Adam Moleyns

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Adam Moleyns
Bishop of Chichester
Diocese Diocese of Chichester
In office 1445–1450
Predecessor Richard Praty
Successor Reginald Pecock
Other posts Lord Privy Seal (1444–1450)
Dean of Salisbury & Archdeacon of Taunton (1441–1445)
Archdeacon of Salisbury (1440–1441)
Orders
Consecration 6 February 1446
Personal details
Died 9 January 1450(1450-01-09)
Portsmouth

Adam Moleyns (or Adam Molyens, Adam Molens, Adam Molins, Adam Molyneaux, Adam Molyneux, Adam de Moleyns; died 9 January 1450) was an English bishop, lawyer, royal administrator and diplomat. During the minority of Henry VI of England, he was clerk of the ruling council of the Regent.[1]

Life[edit]

Moleyns had the living of Kempsey from 1433.[2] He was Dean of Salisbury. He became bishop of Chichester on 24 September 1445, and was consecrated bishop on 6 February 1446.[3] He was Lord Privy Seal in 1444,[4][5] at the same time that he was Protonotary of the Holy See. In 1447 he had permission to fortify the manor house at Bexhill.[6]

An active partisan of the unpopular William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, Moleyns was lynched in Portsmouth by discontented unpaid soldiers on 9 January 1450.[3][7]

Moleyns was a correspondent of the humanist Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Pope Pius II, who complimented him in a letter of 29 May 1444: "And I congratulate you and England, since you care for the art of rhetoric".[8] In 1926 George Warner attributed The Libelle of Englyshe Polycye (1435–38) to Moleyns but this theory was partly based on Warner's mistaken identification of Adam Moleyns as a member of the family’s Lancashire branch.[9] The theory of Moleyns' authorship of the poem is now rejected by most historians and scholars.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Paleography Exercises A document of Adam Moleyns accessed on 25 August 2007
  2. ^ Priests of Kempsey accessed on 25 August 2007. Archived 2009-10-24.
  3. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  4. ^ Lord Privy Seal accessed on 25 August 2007
  5. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 95
  6. ^ Bexhill Museum The History Of Bexhill accessed on 25 August 2007
  7. ^ Michael Miller The Wars of the Roses chapter 37 accessed on 25 August 2007;Steven Muhlberger Beginning of the Wars of the Roses accessed on 25 August 2007;The Royal Garrison Church accessed on 25 August 2007
  8. ^ Alessandra Petrina, Cultural Politics in Fifteenth-Century England: The Case of 2004:216 and note
  9. ^ Holmes, G.A. (1961). "The Libel of English Policy". English Historical Review 76: 193–216. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxvi.ccxcix.193. 
  10. ^ Smith "Moleyns, Adam (d. 1450)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Reeves, A.C., Lancastrian Englishmen (Washington: University Press of America) 1981. One of five fifteenth-century careers outlined through documents.
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Beckington
Lord Privy Seal
1444–1450
Succeeded by
Andrew Holes