Adair County, Oklahoma

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To be distinguished from Adair, Oklahoma.
Adair County, Oklahoma
Adair County Oklahoma courthouse.jpg
Adair County courthouse
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Adair County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Named for The Adair family of the Cherokee tribe.
Seat Stilwell
Area
 • Total 577 sq mi (1,494 km2)
 • Land 573 sq mi (1,484 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 22,194
 • Density 39/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Adair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,286.[1] Its county seat is Stilwell.[2] Adair County was named after the Adair family of the Cherokee tribe.[3]

History[edit]

The county was created in 1906 from the Goingsnake and Flint districts of the Cherokee Nation.[4] There was a decade-long struggle over what town would become the county seat between Stilwell and Westville.[5] When the county was formed, Westville was identified as the county seat, due partly to its location at the intersection of two major railroads: the Kansas City Southern Railway and the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway.[6] The county seat was moved to Stilwell in 1910.[7]

During the Great Depression and World War II, strawberries became a major crop in Adair County. In 1948, the first Stilwell Strawberry Festival was organized. The 2002 festival saw some 40,000 people in attendance.[5]

The 1910 census counted 10,535 residents.[4] By 1990, it was up to 18,421.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 573 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.6%) is water.[8]

The county is part of the Ozark plateau uplift, the tree-covered foothills of the Boston Mountains.[4] North and central Adair County are drained by the Illinois River and three creeks.[4] Two more creeks lie near Stilwell.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Economy[edit]

The county is home to food processing and canning industries; poultry farms; cattle ranches; horse breeders; and strawberry fields.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 10,535
1920 13,703 30.1%
1930 14,756 7.7%
1940 15,755 6.8%
1950 14,918 −5.3%
1960 13,112 −12.1%
1970 15,141 15.5%
1980 18,575 22.7%
1990 18,421 −0.8%
2000 21,038 14.2%
2010 22,683 7.8%
Est. 2013 22,194 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Adair County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[11] of 2010, Adair County had a small population relative to its surrounding counties, with only 21,038 people, almost half of them (43.3 percent) Native American. The remainder of the population was 43 percent white, 10.5 percent of more than one race, and 5.3 percent Hispanic or Latino. Less than 1 percent of the population was either Black or African American, Asian, or Pacific Islander, and 2.3 percent were identified as other.

The median age of the population was 36.2 years and two-thirds of the county's population were either under the age of 18 (28 percent) or between the ages of 25 to 44 (24.8 percent). Of the remaining population, 25.9 percent were ages 45 to 64, 12.9 percent were 65 years of age or older, and 13.2 percent were ages 18 to 24. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.

There were a total of 8,156 households and 5,982 families in the county in 2010. There were 9,142 housing units. Of the 8,156 households, 31.4 percent included children under the age of 18 and slightly more than half (52.7 percent) included married couples living together. 26.7 percent were non-family, 14.2 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8 percent contained a single individual of 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.25.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,258, and the median income for a family was $32,930. Males had a median income of $28,370 versus $23,384 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,560. About 25.3 percent of families and 27.8 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8 percent of those under age 18 and 18.7 percent of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2013[12]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 7,691 60.57%
  Republican 3,986 31.39%
  Unaffiliated 1,021 8.04%
Total 12,698 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[13]
Year Republican Democrat
2012 67.4% 4,362 32.6% 2,110
2008 69.3% 4,638 30.7% 2,052
2004 66% 4,971 34% 2,562
2000 58.6% 3,503 39.5% 2,361

Communities[edit]

Map of Adair County

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Adair County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Oklahoma Almanac Online (PDF). Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Whitaker, Rachel. "Adair County". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  5. ^ a b Barker, Betty Starr. "Stilwell". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  6. ^ Hill, Luther B. (1910). A History of the State of Oklahoma I. The Lewis Publishing Company. p. 470. 
  7. ^ Oklahoma Almanac 2005
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Adair, Oklahoma Almanac, 2005 (accessed May 22, 2013)
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0113.pdf
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°53′N 94°40′W / 35.88°N 94.66°W / 35.88; -94.66