ms α 212Fr (1-)
β+ (7×10−5%) 216Ra
216mAc 44(7) keV 443(7) µs (9-)
217Ac 89 128 217.009347(14) 69(4) ns α (98%) 213Fr 9/2-
β+ (2%) 217Ra
217mAc 2012(20) keV 740(40) ns (29/2)+
218Ac 89 129 218.01164(5) 1.08(9) µs α 214Fr (1-)#
218mAc 584(50)# keV 103(11) ns (11+)
219Ac 89 130 219.01242(5) 11.8(15) µs α 215Fr 9/2-
β+ (10−6%) 219Ra
220Ac 89 131 220.014763(16) 26.36(19) ms α 216Fr (3-)
β+ (5×10−4%) 220Ra
221Ac 89 132 221.01559(5) 52(2) ms α 217Fr 9/2-#
222Ac 89 133 222.017844(6) 5.0(5) s α (99%) 218Fr 1-
β+ (1%) 222Ra
222mAc 200(150)# keV 1.05(7) min α (88.6%) 218Fr high
IT (10%) 222Ac
β+ (1.4%) 222Ra
223Ac 89 134 223.019137(8) 2.10(5) min α (99%) 219Fr (5/2-)
EC (1%) 223Ra
CD (3.2×10−9%) 209Bi
14C
224Ac 89 135 224.021723(4) 2.78(17) h β+ (90.9%) 224Ra 0-
α (9.1%) 220Fr
β- (1.6%) 224Th
225Ac[n 3] 89 136 225.023230(5) 10.0(1) d α 221Fr (3/2-)
CD (6×10−10%) 211Bi
14C
226Ac 89 137 226.026098(4) 29.37(12) h β- (83%) 226Th (1)(-#)
EC (17%) 226Ra
α (.006%) 222Fr
227Ac Actinium[n 4] 89 138 227.0277521(26) 21.772(3) y β- (98.61%) 227Th 3/2- Trace[n 5]
α (1.38%) 223Fr
228Ac Mesothorium 2 89 139 228.0310211(27) 6.13(2) h β- 228Th 3+ Trace[n 6]
α (5.5×10−6%) 224Fr
229Ac 89 140 229.03302(4) 62.7(5) min β- 229Th (3/2+)
230Ac 89 141 230.03629(32) 122(3) s β- 230Th (1+)
231Ac 89 142 231.03856(11) 7.5(1) min β- 231Th (1/2+)
232Ac 89 143 232.04203(11) 119(5) s β- 232Th (1+)
233Ac 89 144 233.04455(32)# 145(10) s β- 233Th (1/2+)
234Ac 89 145 234.04842(43)# 44(7) s β- 234Th
235Ac 89 146 235.05123(38)# 40# s β- 235Th 1/2+#
236Ac 89 147 236.05530(54)# 2# min β- 236Th
  1. ^ Abbreviations:
    CD: Cluster decay
    EC: Electron capture
    IT: Isomeric transition
  2. ^ Bold italics for nearly-stable isotopes (half-life longer than the age of the universe)
  3. ^ Has medical uses
  4. ^ Source of element's name
  5. ^ Intermediate decay product of 235U
  6. ^ Intermediate decay product of 232Th

Notes[edit]

  • Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.
  • Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ G. D. Considine, ed. (2005). "Chemical Elements". Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Wiley-Interscience. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-471-61525-5. 
  2. ^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx
  3. ^ Zhang, Z. Y.; Gan, Z. G.; Ma, L.; Yang, H. B.; Huang, T.H.; Li, G.S.; Tian, Y.L; Wang, Y.S.; Xu, X.X.; Huang, M.H.; Luo, C.; Ren, Z.Z.; Zhou, S.G; Zhou, X. H. (Jan 2014), "α decay of the new neutron-deficient isotope 205Ac", Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (1): 014308, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.89.014308 


Isotopes of radium Isotopes of actinium Isotopes of thorium
Table of nuclides