Active set method

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"Active Set" redirects here. For the Wikipedia article on the band, see The Active Set.

In mathematical optimization, a problem is defined using an objective function to minimize or maximize, and a set of constraints

g_1(x)\ge 0, \dots, g_k(x)\ge 0

that define the feasible region, that is, the set of all x to search for the optimal solution. Given a point x in the feasible region, a constraint

g_i(x) \ge 0

is called active at x if g_i(x)=0 and inactive at x if g_i(x)>0. Equality constraints are always active. The active set at x is made up of those constraints g_i(x) that are active at the current point (Nocedal & Wright 2006, p. 308).

The active set is particularly important in optimization theory as it determines which constraints will influence the final result of optimization. For example, in solving the linear programming problem, the active set gives the hyperplanes that intersect at the solution point. In quadratic programming, as the solution is not necessarily on one of the edges of the bounding polygon, an estimation of the active set gives us a subset of inequalities to watch while searching the solution, which reduces the complexity of the search.

Active set methods[edit]

In general an active set algorithm has the following structure:

Find a feasible starting point
repeat until "optimal enough"
solve the equality problem defined by the active set (approximately)
compute the Lagrange multipliers of the active set
remove a subset of the constraints with negative Lagrange multipliers
search for infeasible constraints
end repeat

Methods that can be described as active set methods include[citation needed]:

References[edit]