First battle of Öland (1564)

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Action of 30 May 1564
Part of Northern Seven Years' War
Date 30–31 May 1564
Location Between Gotland and Öland, Baltic Sea
Result Danish/Lübeck victory
Territorial
changes
Baltic Sea
Belligerents
 Sweden  Denmark
Lübeck
Commanders and leaders
Sweden Jakob Bagge Denmark Herluf Trolle
Lübeck Friedrich Knebel
Strength
Sweden 35 vessels, 3500 sailors
Sweden 1700 jacks
Denmark 26 ships, 4600 sailors
Lübeck 10 ships, 2018 sailors
Casualties and losses
Sweden 1 ship, flagship Mars with approximately 800 sailors, additionally 101 sailors were killed on other ships Lübeck 1 ship, Lange Bark sunk on the 30th losses unknown, and approximately 300 boarders on the Mars

The first battle of Öland (Swedish: första slaget vid Ölands norra udde) took place on 30–31 May 1564 between the islands of Gotland and Öland, between a fleet of Allied ships, the Danes under Herluf Trolle and the Lübeckers under Friedrich Knebel, and a Swedish fleet of 23 or more ships under Jakob Bagge. It was an Allied victory.

Only some of the ships on each side were involved, the rest being unable to help due to the wind. On 30 May Fortuna was damaged and Lange Bark sunk, but on 31 May the Swedish ship Mars was boarded by Byens Løffue, Engel and Fuchs before catching alight and exploding, killing most of its crew and 300 boarders. Jakob Bagge and his Second, Arved Trolle (sv), were taken prisoner. Swedish casualties apart from in this ship were 101. Fleming took over the fleet and sailed it back to Älvsnabben, while the Danes sailed to Copenhagen.

Ships involved[edit]

Denmark/Lübeck[edit]

  • Fortuna (flag)
  • Byens Løffue 56
  • Engel (Lübeck flag)
  • Lange Bark (Lübeck) — sunk 30 May
  • Arck
  • Fuchs (Lübeck)
  • other ships

Sweden[edit]

  • Mars 173 (flag) — blew up 31 May
  • Elefant 65 (Fleming)
  • Finska Svan 82
  • Svenska Hektor 87
  • 19 or more other ships

References[edit]

  • Kloth, Herbert: "Lübecks Seekriegswesen in der Zeit des nordischen 7-jährigen Krieges 1563–1570", Zeitschrift des Vereines für lübeckische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Vol. 21 (1923), pp. 1–51, 185–256 plus Vol. 22 (1923–25), pp. 121–52 & 325–79