||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (August 2013)|
Downtown Adairsville, including original train depot used in the Great Chase
Location in Bartow County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||9.1 sq mi (23.6 km2)|
|• Land||9.1 sq mi (23.6 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||719 ft (219 m)|
|• Density||510/sq mi (197.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0310389|
Adairsville is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 4,648. Adairsville is 12 miles (19 km) south of Calhoun, 18 miles (29 km) northeast of Rome and 61 miles (98 km) north of Atlanta.
Adairsville is an exurban city at the northwest edge of metro Atlanta. Adairsville is located at (34.368925, −84.928212). U.S. Route 41 passes through the city, leading north to Calhoun and south to Cartersville. Interstate 75 runs through the eastern part of the city, with access from Exit 306 (Georgia State Route 140).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles (23.6 km2), all land.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Adairsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Adairsville, Georgia (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °F (°C)||50.7
|Average low °F (°C)||30.3
|Precipitation inches (mm)||4.96
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.2||9.8||9.5||8.3||9.1||9.3||10.3||9.0||7.1||6.2||8.2||9.6||106.6|
|Source: NOAA (temperature at Calhoun)|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2013)|
Adairsville used to be a small Cherokee village named after Chief Walter (John) S. Adair, a Scottish settler who married a Cherokee Indian woman before the removal of the Cherokee in 1838. It was part of the Cherokee territory along with Calhoun and including New Echota.
After the removal of the Cherokees, the village became part of Georgia, and the residents built the town keeping the name Adairsville. One of the developers was William Watts who had a lot of railroad business interest in this town. He had brought the Western and Atlantic Railroad from Atlanta (still in use). He deeded land to the railroad and surveyed business lots including hotels, mills, and blacksmith shops around the town where the railroad ran by the 1847 train depot. Watts' plan was successful and brought the town the nickname "Granary of the State"; it was incorporated in 1854. He was a town resident and had a home that was built around the foundation of an Indian cabin which is on a hill overlooking the town.
During the Civil War, Adairsville was involved on the side of the Confederate States of America in 1861 against the Union. On April 12, 1862, the steam locomotive General was pursued from Atlanta and passed through Adairsville as its people witnessed the incident during the Great Locomotive Chase. After this happened, Adairians set their own three day street festival in remembrance of the Chase. The Civil War came to the town on May 17, 1864, in full force where the Confederate army failed to defeat Sherman and his Union army during the Atlanta Campaign. This battle is known as the Battle of Adairsville. After the Civil War ended in 1865, Adairsville rebuilt and became a hub for the carpet and textile industries, and for farm and transportation services, including its famous railroad. Some historical buildings still intact in the town include the original train depot which was involved in "The Great Locomotive Chase".
Adairsville is well known for Barnsley Gardens, which is now a golf resort. Barnsley Gardens is situated southwest of the city center of Adairsville. The home was built by Sir Godfrey Barnsley of Derbyshire, England, in the late 1840s for his wife Julia. She died before the house could be completed, but it is said that her ghost appeared to Sir Godfrey, telling him to complete the work. It was brought about by the visions of Andrew Jackson Downing, the architect who designed the grounds of the U.S. Capitol and White House. The ruins of the great main house remain. Almost lost to time and the elements, the land, including all of the ruins, was bought in 1988 by Prince Hubertus Fugger who restored the gardens and renovated the grounds into an upscale golf resort.
On January 30, 2013, at approximately 11:30 am, the city was struck by a devastating EF3 tornado, leaving one dead, dozens injured, and hundreds of businesses and residences destroyed.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,542 people, 991 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 411.9 people per square mile (159.1/km²). There were 1,103 housing units at an average density of 178.7 per square mile (69.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.6% White, 22.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.
There were 1,568 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.3% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.1% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $71,214, and the median income for a family was $74,828. Males had a median income of $31,123 versus $21,899 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,828. About 16.4% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Godfrey Barnsley, 19th-century cotton magnate after whom Barnsley Gardens is named
- Bobby Cox, Atlanta Braves manager
- Pretty Boy Floyd, a 1930s outlaw born in Adairsville during his Oklahoma family's brief stay in the town
- Wally Fowler, founder of the Oak Ridge Boys
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Adairsville city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- Climate Summary for Adairsville, Georgia
- "Station Name: GA CALHOUN EXP STN". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- "Station Name: GA ADAIRSVILLE 5 SE". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- "NWS Storm Report". NWS. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- City of Adairsville official website
- Adairsville Depot at Railga.com
- Adairsville, Georgia, at Cartersville-Bartow County Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Adairsville Elementary
- Adairsville High School