Adèle of Champagne

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Adèle of Champagne
Ludvik7 zena modlitba.jpg
Adèle with Louis VII and their little son
Queen consort of France
Tenure 1164–1180
Coronation 1164
Spouse Louis VII of France
Issue
Philip II of France
Empress Agnes[1]
Father Theobald II of Champagne
Mother Matilda of Carinthia
Born C. 1140
Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France
Died 4 June 1206 (aged 65–66)

Adèle of Champagne (c. 1140 – 4 June 1206), also known as Adelaide and Alix, was the third wife of Louis VII of France (they married October 18, 1160, five weeks after his previous wife Constance of Castile had died at childbirth) and the mother of his only male heir, who became Philip II.[2] She was the daughter of Theobald II, Count of Champagne and Matilda of Carinthia and was named after her grandmother.

She was active in the political life of the kingdom, along with her brothers Henry I, Theobald V, and Guillaume aux Blanches Mains. Henry and Theobald were married to daughters of Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine.[3] Adèle and her brothers felt their position threatened when the heiress of Artois, Isabella of Hainault, married Adèle's son Philip. Adèle formed an alliance with Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy and Count Philip of Flanders, and even tried to interest Frederick Barbarossa. War broke out in 1181, and relations became so bad that Philip attempted to divorce Isabella in 1184.

Although her power decreased after the accession of Philip in 1180, she acted as regent of the kingdom in 1190 while Philip was away on the Third Crusade. She returned to the shadows when he returned in 1192 but participated in the founding of many abbeys.

She died on 4 June 1206 in Paris, Île-de-France, France, and was buried in the church of Pontigny Abbey near Auxerre.

She had two children with Louis VII of France:[4]

Her grandchildren were King Louis VIII of France, wife of Narjot de Toucy, Duchess Marie and Philip I, Count of Boulogne.[6]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Odo II, Count of Blois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Theobald III, Count of Blois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Ermengarde of Auvergne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Stephen II, Count of Blois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Herbert I, Count of Maine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Gersende of Maine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Theobald II, Count of Champagne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Robert I, Duke of Normandy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. William the Conqueror
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Herleva
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Adela of Normandy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Baldwin V, Count of Flanders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Matilda of Flanders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Adela of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Adèle of Champagne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Siegfried of Sponheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Egelbert I of Sponheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Richgard
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Hedwig of Eppenstein
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Matilda of Carinthia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Count Rapotos IV
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Ulrich I, Count of Passau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Matilda
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Utta of Passau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Kuno of Lechsgemünd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Adelaide of Frontenhausen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Matilda of Horburg
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Garland, Lynda. Byzantine empresses: women and power in Byzantium, AD 527–1204. London, Routledge, 1999.
  2. ^ Gislebert of Mons' Chronicon
  3. ^ Women's Biography: Alix/Adela of Champagne, queen of France
  4. ^ Karl Ferdinand Werner: Adela von Champagne in Lexikon des Mittelalters
  5. ^ Women in World History by Anne Commire
  6. ^ Adams, Henry (17 October 2006) [1913]. "Chapter V: Towers and Portals". Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres. 
French royalty
Preceded by
Constance of Castile
Queen of France
1164–1180
Succeeded by
Isabella of Hainault