Adam Rainer

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Adam Rainer (1899 – 4 March 1950) is the only person in recorded history to have been both a dwarf and a giant.[1]

Rainer was born in Graz, Austria-Hungary.[2] In 1917, at age 18, he was measured at 122.55 cm (4 ft 0.25 in). A typical defining characteristic of dwarfism is an adult height below 147 cm (4 ft 10 in). Then, likely as a result of a pituitary tumor, he had a dramatic growth spurt so that by 1931 he had reached a height of 218 cm (7 ft 2 in).[3] As a result of his gigantism he became bedridden for the rest of his life.[2] When he died in 1950 he had reached a height of 234 cm (7 ft 8 in).[4] His feet measured 33.3 cm (13.1 inches)[citation needed], and his hands 23.9 cm (9.4 inches)[citation needed]. He weighed 109 kg (241 pounds)[citation needed].


  1. ^ Guinness World Records, 2004.
  2. ^ a b Bellows, Alan. "The Man Who Was a Dwarf and a Giant",, 1 December 2005.
  3. ^ Hirsch, Obar. Two Types of Gigantism Due to Similar Tumors. Discussion of Growth* Confinia Neurologica, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1961)
  4. ^ Adam Rainer at The Tallest Man

External links[edit]

  • Entry at (no grave photo; cremated)