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2nd-gen Acura CL
|Production||1997–1999 and 2001–2003|
|Assembly||Marysville, Ohio, United States|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size luxury car|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Layout||Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive|
The Acura CL is a coupé manufactured by Honda's Acura brand from 1997 to 1999, and from 2001 to 2003. The CL is often thought to have been a replacement for the Acura Legend coupé, but with the advent of the TL in 1996, which directly replaced the Vigor, the CL is more precisely a TL coupé. All Acura CLs were built at Honda's plant in Marysville, Ohio, alongside the TL and the Honda Accord upon which the Acura CLs were based. The CL was the first Acura to be built in the United States.
Following the end of the 1995 model year, the Acura Legend coupé disappeared from Acura's lineup when the sedan version was renamed the Acura RL. The CL was not a direct replacement for the Legend coupé as it no longer shared the same chassis as its sedan counterpart, and was not made in Japan, unlike the RL. Because Acura no longer had a suitable Legend coupé replacement, they created the CL, which is based on the first generation Acura TL, which was released one year before the CL. With the release of the TL and 3.5RL in 1996 Acura transitioned to alphanumeric and/or two letter names, naming of all of its vehicles (with the exception of the Integra, which kept its name until the 2001 model year). Although the CL was considered to be a satisfactory vehicle, it never gained traction or popularity like the other Acura coupés.
First generation (1997–1999)
|First generation (YA1)|
1998–1999 Acura CL
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||2.2 L F22B1 I4
2.3 L F23A1 I4
3.0 L J30A1 V6
|Wheelbase||106.9 in (2,715 mm)|
|Length||190.0 in (4,826 mm)|
|Width||70.1 in (1,781 mm)|
|Height||54.7 in (1,389 mm)|
3,064 lb (1,390 kg) (I-4)
For the 1997 model year, early models having been licensed as 1996 models, the CL was offered with either a 3.0 L J30 V6 producing 200 hp (150 kW), or a 145 hp (108 kW) 2.2 L (F22B1) I4 engine. The 1998 and 1999 models featured a 2.3 L (F23A1) with 150 hp (112 kW).
Both the 4-cylinder and 6-cylinder CL offered a "Premium" trim level which offered leather upholstery (with heated front seats in the 3.0), and in the 3.0, an Acura/Bose stereo. For the 1999 model year, the "Premium" trim level was eliminated, and leather upholstery became standard on all models, as was a trunk cargo net. The alloy wheel design was different on the 3.0 for each year, moving from a five-spoke design (1997) to a seven-spoke design (1998), to a different multi-spoke alloy design for the 1999 model year. The 2.2/2.3 CL used a six-spoke design for 1997, then moved to a 5-spoke double-prong design for 1998 and 1999. The 4-cylinder model had an option for a manual transmission.
- 1997–1999 Acura CL 3.0 L V6 – 200 hp (150 kW)
- 1997 Acura CL 2.2 L I4 – 145 hp (108 kW)
- 1998–1999 Acura CL 2.3 L I4 – 150 hp (112 kW).
Driver side window concerns
The 1997 CL suffered from repeated failures of the driver side window mechanism. The manufacturer replaced the motor both under warranty and after warranty expirations, however no mass recall was ever issued.
Second generation (2001–2003)
|Second generation (YA4)|
2001–2002 Acura CL
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||3.2 L SOHC VTEC J-series V6|
6-speed manual (2003 only)
|Wheelbase||106.9 in (2,715 mm)|
|Length||192.0 in (4,877 mm)|
|Width||70.6 in (1,793 mm)|
|Height||55.5 in (1,410 mm)|
|Curb weight||3,000 lb (1,361 kg)|
For the 1999 model year, the Acura CL's sibling, the TL, was redesigned. The CL, however, was never produced as a 2000 model and instead in March 2000 the completely redesigned Acura CL was released as a 2001 model featuring a 3.2 L SOHC VTEC J-series V6. A navigation system was also available along with the Type-S model, denoting Acura's 'Sport' edition. While the regular CL featured a 225 hp (168 kW) V6, the Type-S boasted a 260 hp (194 kW) V6 with 17-inch wheels, a firmer suspension, slightly larger brakes, and firmer seats. At the time, the Type-S was the most powerful front wheel drive vehicle Honda had ever manufactured.
In 2002, the CL Type-S was offered, as a 2003 model, with a close-ratio 6-speed manual transmission with a helical limited-slip differential. The 6-speed CL deleted some minor interior features from the automatic, such as a center console light. Also, the heated seats only featured one heat setting (vs. high and low in the auto). VSA and TCS were also not found on the 6-speed car, and as such, a 3-channel ABS unit was used. One of the main criticisms of the CL was that a manual transmission had been dropped when the car was redesigned for the 2001 model year. Very few manual transmission models were built; there were 2,691 without navigation and 820 with navigation, for a total of 3,511. Despite such small numbers of manual transmissions, there was still a greater demand than Acura had expected. The 6-speed car was highly praised by critics, with one calling it "the high point of Acura performance outside the NSX and Integra Type-R". However, with the CL's sister car, the TL, coming up on a redesign for the 2004 model year, the CL was dropped from Acura's lineup and to this day Acura has no mid-size luxury coupé replacement. Total Acura CL sales from 2000 until 2003, when the last new model was sold, was less than 31,000 units. The CL's manual transmission survives in the 3rd generation TL and 7th generation Honda Accord.
2003 also saw cosmetic changes to the CL. The 5 watt road/fog lamps found on the 01–02 models were deleted, and non-functional air vents were installed in their place. The grille surround and door handles were now body color, as opposed to being chrome on the 01–02. The side mirrors were also redesigned (for both the 2002 and 2003 models) by having a more square shape, full body matched paint, and tinted glass since customers had complained about excessive wind noise coming from the mirror seam. The 2003 models also saw new headlights which now featured a blacked-out interior, and the taillight lenses had a cleared turn signal and reverse light. Type-S's now included updated 17 × 7" 12-spoke wheels. Revised thicker exhaust tips were also a new addition. Canadian CLs offer daytime running lights and a windshield washer fluid level sensor as standard equipment (USDM CL's do not have these as an option).
- 2001–2003 Acura 3.2 CL – 225 hp (168 kW), 217 lb·ft (294 N·m) mpg: 17 city/27 hwy. (5AT)
- 2001–2003 Acura 3.2 CL Type S – 260 hp (194 kW) @ 6100 rpm, 232 lb·ft (315 N·m) @ 3500–5500 rpm. mpg: 19 city/29 hwy (6MT), 17 city/27 hwy. (5AT)
High Performance Models
In 2003, Honda America's accessories division teamed up with Comptech, a respected tuner with a long history of collaboration with the company. Utilizing a specially designed Eaton supercharger coupled with numerous suspension, exhaust, braking and drivetrain modifications, Comptech was able to significantly improve the capabilities of an already powerful CL Type S. With the modifications, 0 to 60 times of the coupe were reduced from 6.0 seconds on a stock Type S to a mere 5.7 seconds.
- Comptech Supercharged 2003 Acura 3.2 CL Type S – 369 hp (275 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 302 lb·ft (409 N·m) @ 5400 rpm. mpg: 19 city (6MT)
Automatic Transmission concerns
Problems have been seen with the 2nd generation CL models equipped with automatic transmissions (manual transmission models are unaffected). Reports say that after an average of around 40,000 miles, the transmission experiences gear failures, such as downshifts, slipping, flaring and not shifting, and leaking.
One main cause is excessive wear of the 3rd gear clutch pack, resulting in large amounts of debris blocking the flow of transmission fluid. Many owners reported problems with the replacement transmissions as well. Similar transmission-related issues exist in the Honda Accord, Acura MDX, Acura TL as well as the Honda Odyssey.
Due to many failures, the manufacturer extended the warranty on the automatic transmission on some CLs and TLs for 7 years, 100,000 miles (160,000 km). Many replacement rebuilt units had problems. A class action lawsuit later extended the warranty to 93 months or 109,000 miles (180,000 km). Despite the conversion to kilometers, the class action settlement applies only for persons and entities residing in the United States.
In addition, there was an unrelated transmission recall for safety reasons. One gear tended to overheat, break and cause the transmission to lock up. Since this failure would cause the car to come to a sudden stop, this might cause accidents. Further information on the transmission issue was available on enthusiast forums and at the official Acura Service Bulletin.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Acura CL.|
- "Acura CL Technical Service Bulletins Summary".
- O'Dell, John (September 11, 2002). "Honda's Unexpected Gear Shift". Los Angeles Times.
- "Honda Transmission Settlement". Honda Transmission Settlement. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- Template:Cite web url=http://cl.acurazine.com/forums/archive/index.php/f-6.html
- "Automatic Transmission In-Warranty Exchange Program". Archived from the original on 2013-10-17.
|Acura, a division of Honda, road car timeline, 1986–present|