Adam Schaff

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Adam Schaff
Born (1913-03-10)March 10, 1913
Lviv, Poland (now Ukraine)
Died November 12, 2006(2006-11-12) (aged 93)
Warsaw, Poland
Nationality Polish
Alma mater Lviv University
Moscow State University
Awards Order of Polonia Restituta
Era 20th century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Marxism
Main interests Epistemology

Adam Schaff (10 March 1913, Lwów – 12 November 2006, Warsaw) was a Polish Marxist philosopher.


Of Jewish origin, Schaff was born in Lviv into a lawyer's family.[1] Schaff studied economics at the Ecole des Sciences Politiques et Economiques in Paris, and philosophy in Poland, specializing in epistemology. In 1945 he received a philosophy degree at Moscow University, and in 1948 he returned to Warsaw University. He was considered the official ideologue of the Polish United Workers' Party. He was a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences and of the Club of Rome.[2]


  • Word and Concept
  • Language and Cognition
  • Introduction to Semantic
  • Problems of the Marxist Theory of Truth
  • A Philosophy of Man

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