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Professor Adam Yarmolinsky (November 17, 1922 - January 5, 2000), son of Babette Deutsch and Avrahm Yarmolinsky, was an American academic, educator and author, as well as a political appointee who served in numerous capacities in the Kennedy, Johnson and Carter administrations.
Besides serving in the White House, he also held posts in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. He was an aide to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara at the Pentagon, where Yarmolinsky was an early critic of American policies in the Vietnam war.
Yarmolinsky attended the Fieldston School in Riverdale and then graduated from Harvard College where he was editorial director of the Harvard Crimson. He enlisted in the US Army Air Corps during World War II and rose to the rank of sergeant.
After the war, he received a law degree from Yale Law School. He served as a law clerk to Chief Judge Charles E. Clark of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, based in New York, and later as a clerk to Supreme Court Justice Stanley F. Reed.
Following his service in the U.S. government Yarmolinsky became Regent's Professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), where he served as Provost. Another academic post was as Ralph Waldo Emerson Professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in the mid 1970s.  He was also a founding member of the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
On February 3, 1990 he married Dr. Sarah Ames Ellis, a clinical psychologist, in an Episcopalian ceremony in Manhattan. It was his third marriage. His second marriage was to Jane Marie Cox Vonnegut, Kurt Vonnegut's first wife. She died in 1986. 
He died, aged 77, at Georgetown University Hospital, of leukemia. He was survived by his wife; his first wife, Harriet Yarmolinsky; and four children. Harriet Yarmolinsky died in January 2008 at age 81.