Active Stabilizer Suspension System
Active Power Stabilizer Suspension System (APSSS), also known as Active Power Stabilizer Suspension System, is an electric active suspension system developed by Toyota Motor Corporation for its high-end vehicles including Lexus models. By altering stabilizer bar stiffness, this system acts to reduce body tilt during cornering, keeping the vehicle more level during turns and improving handling, as opposed to the natural tendency of a vehicle to roll due to the lateral forces experienced during high-speed maneuvering. The active stabilizer system relies on vehicle body sensors and electric motors. The first production usage of this system occurred with the 2007 Lexus GS350 sport sedan, followed by the 2008 Lexus LS 600h luxury sedan. The development of APSSS is claimed to be the world's first electric active stabilizer system. It was a system improvement of an earlier Toyota technology called Toyota TEMS (Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension).
How it works
The APSSS utilizes sensors for steering wheel speed, steering angle, along with yaw and acceleration/deceleration sensors. These sensors are tied to an electronic control unit (ECU), which in turn connects with actuators consisting of 46V DC brushless motors and reduction mechanisms. Mounted with the vehicle suspension stabilizer bars, each reduction mechanism houses a wave generator, flexible gear, and circular gear.
The system is activated when the vehicle enters a high-speed turn, and the sensors register vertical, longitudinal, and transverse forces which contribute to body lean and additional movements. Along with steering data, these are sent to the ECU where they are processed, with the forces necessary to counteract body roll movements calculated. Corrective instructions are then sent to the suspension motors and reduction mechanisms. The reduction mechanism gears activate to adjust suspension rigidity, torquing the stabilizer bars and thus increasing sway resistance and reducing body roll movements. Developed jointly with Aisin, APSSS engineers found that compared with prior hydraulically actuated active suspension systems, which rely on hydraulic servomechanisms, the electric APSSS offered a faster response time (within 20 milliseconds) and reduced energy consumption characteristics.
Vehicles that have offered Active Power Stabilizer Suspension System (APSSS) to date, listed by model year (system was offered as an option):
- 2007 Lexus GS 350
- 2007 Lexus GS 430
- 2007 Lexus GS 450h
- 2008 Lexus GS 460
- 2008 Lexus LS 600h
- 2008 Lexus LS 600h L
- 2010 Lexus RX 450h
- Active suspension
- Height adjustable suspension
- Lexus Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS)
- Self-levelling suspension
- Toyota TEMS
- "Lexus GS 430 Review". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- Aisin developing systems in the pursuit of active safety
- "Development of Electric Active Stabilizer Suspension System for Lexus GS". Science Links Japan. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- Lexus Active Stabilizer Suspension System (PPT)
- Schwartz, Harvey. "2007 LEXUS GS450h TEST DRIVE". Automotive Addicts. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- "2007 Lexus GS430". Top Speed. Retrieved 2009-08-24.