Adair County, Kentucky
|Adair County, Kentucky|
Adair County Courthouse in Columbia, Kentucky
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Adair, Governor of Kentucky (1820–1824)|
412.23 sq mi (1,068 km²)
406.84 sq mi (1,054 km²)
5.39 sq mi (14 km²), 1.31
42.4/sq mi (16/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Adair County ,founded in 1801, is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of 2010, the population is 18,656. Its county seat is Columbia, Kentucky. The county is named for John Adair, then Speaker of the House in Kentucky and later Governor of Kentucky (1820 - 1824).
Adair County also has one of the few remaining American Chestnut trees in America.
Adair County is a prohibition or completely dry county. It is represented in District 51 in the Kentucky House of Representatives by the Republican, John "Bam" Carney of Campbellsville, the seat of Taylor County. Its previous representatives, all Republicans, included were Russ Mobley, Ricky Lee Cox, Ray H. Altman, and Herman Rattliff. The state senator from District 16 is David L. Williams of Burkesville, the President of the Kentucky Senate. Williams's predecessor, Doug Moseley, who served from 1974–1987, formerly resided in Adair County.
Adair County is part of the Pennyroyal Plateau region of Kentucky and is part of western Appalachia. According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 412.23 square miles (1,067.7 km2), of which 406.84 square miles (1,053.7 km2) (or 98.69%) is land and 5.39 square miles (14.0 km2) (or 1.31%) is water. Over 40% of the county's land is covered with timber.
Adjacent counties 
- Taylor County north
- Casey County northeast
- Russell County east
- Cumberland County south
- Metcalfe County southwest
- Green County northwest
Adair County was formed on December 11, 1801 from sections of Green County. Columbia was chosen as the county seat the following year. It was named in honor of John Adair, later commander of Kentucky troops in the Battle of New Orleans and the eighth Governor of Kentucky. It was the 44th of Kentucky's 120 counties to be formed.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,244 people, 6,747 households, and 4,803 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 per square mile (16 /km2). There were 7,792 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.00% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,747 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,055, and the median income for a family was $29,779. Males had a median income of $23,183 versus $17,009 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,931. About 18.20% of families and 24.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.60% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over.
Lack of adequate transportation infrastructure hindered the county's prosperity well into the 20th century. The completion of the Cumberland Parkway in 1973 significantly ameliorated this problem.
Festivals & Events 
Events held in Adair County, Kentucky:
- Downtown Days, two-day festival on the streets of downtown Columbia. The event includes a parade, a beauty pageant, reenactment of the James/Younger Bank of Columbia robbery, 5-K run, pet show, train rides for the kids, kids carnival, face painting, inflatables, live entertainment, food, fun, clowns, choirs, and more.
Cities and towns 
Other places 
- Knifley - Northern Adair County that is across the Green River and meets Taylor County
- Breeding - Area between Columbia and Burkesville on Route 61 near the Cumberland County line. The zip code is 42715.
- Burton Ridge - Area between Columbia and Liberty on 206 centering on Purdy and Christine.
- Neatsville - Northeastern area of Adair County, located near Green River, between Burton Ridge and Pellyton; named in honor of the pioneer Adair County settler, Rudolph Neat.
- Sparksville - Area between Columbia, Kentucky and Burkesville before Breeding
Its schools are:
- Colonel William Casey Elementary School (Principal: Patty R. Jones; Asst. Principal: Laura H. Murrell)
- Adair County Elementary School (Principal: Robbie Harmon; Assistant Principal: Sandy Wilson)
- Adair County Middle School (Principal: Alma Rich; Assistant Principal: Donna Owens)
- Adair County High School (Principal: Troy Young; Assistant Principal: Doug Holmes).
Notable residents 
- Thomas E. Bramlette, Governor of Kentucky
- Robert Porter Caldwell (1821–1885), United States Congressman, was born in Adair County.
- William Casey, namesake of Casey County, Kentucky
- William Parish Chilton, member of the Confederate States Congress from Alabama
- Jane Lampton Clements, mother of Mark Twain
- E. A. Diddle, men's basketball coach for Western Kentucky University
- Janice Holt Giles (1909–1979), a writer noted particularly for her regional novels and nonfiction, lived in Adair County from 1949 until her death in 1979.
- James R. Hindman, Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
- William Palmer Jones (1819–1897), born in Adair County, was a noted physician, academic journal editor, college professor, and member of the Tennessee State Senate.
- Sergeant Dakota Meyer (b. 1988), born and initially educated in Adair County, received the Medal of Honor in 2011 for his actions in Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan in 2009
- Rudolph Neat, Jr. (ca. 1754-1821), prominent pioneer Adair Countian in whose honor the Neatsville community is named.
- Evelyn West, burlesque actress
- Frank Lane Wolford, U.S. Representative from Kentucky
See also 
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Adair County Government (2007-06-06). "Kentucky: Adair County - Overview". Commonwealth of Kentucky. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- Kleber, p. 2
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- William A. Settle, Jr., Jesse James Was His Name 44 (1977).
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Education, Kentucky Department of (2008-12-12). "County & Independent School Districts" (PDF). Kentucky Department of Education. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Adair County Schools (2009-12-05). "ADAIR COUNTY SCHOOLS". Adair County Schools. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Colonel William Casey Elementary School (2009-12-15). "CWC Home Page". Colonel William Casey Elementary School. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Adair County Elementary School. "Adair County Elementary School". Adair County Elementary School. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Adair County Middle School. "Untitled Document". Adair County Middle School. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Adair County High School. "Adair County High School - Columbia, Kentucky". Adair County High School. Archived from the original on 18 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- Western Kentucky University (2011). "Coach E.A. Diddle". Western Kentucky University. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- Janice Holt Giles.
- Marine Corps Scholarship Foundation (2011). "Life - Dakota Meyer - Honoring Marines by Educating Their Children". Marine Corps Scholarship Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- Ikenberry, Eric (2009). "Ikenberrys, Masons, Boyers, and Fletchers: Information about Rudolph Neat, Jr.". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- IMDb.com, Inc. (2011). "Evelyn West - IMDb". IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- Kleber, John E. (1992). "Adair County". In John E. Kleber. The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
Further reading 
Flowers, Randy; Nancy S. Willis, Beverly England, and Dorothy Gerrick. Adair County, Kentucky: A Pictorial History. Columbia, Kentucky: Adair County Genealogical Society. p. 152.
- Columbia & Adair County History
- Columbia Magazine
- The Kentucky Highlands Project
- Burtons of Adair County