Action of 15 February 1783

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Action of 15 February 1783
Part of the American Revolutionary War
Date 15 February 1783
Location off Guadeloupe, Caribbean Sea
Result British victory
Belligerents
 Great Britain  France
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Great Britain Captain Robert Linzee Kingdom of France Capitaine Chevalier du Clesmaur
Strength
1 third-rate 1 Frigate
Casualties and losses
Light 1 frigate captured,
300 captured[1]

The Action of 15 February 1783 was a small naval engagement which was fought off Guadeloupe between the French Navy frigate Concorde of 36 guns and the Royal Navy 74-gun ship of the line Magnificent. The British were victorious when Concorde was overhauled and captured.[2]

Captain Charles Inglis was given command of a squadron of four ships cruising independently in the West Indies. The squadron, consisting of HMS St Albans, the 64-gun Prudent, the 74-gun HMS Magnificent under Captain Robert Linzee and the sloop HMS Barbados, had arrived in St. Lucia. They were to eventually help blockade Cap-François off Saint-Domingue with the help of ships of the line from the Jamaica station.[1] On 12 February reports arrived of a French squadron, consisting of Triton, Amphion and several frigates, having sailed from Martinique and so the squadron was sent to investigate.[3][4]

Magnificent sailed from Gros Islet Bay in Bay on 12 February 1783 in company with Prudent and St Albans. On 15 February 1783 a French frigate was sighted just past Guadeloupe island by Magnificent. The frigate was the Concorde carrying 36 guns and 300 men, and was under the command of Chevalier du Clesmaur.[1] Magnificent gave chase and by 20:00 as darkness fell Concorde opened fire on her pursuer with her stern guns.[1] Magnificent however overhauled the French ship by 21:15, and after fifteen minutes of fighting including a devastating broadside, forced her to strike her colours. Magnificent then took possession of Concorde.[1]

Shortly after surrendering, the Concorde '​s maintopsail caught fire, forcing the crew to cut away the mainmast to extinguish it.[1] Prudent and St Albans arrived two hours later and Magnificent towed Concorde to St. John's, Antigua.[1] Concorde served in the Royal Navy as HMS Concorde until being broken up in 1811.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Allen. Memoir of the Life and Services of Admiral Sir William Hargood. p. 41. 
  2. ^ McGrigor pg 41
  3. ^ "Inglis, Charles (1731?–1791)" (subscription required). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14398. 
  4. ^ a b Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792. p. 213. 

References[edit]

  • McGrigor, Mary (2003). Defiant and Dismasted at Trafalgar: The Life & Times of Admiral Sir William Hargood. Leo Cooper Ltd. ISBN 978-1844150342.